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So what went wrong?
Odette Best

5 Training the ‘natives’ as nurses in Australia: so what went wrong? Odette Best Introduction The story of the Aboriginal women who participated in Australia’s nursing history remains largely untold. In the first six decades of the twentieth century, Aboriginal people were confronted with harsh exclusionary practices that forced them to live in settlements, reserves and missions.1 While many Aboriginal women worked in domestic roles (in white people’s homes and on rural properties), small numbers were trained at public hospitals and some Aboriginal women

in Colonial caring
Hysterical tetanus in the Victorian South Pacific
Daniel Simpson

When the Royal Navy sloop and flagship of the Australia Station HMS Pearl returned to Sydney harbour on 23 August 1875, it brought with it sad and disturbing news. On the journey home, three sailors, including the Station's popular and well-respected commodore, James Graham Goodenough, had died from wounds sustained a fortnight earlier at Nendö Island, part of the Santa Cruz group in the South Pacific Ocean. On 12 August, Goodenough and five members of his crew were shot with reputedly poisonous arrows following an unsuccessful attempt to

in Progress and pathology
Open Access (free)
Narratives of balance and moderation at the limits of human performance
Vanessa Heggie

indigenous people of the tropics, and their study was racially coded, as they were used (and are still used) as ‘proxies’ for earlier stages of human adaptation. Studies of homeostasis, of the natural balance of the human body, were marked by complicated webs of assumptions about racial science, indigenous rights and human evolution. So, for example, early twentieth-century studies of Australian Aboriginal peoples were shaped by concerns about ‘White Australia’; while some thought Aboriginal people would be the victims of racial decline, and eventually ‘die out’, others

in Balancing the self
Open Access (free)
The ‘pathology’ of childhood in late nineteenth-century London
Steven Taylor

. Hillel, Child, Nation, Race and Empire: Child Rescue Discourse, England, Canada and Australia, 1850–1915 (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2010); C. Soares, ‘Neither Waif nor Stray: Home, Family and Belonging in the Victorian Children's Institution, 1881–1914’ (PhD dissertation, University of Manchester, 2014); S. J. Taylor, ‘Insanity, philanthropy and emigration: dealing with insane children in late-nineteenth-century north-West England’, History of Psychiatry , 25:2 (2014), 224–36; S. J. Taylor, ‘Poverty, emigration and family: experiencing childhood

in Progress and pathology
Open Access (free)
Teaching ‘relaxed living’ in post-war Britain
Ayesha Nathoo

University Press, 2015). 99 S. Salmenniemi and M. Vorona, ‘Reading self-help literature in Russia: Governmentality, psychology and subjectivity’, British Journal of Sociology , 65:1 (2014), 43–62. See also Wright, ‘Theorizing therapeutic culture’, arguing for an acknowledgement of the positive and remedial effects of psychology and counselling in mid- to late twentieth-century Australia

in Balancing the self
Open Access (free)
A history of colonial and post-colonial nursing
Editors: Helen Sweet and Sue Hawkins

Colonial Caring covers over a century of colonial nursing by nurses from a wide range of countries including: Denmark, Britain, USA, Holland and Italy; with the colonised countries including South Africa, Australia, New Zealand, Ethiopia, Nigeria, India, Indonesia (Dutch East Indies) and the Danish West Indies. It presents unique perspectives from which to interrogate colonialism and post-colonialism including aspects of race, cultural difference and implications of warfare and politics upon nursing. Viewing nursing’s development under colonial and post-colonial rule reveals different faces of a profession that superficially may appear to be consistent and coherent, yet in reality is constantly reinventing itself. Considering such areas as transnational relationships, class, gender, race and politics, this book aims to present current work in progress within the field, to better understand the complex entanglements in nursing’s development as it was imagined and practised in local imperial, colonial and post-colonial contexts. Taking a chronologically-based structure, early chapters examine nursing in situations of conflict in the post-Crimean period from the Indian Rebellion to the Anglo-Boer War. Recruitment, professionalisation of nursing and of military nursing in particular, are therefore considered before moving deeper into the twentieth century reflecting upon later periods of colonialism in which religion and humanitarianism become more central. Drawing from a wide range of sources from official documents to diaries, memoirs and oral sources, and using a variety of methodologies including qualitative and quantitative approaches, the book represents ground-breaking work.

Christine E. Hallett

Part II Professional women In August 1914, at the outbreak of the First World War, British women volunteered in their thousands to participate in what most people thought would be a short-term conflict with a clear, decisive end. Members of the QAIMNS and its Reserve were among the first to travel to France as part of the British Expeditionary Force (BEF). Nurses of the British Dominions followed, with Canadian, Australian, and New Zealand nurses reaching Europe by late 1914 or early 1915.1 The American Army Nurse Corps was not mobilised until the entry of the

in Nurse Writers of the Great War
Disease, conflict and nursing in the British Empire, 1880–1914
Angharad Fletcher

, Colonel (Sir) William Williams sought her advice on the formation of an Army Nursing Service Reserve (ANSR) that was to be attached 41 Angharad Fletcher to the New South Wales Army Medical Corps (NSWAMC). Three months later, Gould had amassed twenty-six nurses and assumed the post of lady superintendent. On 17 January 1900 she, along with thirteen nursing sisters, left Australia to participate in the Second Boer War (1899–1902), serving at hospitals in Sterkstroom, Kroonstad, Johannesburg and Ermelo, often beside Buller, the Rhodesian ridgeback that had become the

in Colonial caring
South Korea’s development of a hepatitis B vaccine and national prevention strategy focused on newborns
Eun Kyung Choi and Young-Gyung Paik

hepatitis rate in an area where viral hepatitis was endemic. 7 In 1964 Dr Baruch Blumberg, an American geneticist, found a strange protein in the blood of an Australian aborigine while analysing blood samples from around the world. This substance, which became known as the Australia antigen, proved to be a protein from the hepatitis B virus. This discovery made research into viral hepatitis much easier

in The politics of vaccination
Open Access (free)
Contextualising colonial and post-colonial nursing
Helen Sweet and Sue Hawkins

four chapters begin to examine the embedding of Western-style nursing culture into indigenous cultures. These chapters widen our scope beyond the British Empire to include not only Australia and New Zealand, but also the Dutch East Indies and the American colonies of Puerto Rico and the Philippines. Issues such as racism and clashes of culture now come to the fore. The tensions between colonial nurses and their ‘Western’ culture of medicine and the traditional practices of indigenous trainees 3 Helen Sweet and Sue Hawkins and their patients are examined, as are

in Colonial caring