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Open Access (free)
M. Anne Brown

EAST TIMOR WAS forcibly incorporated into Indonesia in 1975 and managed, through a confluence of circumstances that was at once remarkable and yet another example of a suppressed people snapping back like bent but unbroken twigs (to use Isaiah Berlin’s phrase), to become independent almost twenty-five years later. Now the territory, poised on the edge of statehood, is undergoing transition, but also flux and confusion. At the time of writing the United Nations Transitional Authority for East Timor (UNTAET) is effectively the Government of

in Human rights and the borders of suffering
Kosovo and the Balkanisation–integration nexus
Peter van Ham

Introduction: writing security Security is among the most debated and contested concepts in the study of international relations (IR). ‘Security’ commands a unique metaphysical and disciplinary power which involves the drawing of imaginary lines, the consolidated resentment of difference ( vis-à-vis the ‘other’), as well as the constitution of self

in Mapping European security after Kosovo
Open Access (free)
Luke Martell

it was one in which they had the most votes. Even with war – that guaranteed vote winner for some countries – George W. Bush remains, at the time of writing, open to defeat by a new Democrat challenger when his term of office ends. 2 Beyond the facts about who holds office, the Third Way has left a legacy which plays its part in defining the theory and politics of the early

in The Third Way and beyond
Maja Zehfuss

Albanians, but that naming already implied taking a position. The inevitability of this positioning is reflected in the need felt by those writing on Kosovo to protest that their usage of the Serb term is merely a matter of practicality and not, as Tim Judah puts it, ‘a secret signal of support for one side’. 17 However, the German Green Party attempted to avoid altogether a political decision inherent in the

in Mapping European security after Kosovo
Open Access (free)
Kerry Longhurst

similar to those experienced in the 1930s, when Germany, surrounded by weaker East European states, experienced a resurgence of nationalism.5 Similarly, writing in 1992 the German historian Michael Stürmer argued that the profound changes brought to Germany’s geostrategic location would signify abrupt changes in German policy and perspectives on the use of force. For Stürmer, like Mearsheimer, the ending of the Cold War would herald a further break in German history, obligating Germany to ‘embrace Longhurst, Germany and the use of force.qxd 30/06/2004 On strategic

in Germany and the use of force
Open Access (free)
Kevin Harrison and Tony Boyd

moral identity – an entirely praiseworthy activity. In the Middle Ages, Saint Augustine, in The City of God (413–27), regarded the state and politics as little more than a regrettable necessity (‘the badge of Man’s lost innocence’) and an instrument of maintaining order. Thomas Aquinas, writing in the thirteenth century, claimed a more positive role for the political activity within the state. That role was the promotion of

in Understanding political ideas and movements
Open Access (free)
Judith Squires

of the feminist writing on public and private has worked to undermine the stability of the dichotomy in that it has uncovered the historical contingency of any distinction between the public and the private, and has drawn attention to the ambiguities arising from the co-existence of several distinct articulations of the distinction within contemporary discourses. However, it is possible that this writing has become

in Political concepts
Ciarán O’Kelly

philosophies of Locke, Voltaire and Rousseau. Article III states that ‘The principle of all sovereignty resides in the Nation. No body or individual may exercise any power other than that expressly emanating from the Nation’. Article III was derived specifically from Rousseau’s writing. 6 There are two ways of thinking about the nation. When the thinkers of the French revolution thought of sovereignty as being vested in

in Political concepts
Open Access (free)
Kevin Harrison and Tony Boyd

Middle Ages. Some nations create states as expressions of political nationhood. For Hastings three elements were especially important in the creation of nationhood. War stimulated a sense of national identity and nationalism. The awareness of a wider linguistic sense of identity, rather than dialect, developed as the consequence of writing and the spread of printing. Finally, religion was especially important. The idea of a

in Understanding political ideas and movements
Armando Barrientos and Martin Powell

Clinton or Blair, is ‘Third Way’ if it says so. This focuses on self-proclamation rather than any ‘third party’ analysis. On the other hand, Giddens, 16 writing before the recent European elections, declared that ‘across the world left of centre governments are attempting to institute Third Way programmes’ – whether or not they favour the term itself. He admitted that in Europe

in The Third Way and beyond