David Rieff

European cities in which its operational centres are based, and will the International Rescue Committee move from its New York headquarters to Dakar, Jakarta or Quito? At the moment, the answer of most major relief groups is implied by their stasis: no. But some measure of devolution appears necessary if they are to retain legitimacy. The gravest political challenge NGOs face lies not in what is going on in the Global South but rather what is going on at home in the Global North, particularly in Europe. If humanitarian certainties have been upended, it

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Editor’s Introduction
Michaël Neuman, Fernando Espada and Róisín Read

encountered by teams on the ground. As Champy argues ( Champy, 2018: 17 ), ‘when action is required in highly singular and complex situations, common solutions that can be automatically inferred from routines, rules or scientific knowledge, might lead to mistakes and damages. Indeed, the singularity of the situation may imply that… the situation does not allow for a high degree of certainty’. In such situations, transmission of knowledge between peers is critical. The first two articles of this issue

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Author: Sara De Vido

The book explores the relationship between violence against women on one hand, and the rights to health and reproductive health on the other. It argues that violation of the right to health is a consequence of violence, and that (state) health policies might be a cause of – or create the conditions for – violence against women. It significantly contributes to feminist and international human rights legal scholarship by conceptualising a new ground-breaking idea, violence against women’s health (VAWH), using the Hippocratic paradigm as the backbone of the analysis. The two dimensions of violence at the core of the book – the horizontal, ‘interpersonal’ dimension and the vertical ‘state policies’ dimension – are investigated through around 70 decisions of domestic, regional and international judicial or quasi-judicial bodies (the anamnesis). The concept of VAWH, drawn from the anamnesis, enriches the traditional concept of violence against women with a human rights-based approach to autonomy and a reflection on the pervasiveness of patterns of discrimination (diagnosis). VAWH as theorised in the book allows the reconceptualisation of states’ obligations in an innovative way, by identifying for both dimensions obligations of result, due diligence obligations, and obligations to progressively take steps (treatment). The book eventually asks whether it is not international law itself that is the ultimate cause of VAWH (prognosis).

Richard Parrish

researcher to judge with greater, although not total, certainty the future direction in which EU sports law and policy will develop. The methodology has asserted the need for subsystem analysis. By identifying actors and their belief systems and the institutional resources available to them, the researcher can better understand coalition strategy and the chances of strategic success. The Single Market coalition and the socio-cultural coalition are relatively evenly matched in terms of institutional resources. The socio-cultural coalition is however hampered by the

in Sports law and policy in the European Union
Richard Parrish

territories approach. The Commission hopes that this approach will add more legal certainty to what is a relatively new area of Commission activity. This chapter explores these issues in six sections. The first section reviews EU competition law, concentrating in particular on restrictive practices and abuses of dominant positions in the Single Market. The second section Sport and EU competition law 111 examines the generic relationship between sport and competition law. Should sports rules fall within the scope of competition law? Sections three, four and five analyse

in Sports law and policy in the European Union
Open Access (free)
A conceptualisation of violence against women’s health (VAWH)
Sara De Vido

necessitate a positive regulatory environment which will produce the legal certainty providing the right to choose with effectiveness. Without such legal certainty there is fear and secrecy, and in the present context this may result in fatal consequences for mother and child.183 I argue that denying home birth might amount to a form of VAWH, especially when the woman prefers home birth in order to avoid a repetition of mistreatment or unconsented practices in hospitals that she experienced on a previous occasion. From a legal point of view, this is a violation of the

in Violence against women’s health in international law
Open Access (free)
The narrative
Sara De Vido

surrounded in an aura of mystery. As stressed by Edelstein, ‘the belief has been current that none of the so-called Hippocratic writings could be ascribed with any certainty to Hippocrates himself.’68 The Corpus Hippocraticum refers to 58 writings which introduced both a theory of disease and a complete description of diagnostics and treatment (‘On Fistulas,’ ‘On Fractures,’ ‘On Injuries of the Head,’ ‘The Book of Prognostics,’ etc.).69 Greek medicine differed from previous practices in its search for the true causes of health. Empirical observation was therefore necessary

in Violence against women’s health in international law
Richard Parrish

further issue of why the content of EU sports policy has been dominated by the development of sport law? The short answer is that sports law has emerged as a tactic to enable the EU’s competing policy has objectives for sport to co-exist. In the absence of guiding legislation, sports law provides stability and the necessary legal certainty for the EU to continue to pursue a regulatory interest in sport without undermining its socio-cultural policy objectives for sport. It is argued below that policy analysis can be employed as a tool for theoretically strengthening the

in Sports law and policy in the European Union