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What does race have to do with the Yugoslav region?

identifications with symbolic histories and geographies of race. They include not only identifications with ‘Europe’ as a space of modernity, civilisation and (critical race studies would insist) whiteness, but also analogies drawn between ‘Balkanness’ and ‘blackness’ in imagined solidarity, as well as the race-blind anti-colonialism of Yugoslav Non-Alignment (which, under Tito, cast the leader of this European country as a model of national liberation for the Global South). The Yugoslav region is increasingly likely to be thought of as ‘post-conflict’ and ‘postsocialist’, the

in Race and the Yugoslav region
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Identities and incitements

agents of colonialism, diverse agendas of empire. 9 On the one hand, the racial mythologies and the homespun lifestyles of colonizers sought to blur such fault lines, often invoking an exclusive time-space of European (and Euro-American) folk. On the other, divisions between different colonialist groups also stood highlighted within everyday representations and quotidian practices in distinct contexts

in Subjects of modernity
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An introduction

follows.) Unraveling orientations: the postcolonial and the subaltern Around four decades ago, Edward Said’s seminal study, Orientalism , crucially underscored the mutual entailments of European colonialism and empire with Western knowledge and power. 10 Of course, long before the appearance of this work there existed several studies of European images

in Subjects of modernity

3 Transnational formations of race before and during Yugoslav state socialism In domains from the history of popular entertainment to that of ethnicity and migration, ideas of race, as well as ethnicity and religion, have demonstrably formed part of how people from the Yugoslav region have understood their place in Europe and the world. The region's history during, and after, the era of direct European colonialism differed from the USA's, France's or Brazil's; but this did not exclude it from the networks of ‘race in translation’ (Stam and

in Race and the Yugoslav region

Europe racialise eastern Europeans as non-white, though in certain contexts they may (Longinović 2011 ; Fox, Moroşanu and Szilassy 2012 ); it also raises the uncomfortable, silenced, necessary question of what else eastern Europeans, identifying with ‘Europe’ and modernity, might be identifying with. Popular music itself, meanwhile, belongs to a history of globalisation structured by the routes and legacies of colonialism and Atlantic slavery (Gilroy 1993 ; Erlmann 1999 ; Radano and Bohlman (eds) 2000 ; Weheliye 2005 ; Lipsitz 2007 ; Denning

in Race and the Yugoslav region
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invite readers to agree, through their moral stance on apartheid, that the effects of territorialised ethnopolitics in Bosnia were similarly illegitimate and deleterious, might more sceptically question whether the separate histories of South African colonialism/apartheid and Balkan nationalism make this an inappropriate comparison, or might view ethnicised Othering in Bosnia as directly equivalent to Western prejudice against racialised minorities. 1 The mode of connection might do even more. The mode of connection might position apartheid in South

in Race and the Yugoslav region
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Time and space

the “pre-political,” Guha rendered this historical subject as completely coeval with and a co-constituent of processes of politics under colonialism. 2 On the other hand, the sensibilities of a recuperative paternalism – alongside the procedures of a somewhat salvage scholarly style – meant that within the project the meanings and motivations of these peoples appeared filtered through the master

in Subjects of modernity
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Antinomies and enticements

insurgent who was not a “pre-political” subject but one entirely coeval with, a contemporary and a constituent of, politics under modern colonialism and colonial modernity. 47 In each case, Indian subalterns engaged and expressed modern processes as subjects of modernity. On the other hand, middle-class nationalism in India, the work of Indian modern subjects who were rather different from their

in Subjects of modernity

occurred at the same time that settler colonialism and Atlantic slavery began, and European trading companies (not only the best known, like the British and Dutch East India Companies, but also those as short-lived as Courland's (Dzenovska 2013 )) were expanding colonial power, a comparative history of empire might ask how far Habsburg or Ottoman imperialisms were informed by the notions fuelling Spanish, Portuguese, British, French, Dutch, Danish or Swedish colonial power overseas. Such questions, essential for decolonial longue-durée perspectives on south-east Europe

in Race and the Yugoslav region
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Entanglements and ambiguities

that from the 1940s to the 1970s transformations within ethnography were influenced by processes of counter-colonialism, decolonization, and other struggles against imperialism and racism. This context shaped emergent critiques of reigning paradigms within the discipline. 44 Here was an interchange between the autonomy and logic governing continuities and changes within disciplinary traditions

in Subjects of modernity