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Open Access (free)
The historian and the male witch
Lara Apps and Andrew Gow

of the Nazi holocaust in which everyone would agree that the majority of victims were Jewish, but no one would mention anti-Semitism or the history of violent persecution against Jews, thereby implying that it was ‘natural’ for Jews to be victims. Without mention of a tradition of oppression of women,the implication for the sixteenth century is that of course women would be

in Male witches in early modern Europe
So what went wrong?
Odette Best

reasons, but more especially because it will become more difficult to work the north-west stations when there are no more natives to assist.’28 McGregor’s comments here clearly shows that ‘natives’ were heavily utilised to undertake the hard physical work on cattle stations. Indigenous men were mostly used as they were much cheaper for the pastoralists and cattle station owners to employ. In many instance not having to pay Indigenous men equal wages as non-indigenous men doing this type of work was crucial for the successes of this industry. If there was a paucity of

in Colonial caring
Open Access (free)
Yalta farewell; how new a world?
Kjell M. Torbiörn

particular policies followed by individual governments and their experiences of the past. Generally, countries that followed the ‘shock MUP_Torbion_05_Ch5 77 22/9/03, 12:38 pm 78 Destination Europe therapy’ method – rapid (and fair) privatisation of state-owned industry and agriculture, a check on inflation through sparse money supply and clear legislation for economic life – fared better. Proximity to prosperous Western Europe, favouring Central Europe and the Baltic states in particular, also played a role, as did the extent of time the countries had been under

in Destination Europe
Open Access (free)
Robert Mackay

would be marked by little less than a holocaust. What would happen next was the big question and on this there was less uniformity of view among the planners. An important influence was the experience of the First World War. Zeppelin raids on the Midlands in January 1916 had caused much public nervousness and the raids on the East End of London towards the end of 1917 had brought signs of panic among residents – ‘trekking’ out of the area and reluctance to leave the safety of the Underground railway. A report made by a Home Office sub-committee in 1924 reiterated the

in Half the battle
Open Access (free)
James E. Connolly

experience of occupation has shifted from a particular focus on resistance to attempts to document and explain the full spectrum of French behaviours and ideologies, notably collaboration, complicity in the Holocaust, and ‘accommodation’.2 This book is similarly concerned with providing an insight into different forms of French conduct under occupation. It seeks to consider the complex reality of occupied life in the Nord in 1914–​18, but especially the way in which the occupied Nordistes (henceforth referred to as occupés) perceived and understood their experience. The

in The experience of occupation in the Nord, 1914– 18
Open Access (free)
Johan Östling

the Lisbon Strategy, which defined as a target that the EU would become the most competitive knowledge-based economy in the world. At the same time, new ideas were introduced for how the authorities and the public sector should be governed more efficiently. Inspired by the market solutions of private industry, New Public Management (NPM) became an umbrella term for management by objectives (MBO), decentralisation, putting out to tender, and follow-ups through quantitative evaluation. Eventually, the new management philosophy became a reality in German universities

in Humboldt and the modern German university
Robert Mackay

2 War experienced: September 1939–May 1941 T HE HOLOCAUST did not happen. Although air raid sirens sounded in London within minutes of the expiry of Britain’s ultimatum to Germany, it proved a false alarm. And the falseness of the alarm persisted. For a full eight months, until the AngloFrench expedition to Norway, apart from isolated engagements at sea, both sides held their fire. No massed flights of German bombers appeared above Britain’s cities to batter the citizens into submission. The ‘Phoney War’, as it was called, was a big anti-climax, an absolute

in Half the battle
Open Access (free)
Nicholas Atkin

values; the Catholic Church was to be restored to a privileged position; peasants were encouraged to return to their farms; women were to give up work to take up their rightful positions as mothers and housewives; industry 2499 Chap2 7/4/03 2:42 pm Page 65 Refugees 65 and agriculture were to be reorganised along corporatist lines; and the administration of France would mirror that of the ancien régime. These projects quickly came to naught, undermined by ministerial instability at Vichy, ideological inconsistency, rival projects based on technocratic values, the

in The forgotten French