Search results

Paul Currion

sector sometimes seem to bear down on each new innovation lab. To some extent, this is a problem that we have created for ourselves; the same tide of optimism that previously lifted us up is now receding, and we risk being beached. The limitations of innovation are now clear. Innovation ‘looked at as a process, appears suspiciously like the reforms of yesteryear’ ( Sandvik, 2014 : 27), potentially exposes vulnerable communities to new types of risk, and risks marginalising local aid workers and disaster

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Four Decisive Challenges Confronting Humanitarian Innovation
Gerard Finnigan and Otto Farkas

, improving customer value and effectively managing competitive risk ( Keohane, 2013 ; Quitzau, 2010 ; Tidd et al. , 2001 ). There are many parallels between the evolution of innovation practice within the private sector and that of the humanitarian sector. Chesbrough (2006) used the term ‘open innovation’ to explain the shift in the way companies had been innovating. Historically, businesses attempted to internalise the creative and innovative process, funding large research

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Architecture, Building and Humanitarian Innovation
Tom Scott-Smith

humanitarians have historically engaged in the problem of emergency shelter ( Burnell and Sanderson, 2011 ; Davis, 2011 ). For many years, the idea that ‘shelter is a process not a product’ has been one of the most central, foundational principles of the sector: the notion that humanitarians should help people shelter themselves, rather than providing a completed building to inhabit ( Davis, 1978 ; Davis and Alexander, 2015 ; Sanderson and Burnell, 2013 ). Final structures and prefabricated

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Planned Obsolescence of Medical Humanitarian Missions: An Interview with Tony Redmond, Professor and Practitioner of International Emergency Medicine and Co-founder of HCRI and UK-Med

enough. And I’m saying the opposite now. Practice has changed, but I think you’ve got to get the evidence and the data. The innovations from these measurements that will have the biggest impacts will not be technological: they will be process-driven. GS: Did any innovative practices emerge later in your career that you wished had arrived earlier? TR: Yes, the point-of-care testing. The handheld devices for testing. So, you can test for malaria, for example. And the big one is the handheld

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
José Luís Fiori

national interests ( ibid .: 25–6): 1) Russia and China, the two great ‘revisionist powers’; 2) North Korea and Iran, two ‘rogue states’ that undermine geopolitical equilibrium in Northeast Asia and the Middle East; 3) ‘Jihadist terrorist groups’ and international criminal organisations that propagate violence and traffic drugs and arms. The document offers an extensive list of actions to be undertaken by the US to achieve strategic objectives and confront rivals, from controlling borders to increasing military expenditure and protecting competitive

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
The nature of the development-security industry
Jenny H. Peterson

institutions tend to have hierarchical, centralised command structures where the roles and responsibilities of actors are well defined. Development institutions tend to be more flexible in nature, with decentralised decision-making processes often based on consensus and shifting roles and responsibilities (Abiew, 2003). Instead of real coordination, based on high standards of performance, coordination often becomes little more than combining the wish lists of the various actors (Natsios, 1995). A second problem, related to poor coordination, is the highly competitive nature

in Building a peace economy?
DSI approaches and behaviours
Jenny H. Peterson

4062 building a peace economy_2652Prelims 25/11/2013 15:06 Page 162 8 The war economy transformation agenda: DSI approaches and behaviours AR ECONOMIES are resilient to small-scale, narrowly defined projects, their transformation requiring concerted and simultaneous engagement by and through a variety of actors, reforms and processes. This range of programmes, broadly referred to in this book as the transformation agenda, has been developed and is implemented by a diverse network of actors, the Development-Security Industry (DSI) who work at multiple levels in

in Building a peace economy?
Open Access (free)
Protecting borders, confirming statehood and transforming economies?
Jenny H. Peterson

competitive in relation to traders who have not paid the relevant charges. In states attempting to restart their economy, local business interests will be hurt by the unfair competition of smugglers, possibly discouraging much-needed local or foreign investment. A S THE TRANSFER 138 4062 building a peace economy_2652Prelims 25/11/2013 15:06 Page 139 Customs reform Thus, both in the physical inspection of goods crossing the border as well as in monitoring customs and excise revenues for evidence of corrupt and illegal practices, these agencies can contribute to the

in Building a peace economy?
Marian Sawer

strategic information by feminists and were unlike other intergovernmental meetings. This changed with the establishment of the Ministerial Conference on the Status of Women in 1991, after which the officials’ meetings took on more familiar traits of political competitiveness. Today the 248 CASE STUDIES intergovernmental arrangements for women’s policy are far from satisfactory. As already noted, location in a central policy area was a drawback in terms of feminist process; the confidentiality of policy advice at Cabinet level caused tensions with nongovernmental

in Mainstreaming gender, democratizing the state?
Ben Clift

underplays analysis of the party itself. This chapter offers a two-tier analysis of the interaction between developments within the party system as a whole, and the internal politics of the French PS. At both levels, an appreciation of both structure and agency is vital to understanding how both the PS and the party system have recently evolved. The first section illustrates the institutional constraints of the French party system, and how its competitive demands helped to structure the internal organisation of the PS. Subsequent sections show how, in turn, the PS has

in The French party system