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Suhad Daher-Nashif

This article aims to shed light on the post-mortem practices for Palestinian dead bodies when there is suspicion of human rights violations by Israeli military forces. By focusing on the case of Omran Abu Hamdieh from Al-Khalil (Hebron), the article explores the interactions between Palestinian social-institutional agents, Israeli military forces and international medico-legal agents. Drawing on ethnographic and archival data, the article explores how the intersectionality between the various controlling powers is inscribed over the Palestinian dead bodies and structures their death rites. The article claims that inviting foreign medico-legal experts in the Palestinian context could reveal the true death story and the human rights violations, but also reaffirms the sovereignty of the Israeli military forces over the Palestinian dead and lived bodies.

Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal
Open Access (free)
The omnibus and urban culture in nineteenth-century Paris
Author: Masha Belenky

Engine of Modernity: The Omnibus and Urban Culture in Nineteenth-Century Paris examines the connection between public transportation and popular culture in nineteenth-century Paris through a focus on the omnibus - a horse-drawn vehicle for mass urban transport which enabled contact across lines of class and gender. A major advancement in urban locomotion, the omnibus generated innovations in social practices by compelling passengers of diverse backgrounds to interact within the vehicle’s close confines. Although the omnibus itself did not actually have an engine, its arrival on the streets of Paris and in the pages of popular literature acted as a motor for a fundamental cultural shift in how people thought about the city, its social life, and its artistic representations. At the intersection of literary criticism and cultural history, Engine of Modernity argues that for nineteenth-century French writers and artists, the omnibus was much more than a mode of transportation. It became a metaphor through which to explore evolving social dynamics of class and gender, meditate on the meaning of progress and change, and reflect on one’s own literary and artistic practices.

Open Access (free)
The Algerian war and the ‘emancipation’ of Muslim women, 1954–62
Author: Neil Macmaster

In May 1958, and four years into the Algerian War of Independence, a revolt again appropriated the revolutionary and republican symbolism of the French Revolution by seizing power through a Committee of Public Safety. This book explores why a repressive colonial system that had for over a century maintained the material and intellectual backwardness of Algerian women now turned to an extensive programme of 'emancipation'. After a brief background sketch of the situation of Algerian women during the post-war decade, it discusses the various factors contributed to the emergence of the first significant women's organisations in the main urban centres. It was only after the outbreak of the rebellion in 1954 and the arrival of many hundreds of wives of army officers that the model of female interventionism became dramatically activated. The French military intervention in Algeria during 1954-1962 derived its force from the Orientalist current in European colonialism and also seemed to foreshadow the revival of global Islamophobia after 1979 and the eventual moves to 'liberate' Muslim societies by US-led neo-imperialism in Afghanistan and Iraq. For the women of Bordj Okhriss, as throughout Algeria, the French army represented a dangerous and powerful force associated with mass destruction, brutality and rape. The central contradiction facing the mobile socio-medical teams teams was how to gain the trust of Algerian women and to bring them social progress and emancipation when they themselves were part of an army that had destroyed their villages and driven them into refugee camps.

Chinese puzzles and global challenges
R. Bin Wong

Bayly 04_Tonra 01 21/06/2011 10:20 Page 103 4 Historical lessons about contemporary social welfare: Chinese puzzles and global challenges R. Bin Wong Explaining China’s past to find approaches to our common future We look out at the world around us and see problems and possibilities created by our social practices. We have some basic ideas about where conditions are better and where they are worse, on the basis of which our thinking about development seeks to create the traits found in good conditions elsewhere. The history that typically matters to

in History, historians and development policy
Open Access (free)
Susan M. Johns

the nobility, and as a result the process of writing dispersed power yet also concentrated it. He argued that literature ‘stands at the crossroads of medieval social practice and culture’.5 What is significant here is that this collective writing lesson was gendered. If the definition of literature is expanded to include not only poetry, history and romance, the main sources which Bloch uses, but also administrative documents and charters, the ways in which individual noblewomen exerted power become apparent. Charters have a particular usefulness in that they are

in Noblewomen, aristocracy and power in the twelfth-century Anglo-Norman realm
Open Access (free)
Mary Chamberlain

) where there were no original indigenes, 2 they changed irrevocably the social vocabulary of the metropole. The role of culture as a means of subverting the dominant order is, arguably, at its most refined in the Caribbean. 3 The long centuries of slavery provided a fitting apprenticeship where the ground rules of alternative, creolised, cultural forms and social practices were laid

in West Indian intellectuals in Britain
South Korea’s development of a hepatitis B vaccine and national prevention strategy focused on newborns
Eun Kyung Choi and Young-Gyung Paik

). His argument rested on the prioritising the future of the nation and, thus, the future generation, rather than the working population in the present. The role of the current generation was to develop economy and vaccines for the bright future of the nation. To begin with, Korean doctors had focused on changes to what were seen as unhygienic social practices rather than vaccination. As the vaccination strategy became increasingly significant

in The politics of vaccination
Open Access (free)
Nuns’ narratives in early modern Venice
Mary Laven

reveal the history of criminal justice, that is the workings, policies and personnel of the courts. This position has been elegantly contested in a published debate between the two Italian historians, Mario Sbriccoli and Edoardo Grendi. While Sbriccoli argues that it is an illusion to believe that we can learn anything from criminal records beyond the history of legal institutions, Grendi insists that they shed light on the social practices which the magistrates seek to discipline.13 Interestingly, these problems seem to have been more troubling in the late 1980s than

in Judicial tribunals in England and Europe, 1200–1700
A summary discussion
Bonnie Clementsson

between related people were at their most popular. Earlier scholars hence focused on various aspects of the phenomenon of incest, but no one has specifically investigated the social practice of legal application and its long-term changes. Here my investigation differs from what has been done before. By allowing it to cover a longer period of time, and to include different arenas in society, I have been able to extend the perspective, which has provided a better overview of the changes that took place. This has enabled me to identify ideological

in Incest in Sweden, 1680–1940
Open Access (free)
Sabine Clarke

like Cambridge University studied colonial products in research institutes where they had very little regular contact with local people apart from those they employed. These researchers did not spend so much time out in the field, and were not routinely engaged in the direct manipulation of the economic and social practices of local communities in the name of improvement. Instead their work contributed to the exercise of colonial power through the production of representations of the tropics and colonised peoples; representations that were often informed by the

in Science at the end of empire