to what we might term class differentiation .
The inclusion of middle-class patients
fell far short of heralding the advent of some version of social democratic
citizenship in the hospital wards. As early as the 1870s, Burdett sought to
legitimise middle-class treatment by separating it from that for the sick poor.
He proposed separate private hospitals, beds or wards, operating on a
corrective to the present autonomy and internal politicking of the scientific community’.24 Dixon also sought to reassure
scientists by dwelling on the possible benefits of ‘greater democracy
in decision-making about science and technology’.25 He predicted
that while ‘some research projects would probably be killed, and
rightly so’, another consequence ‘of a wider public debate might be
to demand more science, not less’.26 Dixon argued that exposing
The making of British bioethics
science to ‘wider democratic influence’ would increase public confidence by ensuring