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  • Manchester Security, Conflict & Peace x
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Tami Amanda Jacoby

military and obstacles to their career advancement have been a serious concern for the Israeli feminist movement. Galia Golan, a veteran Israeli feminist, academic and peace activist, has argued that ‘the military stands as the quintessence of a patriarchal institution reinforcing the stereotypical role of woman as subordinate, subservient and superfluous’ ( 1997 : 115). One of the major issues in women’s service

in Redefining security in the Middle East
Open Access (free)
Surveillance and transgender bodies in a post-9/ 11 era of neoliberalism
Christine Quinan

policing, surveillance, and control? To approach these questions, I take a multidisciplinary approach, analysing a recent novel entitled Drag King Dreams , written by transgender activist and author Leslie Feinberg (1949–2014), alongside an examination of a number of recent legal and policy-level changes that recognise more than two genders or that gender is not a fixed condition. At least nine countries

in Security/ Mobility
Constructing security in historical perspective
Jonathan B. Isacoff

more than one sense the story [of Moshe Sharett’s struggles with David Ben-Gurion] is also a history of the moderate camp in the Yishuv and Israel Labour movement, of the compromise reached between the moderates and the activist hard-liners, and of their respective contributions to the establishment and well-being of the Jewish state. ( Sheffer, 1996 : 2

in Redefining security in the Middle East
A veiled threat
Thomas J. Butko

readiness to back the Islamic cause. 26 Within two years of the outbreak of the intifada , Hamas achieved some spectacular gains in terms of its support within Palestinian society. 27 While backing for Hamas steadily rose during this period, no one event garnered Hamas as much sympathy and support as the Israeli deportation of 418 ‘suspected’ Islamic activists in December 1992. 28 The media

in Redefining security in the Middle East
Alexis Heraclides and Ada Dialla

non-intervention, and the only sanctions he could accept were ‘the power of opinion and moral force’. 78 His condemnation of intervention had as its primary target British foreign policy under the sway of Palmerston, whose interventionism, according to Cobden, was against the interests of the British people. 79 The fact that the ‘international man’ was also a pacifist activist 80 made his absolute principle of non-intervention more convincing. 81 Moreover, Cobden

in Humanitarian intervention in the long nineteenth century
Just war and against tyranny
Alexis Heraclides and Ada Dialla

mystery. The most likely authors are two distinguished personalities of the time, Hubert Languet, a French lawyer and diplomat, and Philippe de Mornay (known as Duplessis-Mornay), a French theologian and activist (the two were close friends). 48 The work was mainly known in Europe for its ‘resistance theory’, and the doctrine of tyrannicide 49 and republicanism as popular sovereignty. 50 Other notable works in this tradition were the anonymous pamphlet

in Humanitarian intervention in the long nineteenth century
Open Access (free)
Reflections in a distorting mirror
Christoph Zürcher

-governmental organisations provide help, gather information or sponsor developments they think desirable. They act locally, but they use the resources of their international sponsors. Newsmakers and image distributors bring the war, as soon as it becomes an ‘event’, to the attention of audiences all over the world. And then journalists, international relief organisations, human rights activists, press officers and

in Mapping European security after Kosovo
Israel and a Palestinian state
Lenore G. Martin

forces. Before the breakdown of the peace process in 2000–1 there was much speculation concerning widespread importation of mainly small arms weaponry into the West Bank and Gaza, and these suspicions increased with the outbreak of the second intifada . 50 It is also possible that the Palestinian activists of the second intifada will gain some tangible support from other militant opponents of

in Redefining security in the Middle East
A dialogue with Islam as a pattern of conflict resolution and a security approach vis-à-vis Islamism
Bassam Tibi

theological) Islamic understanding, jihad is a war of irregulars against the infidels. This understanding is currently gaining topicality for determining ‘Islam’ and ‘war’ (see Tibi, 1996 ; Kelsay, 1993 : chapter 5 ). Any security concept for combating fundamentalism should guard against equating the political activists of these new tendencies with Islam itself. It cannot be

in Redefining security in the Middle East
Between humanitarianism and pragmatism
Alexis Heraclides and Ada Dialla

official goals of the great powers and hoped that, in the future, the two parts of Bulgaria would be united (an aspiration which in fact came about). 41 The overall Russian aim was to bring about great power pressure for Ottoman reforms that would defuse the situation. Alexander, Miliutin, Reutern (the Economics Minister) and Gorchakov were averse to war and regarded the Bulgarian and other uprisings of Slavic peoples in the Balkans with deep suspicion, viewing the activists

in Humanitarian intervention in the long nineteenth century