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Overriding politics and injustices
Vilho Amukwaya Shigwedha

In October 2011, twenty skulls of the Herero and Nama people were repatriated from Germany to Namibia. So far, fifty-five skulls and two human skeletons have been repatriated to Namibia and preparations for the return of more skulls from Germany were at an advanced stage at the time of writing this article. Nonetheless, the skulls and skeletons that were returned from Germany in the past have been disappointingly laden with complexities and politics, to such an extent that they have not yet been handed over to their respective communities for mourning and burials. In this context, this article seeks to investigate the practice of ‘anonymising’ the presence of human remains in society by exploring the art and politics of the Namibian state’s memory production and sanctioning in enforcing restrictions on the affected communities not to perform, as they wish, their cultural and ritual practices for the remains of their ancestors.

Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal
Open Access (free)
Corpse-work in the prehistory of political boundaries
Richard Kernaghan

’s edge – all of which indirectly convey an earlier era when dead bodies were common sights. Here my approach to writing is deliberately ethnographic so as to better trace the shared atmospheric, sensorial qualities of this historical place at a specific moment – the year 2010 – in the aftermath of insurgent law. I dwell on what is at once fleeting and tangible in a mundane present of the Upper Huallaga valley in order to ask how the absent corpses of Shining Path lawmaking circulate still and sometimes come to the fore – if now only as image. The way those dead bodies

in Governing the dead
Open Access (free)
Finn Stepputat

‘transgressive potential’ of human remains by leaving dead bodies to decompose on the road, using them as a crude ‘political pedagogy’ in their attempt to craft new political subjectivities and introduce a new law in the Peruvian Huallaga valley. While the corpses-as-things are long gone, the images and meanings of corpses on the road linger in the post-war era when Kernaghan, through his method of ethnographic writing, seeks to understand how that past time of ‘foul weather’ coexists alongside the more steady weather situation of the present. In particular he is interested in

in Governing the dead
Open Access (free)
Borders, ticking clocks and timelessness among temporary labour migrants in Israel
Robin A. Harper and Hani Zubida

-stage perspective affect the immigrant experience? This intersection of time and migrant status generates dual gender-time-based borders that separate past, present and future. By crossing a political border, time is bracketed and this affects such time-dependent activities as pregnancy, nursing and the menopause. King et al. (2006: 249) observe the generalisation of the universal migrant time experience, writing: that descriptions, analyses and explanations for the migration of ‘people’, by aggregating the very different characteristics, motivations, agencies and relations of

in Migrating borders and moving times
Embodying the disappeared of the Argentinian dictatorship through law
Sévane Garibian

the disappeared – children abducted at the same time as their parents, or born in captivity, then stolen as ‘spoils of war’ (botín de guerra) by the soldiers.25 Later they were given either to members of the armed forces or to civilians, or were legally adopted by families sometimes unaware of their origin (in most cases, the judicial authority approv­ing the adoption had – by contrast – knowledge of the precise facts). At the time of writing, 105 stolen children had been ‘restored’ after recovery of their lost identity. Among them, ten children had had to undergo a

in Human remains and mass violence
Towards atypology of the treatment of corpses of ‘disappeared detainees’ in Argentinafrom 1975 to 1983
Mario Ranalletti

to the roster of judges, but instead retained the existing one, except in the case of the highest courts (the national and provincial supreme courts).51 The incident caused the morgue officials to demand specific instructions in writing, firstly from the head of the institution and then from the top judicial body, the National Criminal and Correctional Appeals Court, over the actions arising in this situation, which were irregular from a procedural point of view. Moreover, the morgue sent similar requests to the highest military authority of the city of Buenos

in Destruction and human remains
Olivier Thomas Kramsch

2008; for a historicisation of this phenomenon, Kramsch 2012). In the wake of recent writing that attempts to reappropriate ‘secrecy’ as a strategy for the Left (Birchall 2011; Phillips 2011), I argue that a streetwise sense of the Wyler borderland teaches us that under the panoptic anxieties of state capitals there lie within the border-as-horizon hidden but interconnected ‘worlds’, surprising yet deeply related singularities that ‘detonate’ our understanding of the border as either completely deterritorialised ‘flow’ or all-seeing and controlling ‘line

in Migrating borders and moving times
Integrative concepts for a criminology of mass violence
Jon Shute

, denial (Verleugnung, also translated as ‘disavowal’) is generally taken to be one of several psychic defence mechanisms by which the ego protects itself against emotionally harmful external realities. It can be distinguished from repression, which is a set of defences against the instinctual demands of the id, but, like repression, is conceived to be a fundamentally unconscious process. Some of Freud’s most extensive but arcane writing on the subject is in the realm of psychosexual development (‘penis envy’ and so forth30), and while the details need not detain us here

in Human remains and mass violence
The disposal of bodies in the 1994 Rwandan genocide
Nigel Eltringham

considered, however, we encounter diversity. While genocide involves concealment of the dead (discursive/didactic potential is exhausted), violent conflict and ‘cultures of terror’ often involve display of the dead (­discursive/didactic potential continues). The problem, though, is that not all contexts conform to this duality; not all cultures of terror involve display and not all genocides only involve concealment. Regarding the didactic use of dead bodies in cultures of terror, María Victoria Uribe, writing on the context of La Violencia in Colombia in the 1950s (in

in Human remains and mass violence
Corpse, bodypolitics and contestation in contemporary Guatemala
Ninna Nyberg Sørensen

videotaped as her body was being mutilated. Her murderers uploaded the video to YouTube, from where it was later removed because of its content. The Suruy daughters, Heidi, Diana and Wendy, aged seven, eight and twelve, were killed with extreme brutality on their way to school in a smaller village of San Lucas Sacatepéquez, their throats cut and their school uniforms messed up. Their killers turned out to be intimately related to the murdered girls. At the time of writing no final verdict has been given.14 Another little girl, only three years old, was raped and killed by

in Governing the dead