Open Access (free)
Richard Bellamy

, law to be law in any meaningful sense must have certain characteristics to a given degree, much as a ball would not be a ball without a measure of roundness and volume. But just as notions of ‘ballness’ do not tell you per se whether it is a cricket or a rugby ball, so notions of ‘lawness’ or ‘legality’ do not say anything about the purpose or content particular laws might have. Law as such does

in Political concepts
Open Access (free)
Class cultures, the trade unions and the Labour Party
John Callaghan

, contributed ‘nothing’ to wealth production. Pilfering was ‘intrinsic to factory culture’ and seen as legitimate. Long memories of real or imagined grievances hung over ‘many industries’. Though a sense of historical grievance underpinned the Labour Party itself, grievances did not always translate into a political affirmation of working-class interests. The working class was accustomed to being talked down to. Though sports’ mad, it allowed almost all sporting bodies to be run by a self-selecting, allmale, upper and upper-middle-class clique (cricket, racing, rugby union

in Interpreting the Labour Party
Steven Fielding

were sound practical (usually financial) reasons for avoiding activities that did not directly relate to electing Labour representatives. Yet some CLPs in safe Labour areas did try to establish a more lively relationship with voters. Bethnal Green was, however, unusual in having a sports section, which organised a darts league, table tennis competitions and a cricket team – and by the early 1950s even that was ailing.105 At the start of the 1960s, members in Gateshead hoped to make their party more attractive to locals by establishing a club for pensioners, a coffee

in The Labour Governments 1964–70 volume 1