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The Third Way and the case of the Private Finance Initiative

and the length and cost of [PFI] negotiations’. Few companies are large enough to cope with the size of the contracts and the complex negotiating processes involved in PFI, and the ongoing process of acquisitions and mergers is constantly reducing that number. Even where the procurement was competitive overall, the Treasury Select Committee added, the market ‘may be too

in The Third Way and beyond
Open Access (free)

Introduction Like all concepts in political theory, gender has a history. Unlike most of these concepts, though, the history of gender is comparatively short. The term itself originated in the nineteenth century, arising in the context of descriptive and diagnostic social sciences of human behaviour. It was only adopted into political theory, as a result of a political process of struggle, about 100

in Political concepts
Open Access (free)

constitute such ‘possibilities’? How are they to be explored? What is the appropriate methodological line to that end? To start with, substantive progress in the field requires the transcendence of descriptive approaches about, on the one hand, the form and functions of the integrative process and, on the other, the resolution of fundamental conceptual problems confronting a discipline which has become subject to diverse interpretation. This requires, in Church’s words, ‘structured ways of understanding changing patterns of interaction’,4 free from the inherently

in Theory and reform in the European Union
New polity dynamics

reforms, paved the way for a new integrative stage, best captured by the term ‘nascent Gemeinschaft’. This is not to negate the usage of the term ‘integration’ in capturing the dynamics of the regional process, as it is still useful in the vocabulary of EU studies, insofar as it attempts to explain the joining together of previously independent entities under a new centre, whether or not federally organised. Yet, the point has been clearly made that ‘polity-formation’ is better equipped – both conceptually and operationally – to capturing the constitutive nature of

in Theory and reform in the European Union
Order and security in post-Cold War Europe

actors have been assigned new meanings under the impact of uncertainty and unpredictability following the tectonic shifts in world affairs. Second is the extent to which the strategic ramifications of the new geopolitical realities and the new security challenges, although lacking a unified concept of threat, can adequately ‘provide’ rules for state interaction and, crucially, for reinforcing the ‘institutionalisation’ of security. Moreover, can process and institutions be instrumental in redefining identities and interests towards a less competitive and even non

in Theory and reform in the European Union
A managerial perspective

Taylorist mass production 8 and therefore, by association, with Keynsian demand management. Giddens’s account of the process of modernisation includes an analysis of the effect of transport and communications technology on social relations, and this is the essence of his theory of globalisation. The twentieth-century development of rapid transportation

in The Third Way and beyond

2 New directions in theory-building Treaty reform in perspective The SEA and beyond In the mid-1980s, the whole scene became dominated by claims of a ‘neofunctionalist comeback’ – modified in nature, yet easily discernible in scope.1 Processes of negative integration primarily at the market level were linked with the development of a wide range of policies covering almost all spheres of regional co-operation. Neofunctionalist ‘spillovers’ were envisaged for the transformation of a ‘Business Europe’ to a ‘People’s Europe’: the functions of the larger management

in Theory and reform in the European Union
Continuities and contradictions underpinning Amitai Etzioni’s communitarian influence on New Labour

’s approach. Such theoretical and methodological limitations are bound to affect the efficacy and applicability of the communitarian ideal, especially when the revival of a sense of community is still reliant on the relatively unfettered continuation of a competitive market. More importantly, though, such limitations can also affect the policies of New Labour by virtue of the fact that it, too, has

in The Third Way and beyond
Open Access (free)

arguably the main contemporary challenge to democratic theory and practice in the era of globalisation. 1 A minimal view of democracy Perhaps the best known minimal view of democracy is that advanced by Schumpeter as ‘a system in which rulers are selected by competitive elections’, 3 where such elections are held on a regular basis and under conditions of universal suffrage. The main question that arises here is

in Political concepts

differences. Our approach differs from some previous discussions in two main ways. First, in contrast with accounts that cover a wide range of social and economic policies, 14 we focus on social policy. Second, we develop a ‘policy process’ approach, with different elements of discourse, values, policy goals and policy mechanisms. 15 We use a simple heuristic model of the policy process

in The Third Way and beyond