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Victim, witness and evidence of mass violence
Caroline Fournet

definition of the crime of genocide, which exclusively protects the individual as a member of the group and excludes any economic, patrimonial or cultural consideration. Targeting groups is the characteristic of this crime, as the travaux préparatoires of the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide and the debates on the possible inclusion of cultural genocide therein clearly indicate. Polish lawyer Raphaël Lemkin, who coined the term ‘genocide’, had identified ‘genocide in the cultural field’ as ‘the pro­ hibition or the destruction of

in Human remains and mass violence
Joost Fontein

the people whose remains were re-emerging from the abandoned mine. Did they really date from the late 1970s? If so, why were some of the remains still apparently fleshy, leaky and stinking? Might they include more recent human remains – from the gukurahundi massacres of the 1980s; or ZANLA (Zimbabwe National Liberation Army) purges of ZIPRA (Zimbabwe People’s Revolutionary Army) comrades around independence; or from more recent political violence against MDC (Movement for Democratic Change) supporters since 1999;1 or even the missing bodies of military purges at the

in Governing the dead