Credibility, dirigisme and globalisation
Ben Clift

4 The political economy of French social democratic economic policy autonomy 1997–2002: credibility, dirigisme and globalisation Ben Clift Introduction: the crisis of social democracy The U-turn of French Socialism in 1983 saw a retreat from egalitarian redistribution, full employment and social justice as the priorities of economic policy. A prolonged period of ideological and programmatic flux ensued. The manifest failure of a decade of Socialist Government to make any impression on the soaring unemployment figures was devastating. This, acting in tandem with

in In search of social democracy
Editors’ Introduction
Tanja R. Müller and Gemma Sou

underlying ideology but in light of what it may mean to actual beneficiaries. After all, while ‘pure’ humanitarian principles and the autonomy of the humanitarian sector were always a myth, they served an important purpose: in the words of Scott-Smith (2016: 2241) , they helped to ‘distinguish the value-driven sphere of humanitarianism from the interest-driven spheres of politics and profit’. In this special issue on Innovation in Humanitarian Action, we look at innovation from a range of angles

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
David Rieff

donor governments has at least generally come with certain stipulations about human rights and relative autonomy for international relief NGOs in the field. The Chinese have no such agenda, and governments in the Global South have come to understand this perfectly. In short, there is no need to apply to Washington or Brussels when making the same application to Beijing comes at a considerably lower cost in terms of what has to be conceded vis-à-vis humanitarian access, let alone human rights guarantees. The advent of a multipolar world poses an

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Governing Precarity through Adaptive Design
Mark Duffield

. Having devoured, since the 1970s, the last areas of economic and institutional autonomy still outside of itself ( Sloterdijk, 2013 ), other than profitably recycle the precarity it now produces in abundance, so to speak, late-capitalism has no other future. Incorporating the Wired Slum For decades, the global South’s huge informal economies have dwarfed conventional economic activity ( Dunaway, 2014 ). Enabled by connectivity, the long downturn has encouraged late-capitalism to move beyond the South’s enclaves and the special economic zones

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Matthew Hunt, Sharon O’Brien, Patrick Cadwell and Dónal P. O’Mathúna

beneficiaries in the management of relief aid’ (Article 7). Accurate communication respects people’s autonomy and promotes informed decision-making. Foreign-language skills are often better among those with higher incomes and greater access to education, and therefore adequate translation services can prevent pre-existing discrimination or inequalities from further excluding some members of affected communities. 7 Justice supports the provision of

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Digital Bodies, Data and Gifts
Kristin Bergtora Sandvik

recognise the structural differences in context, I suggest these insights are crucial for understanding the making of humanitarian wearables. Carving Out the Digital Body In the wearable-technology literature, key critical questions include how such technology can augment the human body, how it affects the relationship to oneself and others, and whether wearable technology can promote human autonomy when it is locked into commercial and power relationships in which the users’ best

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Learning from the case of Kosovo
Jenny H. Peterson

’s peacekeeping force (KFOR) received its mandate from UNSC Resolution 1244 as well as a Military Technical Agreement signed with the former Yugoslavian regime. They cooperated closely with the civilian arm of the UN trusteeship, UNMIK, whose 81 4062 building a peace economy_2652Prelims 25/11/2013 15:06 Page 82 Building a peace economy? mandate also came from UNSC Resolution 1244. The resolution had two basic tenets: first, a commitment to the territorial integrity of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and secondly the creation of substantial autonomy and self

in Building a peace economy?
Managing the criminal facets of war economies
Jenny H. Peterson

conflict itself and in the post- conflict phase. As with other sectors of Kosovan society, the judiciary enjoyed a fair amount of independence from the national government. In 1969, alterations to the Serbian constitution granted Kosovo its own Supreme Court, although Yugoslav legal codes continued to be used. On the security side, there was also a fair amount of freedom throughout the 1960s and early 1970s (Caygill, 2001; Vickers, 1994). Both of these trends were reversed with the revocation of autonomy in the late 1980s and as with other public services in Kosovo

in Building a peace economy?
The nature of the development-security industry
Jenny H. Peterson

constrained by the ideational categories they have inherited from within their own societies and through which they make sense of the world . . . the pre-existence of these ordering mechanisms does not strip the individual of autonomy; for, in recognizing and acting within these constraints, individuals are reproducing them and hence retain the possibility of changing them. (Dodge, 2010: 1271–1272) Therefore, it is important to recognise as we move through forthcoming analyses that whilst ideologically liberal foundations tend to drive actors within the DSI towards a more

in Building a peace economy?
Open Access (free)
Liberal reform and the creation of new conflict economies
Jenny H. Peterson

of its coinage from silver mines at Artana/Novo Brdo’ (KTA/UNMIK, 2005: 2). In the 1930s, Seltrust, a British company, helped create modern mining around Mitrovica and in turn, during the Second World War, allied forces used batteries produced at Trepça (KTA/UNMIK, 2005). In relation to the most recent conflict over Trepça, the revocation of autonomy at the end of the 1980s and the subsequent transfer of assets to Serbian interests also involves several international actors. Assets transferred to Serbia were in turn sold to 131 4062 building a peace economy_2652

in Building a peace economy?