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The European Union and social democratic identity
Gerassimos Moschonas

; Chryssochoou 2005: 35). Decisions, within this ‘non-state polity’, are not made by a dominant organ but instead derive from negotiations between the three pillars of the institutional triangle (Commission, Council, Parliament), on the one hand, and from negotiations between the twenty-seven member states, on the other. Although the European Council has become, in the process, the key motor of integration – also attracting, which is politically important, ‘the spotlight of media and public attention’ (Tsoukalis 2005) – the Union remains a regime based on continual negotiation

in In search of social democracy
Structuring self-made offers and demands
Andreas Maurer and Wolfgang Wessels

in a Non-State Polity (Oxford, New York: Bergahn, 1998) See, with further references on the theory of leadership in international negotiations, David Metcalfe, ‘Leadership in European Union Negotiations: The Presidency of the Council’, in: International Negotiation, No. 3/1998, pp. 413–434. See Moravcsik, 1993, op. cit., p. 483. See Heinrich Schneider, ‘Europäische Integration – die Leitbilder und die Politik’, in: Michael Kreile (ed.), Die Integration Europas’, Politische Viertelsjahresschrift, Sonderheft No. 23 (Opladen: Westdeutscher Verlag, 1992), p. 11. See

in Fifteen into one?
Dimitris N. Chryssochoou, Michael J. Tsinisizelis, Stelios Stavridis, and Kostas Ifantis

constitutional foundations of sovereignty as resting on the member state polities, but challenges the capacity and, hence, the functional autonomy of states to respond effectively to pressing socioeconomic realities. In this sense, subnational mobilisation becomes an additional vehicle for the reallocation of authoritative problem-solving capacity to constitutive entities within a polity that remains dependent in critical ways on its subsystems, but which also allows for new structures of political opportunity to emerge. This implies a dynamic understanding of governance, not

in Theory and reform in the European Union
New polity dynamics
Dimitris N. Chryssochoou, Michael J. Tsinisizelis, Stelios Stavridis, and Kostas Ifantis

central authorities. Pace the constitutional arrangements currently in place in some of its federal subsystems, and particularly the insistence of the Länder for a strict division of competences, one could legitimately argue that both the constitutional architecture and decision-making culture of the Union qua ‘non-state polity’ are not (as yet) in a position to resolve questions of competence allocation through an explicit delineation of legislative powers among the Union’s constitutive levels of governance. Moreover, whether or not the existing acquis is inherently

in Theory and reform in the European Union