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Open Access (free)
Sustainability, the arts and the watermill
Jayne Elisabeth Archer, Howard Thomas and Richard Marggraf Turley

communities and cultures. We find that, just as much as the surrender of common ground to successive waves of enclosures, the loss of the watermill as a centre of food production – owned and operated by and for the community – marks a fault line, a profound trauma in British history. Industrialisation replaced the grain mill with the mills of manufacture – cotton, paper, wool, steel, as elegised by Richard Jefferies and celebrated by J. M. W. Turner (Jefferies 1880; Rodner 1997). The mill is a recurrent mystical symbol in the writings of William Blake and even has a walk

in Literature and sustainability
Political and contemporary contexts of the Shows
Tracey Hill

Paster assumes when she writes of ‘the clear atmosphere of the communities of praise’ and of an absence in the Shows of any ‘ambivalence about urban life’.16 In themselves, as a starting point, the mayoral Shows’ nostalgia and reification of the past were ideological strategies, attempts to fend off what was perceived by the City’s great livery companies as an undesirable decline in their power and influence. As Hentschell has written in relation to the cloth trade, there was ‘in the late sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries, a recurrent strain of loss and nostalgia

in Pageantry and power
Open Access (free)
Peter Morey

, the exact reason for the flight from Iran to India has itself become something of a contentious issue among twentieth-century Parsi scholars. The traditional view was that the Persian Zoroastrians who migrated found Muslim rule intolerable and set out to find a place where they could practise their religion undisturbed. However, it has also been suggested that ‘“the migration of the Parsis to the west coast of India was not so much a flight as a readjustment of commercial patterns which had arisen prior to Islam” wherein Parsi dominance of trade with India had been

in Rohinton Mistry
Open Access (free)
Continuous theatre for a creative city
David Calder

-product of the shipbuilding industry. Nantes’ first shipyard was installed on the Quai de la Fosse in 1668 with financial backing from Colbert, minister of finance to Louis XIV. From that date through the height of French imperialism in the nineteenth century, a spatial division of labour emerged in which Paris merchants distributed goods throughout the nation and Nantes merchants distributed goods throughout the empire. Shipbuilding perpetuated and was perpetuated by Nantes’ role as the slave-trading capital of France and the pre-­eminent port for trade with the colonies

in Street theatre and the production of postindustrial space
Sukanta Chaudhuri

Pan should striue with me in song, Arcadia being iudge, Even Pan would say hee’s ouercome, Arcadia being iudge. O little boie begin to know thy mother by thy laughing: Ten months brought vnto mother thine both long and tedious toiles. O little boy begin to know thy mother by thy laughing, At whom thy parents laughed not when thou wast but a babe Ne god thought worthie of his boord, ne goddesse of hir bed. exchange, [trade in Orpheus neither . . . nor 39 furrowes . . . plow] In the Golden Age, there was no need to farm the land, which spontaneously yielded crops

in Pastoral poetry of the English Renaissance