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Uses and Misuses of International Humanitarian Law and Humanitarian Principles

described as ‘increasingly serious’, culminating – at the time of writing – in systematic attacks on hospitals and other civilian sites in Syria. Similar attacks in Afghanistan, Yemen and South Sudan add to the picture of once respected IHL being trampled. Some offer numbers as evidence, citing the fact that the overwhelming percentage of victims in World War I were soldiers, compared with contemporary armed conflicts, where the proportion is reversed, attesting to the

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
A Focus on Community Engagement

had no colonial connection with the Mano River countries (Guinea, Sierra Leone and Liberia). But MSF Belgium’s expertise of Ebola is strongly correlated with the Democratic Republic of Congo, a former Belgium colony and which in 1976 experienced the first Ebola outbreak. 5 Sylvain Landry B. Faye did fieldwork in Mali as well, as part of the WHO response team. 6 A writing seminar entitled Ebola in Comparison was convened at the ENS de Lyon on

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
A Model for Historical Reflection in the Humanitarian Sector

. Equally significantly, they grew in tandem with a rich vein of historical research. Michael Barnett’s Empire of Humanity (2011) broke new ground, and it was followed by diverse new histories of humanitarianism, the development of new partnerships between NGOs and the writing of new histories of humanitarianism in places like Exeter, Galway, Geneva, London, Mainz, Manchester, Milan, Oslo, Ottawa and Sheffield. The result was a growing conversation about humanitarianism’s past and its

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs

dissuasion?’ 1 ) gave me the justification I needed to apply. I ultimately got an interview, after resubmitting my application and calling a few people I knew at MdM. When I started, my job description was as follows: monitor the risks and threats to project teams in countries where MdM was working; provide methodological and technical support for writing, finalising and setting up security-management documents at the missions; monitor the implementation of security analysis and

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
From the Global to the Local

unable to pay its direct contribution to any UNRWA employees due to the funding shortfall. If this is the case, employees will only receive their own savings ( tawfeer ) when they turn sixty, as she and others will no longer be eligible to receive their full compensation ( ta’weed ) upon retirement. While no formal announcement has been made at the time of writing, Palestinians’ fears and mistrust must be situated in the context of their knowledge of UNRWA’s past operational changes over the course of the agency’s multiple financial crises

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Interpreting Violence on Healthcare in the Early Stage of the South Sudanese Civil War

personnel in Amsterdam and South Sudan, including Chris Lockyear, Raphael Gorgeu and Hosanna Fox, whose support for the Medical Care Under Fire project made this research possible. We are also especially grateful to Caroline Abu Sa’Da and Philippe Calain at the Research Unit on Humanitarian Stakes and Practices (UREPH), MSF-Switzerland for their unwavering support at the time of writing as well as Arjan Hehenkamp and Bertrand

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs

divides of languages but also to allow deeper ethical engagement: an ethics of exchange ( O’Mathúna and Hunt, 2019 ). Writing about the act of translation, Ricoeur articulated the concept of linguistic hospitality as an ‘act of inhabiting the word of the Other, paralleled by the act of receiving the word of the Other into one’s own home, one’s own dwelling’ ( 2007 : xvi). Humanitarian aid entails overcoming distances

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)

EAST TIMOR WAS forcibly incorporated into Indonesia in 1975 and managed, through a confluence of circumstances that was at once remarkable and yet another example of a suppressed people snapping back like bent but unbroken twigs (to use Isaiah Berlin’s phrase), to become independent almost twenty-five years later. Now the territory, poised on the edge of statehood, is undergoing transition, but also flux and confusion. At the time of writing the United Nations Transitional Authority for East Timor (UNTAET) is effectively the Government of

in Human rights and the borders of suffering
Open Access (free)

similar to those experienced in the 1930s, when Germany, surrounded by weaker East European states, experienced a resurgence of nationalism.5 Similarly, writing in 1992 the German historian Michael Stürmer argued that the profound changes brought to Germany’s geostrategic location would signify abrupt changes in German policy and perspectives on the use of force. For Stürmer, like Mearsheimer, the ending of the Cold War would herald a further break in German history, obligating Germany to ‘embrace Longhurst, Germany and the use of force.qxd 30/06/2004 On strategic

in Germany and the use of force
Between international relations and European studies

between in any case, and the few anthologies that do exist (O’Neill 1993; Nelsen and Stubb 1998 ) do not pay any special attention to EU foreign policy. While there is a much greater abundance of theoretical writing in journals, the picture there is the same. Most integration theorists – to the extent to which they study policy-making at all – are concerned with the internal development of the EU rather than with its external

in Rethinking European Union Foreign Policy