minorities, or, alternatively, whether the ethno-national tendency will again predominate so that the future identification of the Israeli citizenry with democratic values will only be weakened.
Any attempt to provide immediate answers to this type of question will amount to conjecture. However, a number of indications suggest that there are significant obstacles to the process of completing the reformation. Among these obstacles, the education system’s organisational conservatism merits mention, as does the teachers’ difficulty in adopting new study
Edward Peters, The Magician, the Witch, and the Law (Philadelphia:
University of Pennsylvania Press, 1978), 93–8.
13 Since we are here ultimately concerned with the work of fifteenth-century Dominicans,
Aquinas is unquestionably the most relevant scholastic theorist. Charles Edward
Hopkin argues for the essential conservatism of Thomist demonology in his doctoral
dissertation, “The Share of Thomas Aquinas in the Growth of the Witchcraft Delusion”
(Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1940). See also Jeffrey Burton Russell,
Lucifer:The Devil in the Middle
confidence are introduced . . . Agriculture, arts, and
commerce are advanced’, trumpeted Mr R. Henry in a sermon to the SPCK
in 1773.45 But, like those who confidently announced the end of superstition,
his claims were premature.
In fact from a judicial perspective at least, the state, rather like the Kirk,
Beyond the witch trials
had been progressively losing interest in witches from the beginning of the
century. To be sure, the offence continued to appear in legal textbooks of
the period, but that may be ascribed to the innate conservatism of lawyers