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Peter D.G. Thomas

from merchants and manufacturers involved in the nascent cotton industry of Lancashire, for at this time cotton was grown only in the West Indies. Chancellor of the Exchequer Dowdeswell thought the advantage of duty-free cotton imports self-evident, and on 7 April witnesses told the House of Commons that Dominica as a free port could replace the Dutch island of St Eustatius as an international entrepôt for West Indies trade. But just when all seemed to be plain sailing, British West Indies merchants objected to this threat to their trade monopoly; and what rendered

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Margaret Hanly

with the vagaries of the trade cycle. The development trajectory of Barrowford (then known as Barrowford Booth) was slightly different. Located near the border with Yorkshire it was in hilly country with little arable land and chiefly grassland used for pasture. Cotton mills were established here but they were late in coming and transient in their existence.18 The pattern in all of the above areas between the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries is one reflecting rapid social change as both agriculture and industry experienced some of the most intensive

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Conclusion

Science and industrial development: lessons from Britain’s imperial past

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Sabine Clarke

fully worked-out visions of industrial development that were created for the Caribbean were much more transformative, seeking to create a wider set of conditions that would allow industry to flourish, including incentives for private investors through tax relief, trading estates, subsidies, cheap factories and credit. While the architects of these alternatives did not reject the need for scientific research useful to business, they did not make provision for it. The vision of industrial development promoted by W. Arthur Lewis, and representatives from Puerto Rico, was

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Sabine Clarke

, rural development schemes are described as comprising a regime. Development represents an all-encompassing form of state power – authoritarian, intrusive and dealing in standardised and regimented units of production. For many scholars, the exemplar of the development project of the twentieth century is the large-scale African agrarian scheme in which communities were uprooted, resettled in new villages and made to work on uniform plots under close supervision, as in the Gezira cotton-growing project in British-controlled Sudan, the Sukumaland Scheme in Tanganyika

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John Marriott

-governed Countries, the first Care of the Governors hath been to make the Intercourse of the Inhabitants, as well as of Foreigners, sojourning in the Country, safe, easy and commodious, by open, free and regular Highways . This is more especially incumbent on Trading Nations, as, without a free and safe Intercourse between Place and Place by Land as well as

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John Marriott

, education, health, trade, labour and agriculture. 88 Despite continued anxieties about the information order, with political stabilization came a renewed sense of optimism about the future of colonial rule. During a sermon delivered at Westminster Abbey at the consecration of George Cotton as Bishop of Calcutta in 1858, the Rev. Vaughan declared that 1857 had given missions a political prominence that they

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Making the most of opportunity

The economy of makeshifts in the early modern north

Steven King

attempts to cut back the scale and cost of the relief list, something which becomes more generalised after 1820. Ultimately, however, the system appears to have coped moderately well with the three types of poverty which dominated the ‘national’ picture – endemic, trade-related and life-cycle.7 Indeed, for many access to poor relief had become a ‘right’ by the later eighteenth century, and overseers had to tread a sensitive path between the competing demands of economy and customary treatment of different groups of poor people. Little surprise, against this backdrop

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Sabine Clarke

East Africa Fisheries Research Institute (Jinja, Uganda)   East African Institute of Social Research (Makerere College, Uganda)   Cotton Research Station (Uganda)   Virus Research Institute (Entebbe, Uganda)   East African Insecticides Research Unit (Arusha, Tanganyika)   East African Agricultural and Forestry Research Organisation (Kenya)   East African Veterinary Research Organisation (Kenya)   East African Tsetse and Trypanosomiasis Research and Reclamation Organisation   Filariasis Research Unit (East Africa)   East African

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Brian Pullan and Michele Abendstern

Ship Canal Company. Quick and Redford were joined in the inner circle by Ronald Brierley, a retired insurance broker, formerly the deputy chairman of Sedgwick UK Ltd., who became Treasurer in 1983. Quick, Redford and Brierley all had distinguished war records, Brierley having served in Special Operations and been awarded both the Military Medal and the Croix de Guerre. John Zochonis, Chairman of Council from 1987 to 1991, was a generous philanthropist who presided over the family firm of Paterson Zochonis, a trading company first established in Sierra Leone in 1879

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Mike Huggins

, the Worksop Manor Stud, the Exning Stud, the Sledmere Stud and the Ballykisteen Stud in Ireland, sold so many. Some breeders were breeder-owners, breeding and racing their own horses, and prepared to trade potential profit for the pleasure of ownership. Their Breeders and owners motives varied, but some at least were less concerned with success per se than with trying to improve the breed. The duke of Westminster, for example, cared little for racing, but devoted ‘his time, attention and money to breeding bloodstock’ at his Eaton Hall Stud.5 Kingsclere Ltd, a