Search results

You are looking at 1 - 10 of 13 items for :

  • Fifth Republic x
  • Manchester International Relations x
Clear All
Open Access (free)
Four Decisive Challenges Confronting Humanitarian Innovation

,000 people in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) as the first-time use of an investigational therapeutic drug ( WHO, 2018b ). Such innovative programmatic responses are now urgently needed for crises requiring the safe transportation of populations under siege from violence or for those communities in peril from the deteriorating physical environment. Organisations such as MSF and UNICEF have well-developed codes of conduct specifically to address innovation within their

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)

electoral pact (the Joint Programme for Government between the PS, PCF and left radicals) for the 1978 elections. Bérégovoy was campaign manager for Mitterrand in the Socialist presidential election victory of 1981, and again in 1988. Under Mitterrand, he was appointed Secretary-General of the President’s Office, the first in the Fifth Republic not to have been a senior civil servant. As Minister of Social Affairs and National

in The politics today companion to West European Politics
Open Access (free)

Socialist) forms government. 5 November 1957 Gaillard (Radical Socialist) forms government. 14 May 1958 Pflimlin (Popular Republican Movement) forms government. The transition to the Fifth Republic and the Algerian issue 2 and 20 March 1956 France recognises independence of Morocco and Tunisia. 13 May 1958 Creation of military

in The politics today companion to West European Politics

Ministers, Papandreou and Özal, to conduct a number of secret negotiations in Davos, Switzerland, in 1988, in which they agreed to avoid hostilities and to pursue confidence-building measures between their two countries. Algerian conflict (1954–62) The Algerian conflict brought about the transition from the French Fourth Republic to the Fifth Republic under de Gaulle, the former leader of the Free French

in The politics today companion to West European Politics
Open Access (free)

religion in Turkey, what has been achieved in this field, and the almost religious zeal – “secular fundamentalism” – in which secularism has been applied in the country: The proclamation of the Republic in 1923 was followed by the abolition of the office of the caliphate in 1924. Other steps were taken in the course of the 1920s and early 1930s towards secularizing the Republic. These included the abolition of the Ministry of Religious Affairs and Pious Foundations, abolition of religious courts, proscription of male religious headgear, namely the

in Turkey: facing a new millennium

of workforce (2000) State form Republic, based on the constitution of 1958 establishing the Fifth French Republic. Following the liberation of France from German occupation in 1944 and a brief provisional government led by General Charles de Gaulle, the Fourth French Republic was founded in 1946. This regime, which proved unstable, was replaced in 1958 by the current one. Current head of state

in The politics today companion to West European Politics

one. Indeed, with 4.8 percent of its GDP going to the army, Greece spends more on defense than any other NATO member. Turkey by comparison allots 4.4 percent of its GDP to defense. Five percent of Greece’s labour force is employed in the military industry, again the highest percentage in NATO. And, Greece clearly means business, declaring that it will go to war should Turkey attempt to mine the Aegean’s continental shelf’s minerals to a depth of 200 meters or attack the Republic of Cyprus. Having stationing troops on the island which, acting as a tripwire, will

in Turkey: facing a new millennium

ours on this side of the border and theirs on the other side.” 13 As for their common Kurdish problem, for decades Turkey and Iraq worked hand in hand imposing restrictions on the Kurds living within their borders (approximately up to one-fifth of the population in each country, altogether around 25 million in Turkey, Iraq, Syria, Iran, and in the republics of the ex-Soviet Union – mainly Armenia – making it, globally, “the largest stateless, self-described nation”). 14 During the 1980s, Iraqi Kurds rebelled against Baghdad while its army was

in Turkey: facing a new millennium

both (e.g. apartheid South Africa, Southern Rhodesia, North Korea, Libya, Iraq, Iran), the sovereign prerogatives of which have been stripped away or significantly curtailed. Failing states with substantial UN peacekeeping and peace-enforcement operations (e.g. Somalia, the Democratic Republic of Congo) occupy a lower-middle tier, while countries administered by the United

in Recognition and Global Politics

are in vain. Apo was born within the borders of the Turkish Republic, he is from Urfa. Arafat was born in Cairo, not in Palestine. His father was of Palestinian origin but lived in the rich quarter of Heliopolis in Cairo. He had sold all his land in Palestine to achieve his ambitions in Egypt. Yassir Arafat has always blamed his father for not leaving him a piece of land in Palestine, but to the outside world he acts as if his father’s land has been occupied by Israel. Abdullah Ocalan never had a problem such as not having land, occupation and exile

in Turkey: facing a new millennium