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Grassroots exceptionalism in humanitarian memoir

-systematically. Even as humanitarian authority presupposes structured reasoning and methodical organisation, its mandate is still viewed through the lens of personal impulse and independence. Improvising in the midst of chaos, testing the limits of one’s endurance and ingenuity, following gut instinct even or especially when it flouts the rules: these are the core stories that acquaint the industry with its

in Global humanitarianism and media culture

of Irish money remained within Ireland and ‘establish a financial centre for their interests’. 43 At a later date, Ernest Blythe would describe the rationale behind its foundation as a means to prevent ‘the national struggle from being turned into a land war’. 44 However, the co-operative structure applied to this banking institution demonstrated a serious level of commitment to the pursuit of co-operative principles beyond idle talk. The Dáil appointed Lionel Smith-Gordon as the bank's managing director. Born in England and educated at Eton

in Civilising rural Ireland
Open Access (free)

societies played a central role in the organisation of rural work even if this occurred outside the official circuits of power. The ability of the movement to exert influence within the governmental structures of the Irish Free State reveals the significance attached to tracking the development of interstitial movements and ideologies in a larger process of nation-state building. The co-operative movement's evolution in Ireland demonstrated long social and cultural continuities. The establishment of the IAOS in the late nineteenth century led to a

in Civilising rural Ireland
Open Access (free)

actively blocked. Migrants were economic agents, whether as labourers, consumers or traders. Bearing and exchanging goods, however conceived, involved exchanging values, especially when exchanges have been in inter-​cultural contexts. The impact of early modern trade can be no less evident than in the example of inter-​ continental dispersion and circulation of species of flora and fauna stimulated by colonialism. But, then again the length and strength of the chains of connection that finance lubricated –​even before the rise of Italian banking –​is surprising

in Debating civilisations
New polity dynamics

growth, prescribing all those initiatives where priority is given either de facto or by choice of policy. Thus EMU and the introduction of the Euro on 1 January 1999 within the European banking system (for public use since January 2002), together with accompanying and/or supportive measures such as the Stability and Growth Pact (SGP), and the Action Plan endorsed in Amsterdam (emphasising rule simplification and the consolidation of the single market programme).21 Competition rules were to be simplified and surveillance and enforcement structures modernised in

in Theory and reform in the European Union
Open Access (free)
War economies, peace economies and transformation

banking systems and communications technology. These processes and relationships point to the complex and globally integrated nature of war economies, challenging images of war economies as simply being the direct economic transactions between combatants and traders within a given conflict zone – a complexity that will be further considered throughout this book. Conceptualising a peace economy and transformation At this point, it is useful to consider how a war economy can be distinguished from its natural antonym – a peace economy. In the most basic sense, the two can

in Building a peace economy?

structure … an exploitation which had been carried forward into the first half of the post-independence period’. Not until Ireland became an enthusiastic supporter of the European Community in the 1970s did this dependency start to recede. 6 The impact of nationalism, Catholicism and anti-intellectualism also counted as defining characteristics of government in Ireland. 7 However, co-operative ideas, developed through systematic economic experimentation aligned to a network of societies, also defined Irish social and political life. Co

in Civilising rural Ireland
DSI approaches and behaviours

privatisation, a process which has been pushed through despite serious concerns over legality, political impacts locally and regionally and potentially sowing the seeds for future conflict. Both of these processes limit positive transformation – with the former facilitating the growth of new conflict economies, and the latter creating structures which favour already powerful actors, while pushing others further towards the informal and illicit economies. However, what was found in this research is that while there were indeed cases where the DSI favoured processes which

in Building a peace economy?
Imaginaries, power, connected worlds

transactions between civilisations are, on the whole, deeper than many of the major accounts in comparative sociology and world history have suggested. It is contended here that civilisations are made meaningful at points of intersection. Processes of creation of structures, beliefs, modes of learning, identities and forms of belonging gain impetus in the rhythms and tempos of interaction instituted by imaginaries. This is not to suggest that primarily endogenous modalities of life have no influence, but rather that those modalities are animated by cross-​fertilisation and

in Debating civilisations
Current policy options and issues

in Latin America and Central Asia. While illustrating limited degrees of success, statistical evidence requires us to remain sceptical of the DSI’s effectiveness in this field. Reports on the growth of the opium trade in Afghanistan point to the inability of the NATO coalition to eradicate this fundamental structure of Afghanistan’s war economy; while there are reports of overall reductions in some parts of the country, many areas, including those with the greatest levels of violence, continue to register high or even increased levels of production. Reports from

in Building a peace economy?