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Challenges and technological solutions to the ­identification of individuals in mass grave scenarios in the modern context
Gillian Fowler and Tim Thompson

example of how DNA analysis can add a complication to already extremely sensitive issues within the community. Finally, if there are several siblings in one mass grave who cannot be individually identified through a DNA profile, a post-mortem biological profile must be relied upon if individual identification is to be achieved. In some cases, such as in Rwanda, whole families were massacred and it was not possible to trace surviving family members for DNA identification purposes.32 Methods employed by anthropologists to remove the soft tissues in preparation for a full

in Human remains and identification
Mass graves in post-war Malaysia
Frances Tay

, beneath an obelisk commemorating ‘Penang Overseas Chinese war victims, compatriots and transport workers’.19 Omitted were details of how they had met their fate or the contexts in which they had lost their lives. Instead, the Luguo Bridge Incident of 1937 which had sparked the Second Sino-Japanese War was given prominence. Clearly, this was a memorial to commemorate tongbao – a Chinese term that can be read alternately as ‘compatriot’ or ‘siblings from the same bloodline’.20 In this final resting place, the remains were now transmuted into symbolic representations of

in Human remains and identification
Open Access (free)
Death, landscape and power among the Duha Tuvinians of northern Mongolia
Benedikte Møller Kristensen

natural entity or an artefact. Yet, when the soul realises that its former body has gone it is likely to depart for the afterworld. This may explain why the Duha show great relief when they realise that a deceased was consumed fast, as one middle-aged Duha woman told me: ‘My father’s younger sibling left Ulaan Huu’s grandfather at the entry way to Darkan. At first one crow came and left. Then five crows came and then another four crows and after that one eagle. We had left him there and went away and when we came back everything had disappeared. It was a very good sign

in Governing the dead
Nataša Gregorič Bon

missed her husband and children. She could not talk to them every day, as there were no mobile phones at the time. While Lambrini was working in Athens, she returned only at Christmas, and her 19-year-old daughter took care of her father and siblings. She remitted one-quarter Silenced border crossings in southern Albania 151 of her monthly salary via a relative and saved the rest to purchase the shop. Kosta invested Lambrini’s remittances in renovating the house, which had been built in the 1970s. When Lambrini returned to the village she bought the shop, which she

in Migrating borders and moving times
Time and space in family migrant networks between Kosovo and western Europe
Carolin Leutloff-Grandits

meant that other family members were left behind. People worried about those who remained behind in dangerous, economically depressed Kosovo. Many migrants remained strongly home-oriented. They tried to put money aside to send home to their families, parents and (male) siblings. In the 1990s, this was done irrespective of whether the migrants managed to bring their spouses and children or not. The ethnic conflict and the flight from Kosovo were experienced as a time to show solidarity with those at home; individual aspirations were subordinated to meeting the needs of

in Migrating borders and moving times
Massacres, missing corpses, and silence in a Bosnian community
Max Bergholz

personnel wrote reports to their superiors in Zagreb, noting that sometimes survivors would return to their villages after the mass killings – which they euphemistically referred to as ‘cleansings’ – only to discover horrific scenes with bodies. ‘This has created fear among the people, as well as indignation, all of which makes any kind of reconciliation [between the Serb and non-Serb population] unthinkable.’18 One can only imagine the experience of finding the murdered bodies of parents and siblings, with limbs being chewed off by livestock and dogs. For one local man

in Destruction and human remains