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David Rieff

European cities in which its operational centres are based, and will the International Rescue Committee move from its New York headquarters to Dakar, Jakarta or Quito? At the moment, the answer of most major relief groups is implied by their stasis: no. But some measure of devolution appears necessary if they are to retain legitimacy. The gravest political challenge NGOs face lies not in what is going on in the Global South but rather what is going on at home in the Global North, particularly in Europe. If humanitarian certainties have been upended, it

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Editor’s Introduction
Michaël Neuman, Fernando Espada and Róisín Read

encountered by teams on the ground. As Champy argues ( Champy, 2018: 17 ), ‘when action is required in highly singular and complex situations, common solutions that can be automatically inferred from routines, rules or scientific knowledge, might lead to mistakes and damages. Indeed, the singularity of the situation may imply that… the situation does not allow for a high degree of certainty’. In such situations, transmission of knowledge between peers is critical. The first two articles of this issue

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
America and Trump in the Asia Pacific
Ketan Patel and Christian Hansmeyer

competitors such as China and India, who are both rising to world power status. Striking bilateral trade deals in Asia will of course have a positive impact on the US economy and more importantly its financial markets; other markets may stabilise and rise too given the certainty they expect. However, this would be a false victory given the likely longer-term shift in the relationship between the United States and China. In addition, if these deals are accompanied by a longer-term withdrawal of US leadership in the region, the net benefits of such deals are a strong negative

in The United States in the Indo-Pacific
Deepening ties and securitising cyberspace
Maryanne Kelton and Zac Rogers

Incongruous with an alliance whose stated goals for decades have centred on the certainty brought about by a public commitment to rule-making in international relations, the cyber age to which Obama was inducted, and Australia has followed, permitted no such certainty. Obama’s introduction to America’s cyberwar began before he was even sworn in as president. The growth and strategic evolution of American cyber power subsequently advanced more aggressively and rapidly than at any time prior. Shortly after winning the presidential election in November 2008, Obama was

in The United States in the Indo-Pacific
Journalism practice, risk and humanitarian communication
Jairo Lugo-Ocando and Gabriel Andrade

power and certainty that articulates in its news narratives and adopt instead a view of ‘shared risk’ in which people embrace equally concerns about a common future, therefore calling into play the principle of average utility. 9 Our thesis is that by doing this, ‘risk’ could be journalistically narrativised as a more rational process in our daily lives rather than just be assumed in terms of

in Global humanitarianism and media culture
Open Access (free)
A bounded security role in a greater Europe
Simon Serfaty

countries. Tim McDaniel has described this idea as the certainty that Russia has a distinctive cultural and historical tradition that sets it apart from the rest of Europe and guarantees its future as a great power.23 Not surprisingly, the problem with this idea of Russia – la grande Russie and la Russie éternelle – is that the Russian state can no longer support it, the Russian people can no longer endure it, and Europe can no longer afford it. Russia is too close to ignore, too big to integrate, too unstable to rattle, and too nuclear to offend: neither the United

in Limiting institutions?
Autopilot, neglect or worse?
Nick Bisley

with any confidence whether or not these threats would be carried out. Would alliances be trashed in favour of a nativist approach to America’s global role? Would the world’s two biggest economies really engage in trade warfare? Or was it all campaign bluster? No one could say with any degree of certainty. As a result, analysts began to examine public comments and publications produced by figures who were going into the administration. Significant emphasis was put on a piece by Peter Navarro and Alexander Gray. Navarro was to be part of a newly created National Trade

in The United States in the Indo-Pacific
Constructing security in historical perspective
Jonathan B. Isacoff

replaced as Labour Party leader by Ehud Barak. Conclusion Theirs ‘was a struggle between hard-liners and soft-liners, security-centredness and diplomacy, intractability and conciliation, and the certainty of war and a chance for peace’ ( Morris, 1993 : 227). While this statement by the founding new historian Benny Morris alludes to the historical competition between David

in Redefining security in the Middle East
New threats, institutional adaptations
James Sperling

wide variety of regime types conjoined to ethnic and religious animosities, and multilateralism remains a relatively alien form of statecraft. As compared to Europe, Eurasia is a highly heterogeneous security space and the prospects for a collective identity are correspondingly low. Moreover, there is neither an effective institutional mechanism for enforcing the convergence of domestic values on a pan-regional basis, nor a certainty that the values underpinning the western system of security governance are either universal or compatible with existing indigeneous

in Limiting institutions?