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with a basic consensus on American exceptionality that previously united American elites. It is possible to list the main premises synthetically, without necessarily following the order of their presentation in the strategy: the international system is a space of permanent competition for power between sovereign states, which are responsible for the construction of a peaceful world order; the world is made up of strong, independent and sovereign nations, with their own cultures, values, ideas and dreams; American values are not universal and, though

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Governing Precarity through Adaptive Design

victims. For a couple of decades it was successful in publicly challenging Western foreign policy in Africa, Latin America and Southeast Asia ( Duffield, 2007 : 51–4). Having once exercised a moral leadership, however, after a long struggle against donor absorption and UN control, an international direct humanitarian engagement finally yielded amid the horrors of Iraq and Syria. The War on Terror imposed limitations. Compared to the 1970s and 1980s, humanitarian agencies found their political room for manoeuvre significantly restricted ( BOND, 2003 ). At

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Digital Bodies, Data and Gifts

representatives, designers, data scientists, tech entrepreneurs and experts in cybersecurity, intellectual property and data-protection law) with differing priorities, values and skillsets, and consequently different approaches to datafication. In the context of fashion, Wissinger (2018: 779) notes that her interviews reveal that ‘a laissez-faire culture is the environment in which wearable biotech is being developed and will be deployed’. She suggests that

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs

specifically, the willingness of leaders, even those in supposedly liberal democratic states, such as the US, UK and Italy, to lie to the public or disregard evidence. Donald Trump is, of course, the most famous example of this phenomenon. According to the Washington Post fact checkers, in his first 600 days in office, President Trump made 5,001 false or misleading claims ( Washington Post , 2018 ). This disregard for facts is said to have contributed to a wider ‘post-truth’ political landscape in the US – that is, a culture in which empirical

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Staff Security and Civilian Protection in the Humanitarian Sector

humanitarian project that is centrally defined both by the idea of equality and by the idea of charity for distant others ( Fassin, 2012 ; Harrell-Bond, 2002 ). The article focuses on the work of the larger Western-based and civilian humanitarian actors – including UN agencies and international non-governmental organisations that are guided by the principles of humanity and impartiality. Such actors are not homogenous, and staff-security and civilian-protection practices vary

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
The past as prologue

all former incarnations of the German State, the profound rupture brought by the Second World War, followed by the Western-sponsored rearmament of West Germany point to a highly fractured backdrop to current security policy. This book argues that in the protracted phase of West German rearmament, which stretched from 1949 to 1956, a fresh strategic culture was actively constructed. This strategic culture emerged out of the intense collective physical and moral trauma in West Germany, manifest in the notion of Stunde Null, or ‘zero hour’, combined with the

in Germany and the use of force
Open Access (free)
Germany, the use of force and the power of strategic culture

Longhurst, Germany and the use of force.qxd 30/06/2004 16:25 Page 137 7 Conclusions: Germany, the use of force and the power of strategic culture German perspectives on the use of force have evolved rapidly since the ending of the Cold War and today Germany is one of the key contributors to global peacekeeping missions, with an estimated 10,000 Bundeswehr soldiers currently deployed overseas. Seen in this way, Germany has become a ‘net contributor’ to European and international security. Certainly, taboos have been broken and in many ways Germany has

in Germany and the use of force

likened to West Germany’s geopolitical situation, he was able to put more boldly the offer of a West German contribution to the defence of Western Europe, together with demands to end the occupation of the Federal Republic as a quid pro quo. On 29 August 1950 Adenauer Longhurst, Germany and the use of force.qxd 30/06/2004 Stunde Null and West German strategic culture 16:25 Page 31 31 presented two memoranda to the Allied High Commission: one on the security of the Federal area, internally and externally; and another on questions relating to new structures for the

in Germany and the use of force
Open Access (free)

theoretical work may still echo the ‘problems’ posed by ‘pacification’ of colonised peoples within empire. As Ashis Nandy, writing of India, suggests, colonialism tended to absolutise ‘the relative difference between cultures’. One ‘could not be both Western and Indian’ – for the purposes of colonialism, one was constructed as the antithesis of the other (1983: 73, 71). At the same time, the clash between belief in universality and the confrontation with difference could be (and frequently was) resolved through an ascending scale of achievement, with modern Western

in Human rights and the borders of suffering
Open Access (free)

As Dogu Ergil writes, the disconnection of the Turkish society from its past allowed the ruling elite to see the people as an entity ready to be molded according to their vision of what society and the nation should be. 2 Accordingly, separation from culture of the past was not confined to religious practices. In the pursuit for the unique Turkish nationalism ( Milliyetcilik ), different from the cultures and civilization in its proximity, Turkey severed ties with basic features of the Arab, Persian and Islamic worlds, emphasizing instead the modern and Western

in Turkey: facing a new millennium