A Focus on Community Engagement
Frédéric Le Marcis, Luisa Enria, Sharon Abramowitz, Almudena-Mari Saez and Sylvain Landry B. Faye

had no colonial connection with the Mano River countries (Guinea, Sierra Leone and Liberia). But MSF Belgium’s expertise of Ebola is strongly correlated with the Democratic Republic of Congo, a former Belgium colony and which in 1976 experienced the first Ebola outbreak. 5 Sylvain Landry B. Faye did fieldwork in Mali as well, as part of the WHO response team. 6 A writing seminar entitled Ebola in Comparison was convened at the ENS de Lyon on

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Uses and Misuses of International Humanitarian Law and Humanitarian Principles
Rony Brauman

described as ‘increasingly serious’, culminating – at the time of writing – in systematic attacks on hospitals and other civilian sites in Syria. Similar attacks in Afghanistan, Yemen and South Sudan add to the picture of once respected IHL being trampled. Some offer numbers as evidence, citing the fact that the overwhelming percentage of victims in World War I were soldiers, compared with contemporary armed conflicts, where the proportion is reversed, attesting to the

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
A Model for Historical Reflection in the Humanitarian Sector
Kevin O’Sullivan and Réiseal Ní Chéilleachair

. Equally significantly, they grew in tandem with a rich vein of historical research. Michael Barnett’s Empire of Humanity (2011) broke new ground, and it was followed by diverse new histories of humanitarianism, the development of new partnerships between NGOs and the writing of new histories of humanitarianism in places like Exeter, Galway, Geneva, London, Mainz, Manchester, Milan, Oslo, Ottawa and Sheffield. The result was a growing conversation about humanitarianism’s past and its

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Emmanuelle Strub

dissuasion?’ 1 ) gave me the justification I needed to apply. I ultimately got an interview, after resubmitting my application and calling a few people I knew at MdM. When I started, my job description was as follows: monitor the risks and threats to project teams in countries where MdM was working; provide methodological and technical support for writing, finalising and setting up security-management documents at the missions; monitor the implementation of security analysis and

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
From the Global to the Local
Elena Fiddian-Qasmiyeh

unable to pay its direct contribution to any UNRWA employees due to the funding shortfall. If this is the case, employees will only receive their own savings ( tawfeer ) when they turn sixty, as she and others will no longer be eligible to receive their full compensation ( ta’weed ) upon retirement. While no formal announcement has been made at the time of writing, Palestinians’ fears and mistrust must be situated in the context of their knowledge of UNRWA’s past operational changes over the course of the agency’s multiple financial crises

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Matthew Hunt, Sharon O’Brien, Patrick Cadwell and Dónal P. O’Mathúna

divides of languages but also to allow deeper ethical engagement: an ethics of exchange ( O’Mathúna and Hunt, 2019 ). Writing about the act of translation, Ricoeur articulated the concept of linguistic hospitality as an ‘act of inhabiting the word of the Other, paralleled by the act of receiving the word of the Other into one’s own home, one’s own dwelling’ ( 2007 : xvi). Humanitarian aid entails overcoming distances

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Interpreting Violence on Healthcare in the Early Stage of the South Sudanese Civil War
Xavier Crombé and Joanna Kuper

personnel in Amsterdam and South Sudan, including Chris Lockyear, Raphael Gorgeu and Hosanna Fox, whose support for the Medical Care Under Fire project made this research possible. We are also especially grateful to Caroline Abu Sa’Da and Philippe Calain at the Research Unit on Humanitarian Stakes and Practices (UREPH), MSF-Switzerland for their unwavering support at the time of writing as well as Arjan Hehenkamp and Bertrand

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Overriding politics and injustices
Vilho Amukwaya Shigwedha

In October 2011, twenty skulls of the Herero and Nama people were repatriated from Germany to Namibia. So far, fifty-five skulls and two human skeletons have been repatriated to Namibia and preparations for the return of more skulls from Germany were at an advanced stage at the time of writing this article. Nonetheless, the skulls and skeletons that were returned from Germany in the past have been disappointingly laden with complexities and politics, to such an extent that they have not yet been handed over to their respective communities for mourning and burials. In this context, this article seeks to investigate the practice of ‘anonymising’ the presence of human remains in society by exploring the art and politics of the Namibian state’s memory production and sanctioning in enforcing restrictions on the affected communities not to perform, as they wish, their cultural and ritual practices for the remains of their ancestors.

Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal
Author: Sara De Vido

The book explores the relationship between violence against women on one hand, and the rights to health and reproductive health on the other. It argues that violation of the right to health is a consequence of violence, and that (state) health policies might be a cause of – or create the conditions for – violence against women. It significantly contributes to feminist and international human rights legal scholarship by conceptualising a new ground-breaking idea, violence against women’s health (VAWH), using the Hippocratic paradigm as the backbone of the analysis. The two dimensions of violence at the core of the book – the horizontal, ‘interpersonal’ dimension and the vertical ‘state policies’ dimension – are investigated through around 70 decisions of domestic, regional and international judicial or quasi-judicial bodies (the anamnesis). The concept of VAWH, drawn from the anamnesis, enriches the traditional concept of violence against women with a human rights-based approach to autonomy and a reflection on the pervasiveness of patterns of discrimination (diagnosis). VAWH as theorised in the book allows the reconceptualisation of states’ obligations in an innovative way, by identifying for both dimensions obligations of result, due diligence obligations, and obligations to progressively take steps (treatment). The book eventually asks whether it is not international law itself that is the ultimate cause of VAWH (prognosis).

Open Access (free)
Richard Parrish

. In writing this book I was mindful of Beloff et al.’s warning that ‘any book on sports law carries with it the danger that it will contain little more than information’ (Beloff et al. 1999: 15). I have kept the descriptive passages to what I consider an appropriate and necessary level. In the absence of widespread academic attention on the development of EU sports law and policy, it is important to write a text which pulls together the mass of available information. However, this is not a textbook. Information alone will not advance our understanding of this

in Sports law and policy in the European Union