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The challenge of Eurasian security governance

Eurasian security governance has received increasing attention since 1989. The North Atlantic Treaty Organisation, the institution that best served the security interests of the West in its competition with the Soviet Union, is now relatively ill-equipped resolve the threats emanating from Eurasia to the Atlantic system of security governance. This book investigates the important role played by identity politics in the shaping of the Eurasian security environment. It investigates both the state in post-Soviet Eurasia as the primary site of institutionalisation and the state's concerted international action in the sphere of security. This investigation requires a major caveat: state-centric approaches to security impose analytical costs by obscuring substate and transnational actors and processes. The terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon marked the maturation of what had been described as the 'new terrorism'. Jervis has argued that the western system of security governance produced a security community that was contingent upon five necessary and sufficient conditions. The United States has made an effort to integrate China, Russia into the Atlantic security system via the Partnership for Peace (PfP) programme and the Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council. The Black Sea Economic Cooperation has become engaged in disseminating security concerns in fields such as environment, energy and economy. If the end of the Cold War left America triumphant, Russia's new geopolitical hand seemed a terrible demotion. Successfully rebalancing the West and building a collaborative system with Russia, China, Europe and America probably requires more wisdom and skill from the world's leaders.

Open Access (free)
Planned Obsolescence of Medical Humanitarian Missions: An Interview with Tony Redmond, Professor and Practitioner of International Emergency Medicine and Co-founder of HCRI and UK-Med

opportunities to do something out of the routine, so there is that element to it. But there is also the experience and the technological experience people get by working in a more difficult environment. If you look at management of major incidents and even terrorist attacks and so on, those people who had experience working in difficult emergencies overseas responded better; they understand how to deal with those crises. The NHS, and if you look at UK-Med specifically, has a cadre of people who

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs

2504Chap4 7/4/03 12:39 pm Page 69 4 Eurasia and the transnational terrorist threats to Atlantic security Phil Williams The terrorist attacks of September 11 on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon were not only the most audacious and successful terrorist attacks the world has yet seen, but also marked the maturation of what had been described as the ‘new terrorism’. It was a maturation in several senses. In the first place it revealed that trends identified by astute specialists such as Walter Laqueur, Bruce Hoffman and Ian Lesser were, in fact, well

in Limiting institutions?

-scale anti-terrorism operation to release hostages, peacekeeping operations, and disaster-relief and rescue missions.19 Consequently, the September 2001 terrorist attacks on New York and Washington, DC, only underscored the vital importance of the PfP exercise in Georgia and the Black Sea the preceding June, which tested the skills and procedures required to deal with real world crisis scenarios. From Poland to Georgia, Europe and Eurasia have experienced the evolution of a cooperative security process that provides the framework for former enemy states to train and

in Limiting institutions?

security governance complexities of balancing entangling external linkages with the preservation of unique domestic economic and political programmes and prerogatives. There has been an understandable post-Cold War tendency to discount Russia’s continuing regional capabilities and commitment to its Eurasian leadership position. Indeed, the dramatic September 11 2001 terrorist attacks on the United States and consequent insertion of American military power in Central Asia further complicated Russia’s FSU leadership aspirations and may launch a new era in the Eurasian

in Limiting institutions?

in the creation of the ‘Shanghai Five’ in 1996, a grouping that was subsequently enlarged with the addition of Uzbekistan in 1999 and formalised in 2001 with the creation of the SCO.5 The Shanghai process generated cooperation agreements in various issue areas, ranging from border disputes to economic cooperation to anti-terrorism measures. In this way, China established a firm diplomatic presence in the region. The September 11 terrorist attacks on New York and Washington, DC, 105 2504Chap6 7/4/03 12:40 pm Page 106 Security threats however, have had a lasting

in Limiting institutions?
Israel and a Palestinian state

degree of tolerance for Hamas that the Arafat regime will permit. During the active first years of the peace process, the risk of radicalism from Hamas may have made Israel more willing to negotiate with the Arafat regime. Thus, before the second intifada , the regime was prepared to co-operate with Israeli authorities to thwart Hamas terrorist attacks in Israel. 21

in Redefining security in the Middle East
Cinema, news media and perception management of the Gaza conflicts

claims, on the other, exclusive focus on their humanitarian status disavows their political claims, as a people colonised by Israel. On the news, the Gaza conflicts are typically described as ‘wars’ between Israel and Hamas, disconnected from a history of colonisation and occupation. We are repeatedly told that Israel is under terrorist attack by Hamas rockets, fired into Israeli territory from Gaza, and

in Global humanitarianism and media culture

and several other Armenian politicians in a bizarre terrorist attack on a parliamentary session in October. Lacking support on his right flank, Kocharian backed away from a willingness to agree to any realistic compromise. Aliev was similarly constrained. In spite of his authoritarian control of his country, partly charismatic and partly institutionalised, he, too, had to be sensitive to the virtually unanimous view of the political opposition that any compromise peace was tantamount to betrayal. He responded by conducting all of the Karabagh negotiations himself

in Limiting institutions?
The dynamics of multilateralism in Eurasia

‘coordinated’ rather than ‘joint’ operations). CIS security functions received additional competencies in October 2000 when an agreement was signed in Biskek to create a joint rapid reaction force, consisting of troops from Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan, to respond to regional crises and to fortify porous border areas against terrorist attacks and incursions. In March 2001, the CIS Collective Security Council secretary, Valery Nikolaenki, visited Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan to discuss military integration of rapid reaction forces, to include

in Limiting institutions?