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Time and space in family migrant networks between Kosovo and western Europe

6 New pasts, presents and futures: time and space in family migrant networks between Kosovo and western Europe Carolin Leutloff-Grandits For many families in Kosovo, migration is an integral part of life. This is true even if they do not themselves migrate but, rather, seem ‘stuck’ in a village such as the one in south Kosovo where I conducted fieldwork between 2011 and 2013.1 In fact, in this village, and throughout almost all of Kosovo, there is what one might term a ‘culture’ of migration. Every person has close family members who are living or have lived

in Migrating borders and moving times
The disposal of bodies in the 1994 Rwandan genocide

8 Display, concealment and ‘culture’: the disposal of bodies in the 1994 Rwandan genocide Nigel Eltringham Introduction In their ethnography of violent conflict, ‘cultures of terror’ 1 and genocide, anthropologists have recognized that violence is discursive. The victim’s body is a key vehicle of that discourse. In contexts of inter-ethnic violence, for example, ante-mortem degradation and/or post-mortem mutilation are employed to transform the victim’s body into a representative example of the ethnic category, the manipulation of the body enabling the

in Human remains and mass violence
Open Access (free)
A war of extermination, grave looting, and culture wars in the American West

1 Bitter legacies: a war of extermination, grave looting, and culture wars in the American West1 Tony Platt And so they are ever returning to us, the dead. (W. G. Sebald, 1993) I don’t think we ought to focus on the past. (Ronald Reagan, Bitburg Cemetery, 1985) Let not your sorrow die, though I am dead. (Shakespeare, Titus Andronicus) In 2012, the ‘Corpses of mass violence and genocide’ annual conference turned a critical eye on agents of injustice and asked, what do practices of mass destruction tell us about larger political, social, and cultural issues

in Human remains and identification
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Crossing borders, changing times

East and West Europe, as well as the hierarchical ranking of individual actors and nation-states which ‘East’ and ‘West’ ‘contain’. This hierarchical relationship and its recent transformations are themes that preoccupy a number of our contributors whose ‘Eastern’ case material shares the wider historical and political temporal borderings and reborderings outlined below. With the Enlightenment, local, cyclical and biblical ideas of Western time gave way to linear and progressive time. According to Nisbet (1980), this involved tenets that are naturalised today. First

in Migrating borders and moving times
The status of bodies in the aftermath of the Khmer Rouge genocide

fundamental to our understanding of post-genocide Cambodian society, and in particular rural Khmer society, which has been largely neglected since ethnological studies slowly started again in the 1990s. HRMV.indb 146 01/09/2014 17:28:41 The Khmer Rouge genocide  147 From the suffering body to scars on the landscape: an ethnography of the traces of the genocide When, in 2007, I began a programme of ethnographic research into the traces of the Khmer Rouge genocide in a village in western Cambodia, the ‘body’ that I imagined I would be studying would be of the sort

in Human remains and mass violence

contamination and sacrificial cleansing; and regeneration and redemption via violence and transgression. These atavistic irrationalities, as opposed to the common and symptomatic mentality of political modernity advocated by the biopolitical approach, were completely historically contingent, budding and flourishing in certain political cultures while being weeded out in others. The biopolitical approach, it may be argued, explains why genocide can take place, yet it does not answer why it usually does not. This also sheds some light on ontological biopolitics’ insistence on a

in Human remains and mass violence

historians consider their task completed once the persecuted individuals have perished. Yet the disposal of bodies in cases of genocide is more than just a field where further research is required; even more important is that the treatment of the dead reveals a great deal about the perpetrators, how they saw themselves, and the approach to and nature of their violence. HRMV.indb 106 01/09/2014 17:28:38 An ethnicized civil war: Croatia  107 The episode described above, which is likely to have occurred in summer 1941 in western Croatia, provides an initial illustration of

in Human remains and mass violence

grounded in the rhythms that relocate the polity border. ‘Border’ here is thus shown to be less a line that is fixed and given, than a set of lines that can disappear, reappear, shift and take on different shapes (see Green 2011, 2012). ‘Borderwork’ The Himarë/Himara municipality stretches along the southern Albanian coast and lies 60 km away from the Albanian–Greek border to the south. The Malet e Vetëtimë (‘Thunderbolt Mountains’) enclose the area on its northern and north-eastern sides. The area opens up on its south-western side with the mountain of Çika and descends

in Migrating borders and moving times
Ideology, physical destruction, and memory

culture ethnic affiliation is patrilineal (ethnicity is ‘transmitted’ by the father). In the case of families where the father was a Tutsi, only the Hutu mother could hope to survive. Some women in this situation killed their own children, the latter now considered as ‘children of the enemy’. Conversely, many Hutu husbands were forced to kill their Tutsi wives by the militias in order to save their children. Nicknamed ‘Hutsi’, the latter have subsequently been torn by their dual status as the children of killers and the children of victims of the genocide.16 In some

in Destruction and human remains
Open Access (free)
Why exhume? Why identify?

to carry much more meaning than their speakers at first seem to attribute. The specifically ethical issues raised by research on the fate of the victims of mass violence could also be articulated, although all the professionals involved in this research are in direct contact with human remains. For if handling such remains within cultural and research institutions is now largely framed by laws or administrative procedures in most Western countries, large-scale exhumations are still conducted that generate a set of unprecedented practices 8   Élisabeth Anstett and

in Human remains and identification