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French denaturalisation law on the brink of World War II

denying rights, the latter by separating the citizenry from those seen as endangering the rights of men and citizens. (Guillaume and Huysmans 2013 : 4) 2 As such, politics of denaturalisation reveal a specific mechanism of inclusion and exclusion. Enacting a discourse of authority that differentiates between social political

in Security/ Mobility
A dialogue with Islam as a pattern of conflict resolution and a security approach vis-à-vis Islamism

view Islam as a ‘threat’, a view which they qualify as perpetuating a myth ( Esposito, 1992 ). They also deal with the question of the compatibility of Islam and democracy, and give a positive answer. In light of these answers we may doubt any inclusion of Islam in a study concerned with redefining security in the Middle East. But then we are intrigued by the rise of fundamentalist and rejectionist

in Redefining security in the Middle East
Civilisation, civil society and the Kosovo war

classical legacy; Catholicism and Protestantism; the separation of spiritual and temporal authority; the rule of law; social pluralism; representative democratic bodies; and individuality. 29 Huntington has been criticised for dismissing the state as an agent of international relations. 30 Given his broad definition of Western civilisation, this is hardly fair. 31 One could even argue that Huntington makes an effort to define what makes Western

in Mapping European security after Kosovo
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Kosovo and the outlines of Europe’s new order

: bipolarity, systemic thinking and the mindset of inclusion–exclusion continue to cast their shadows beyond the Berlin Wall. The vacuum of Europe’s nameless 1990s has attracted many new visions, and offers to fill the conceptual void left by the end of communism. Rosy scenarios along the lines of Fukuyama’s ‘end of history’ were soon followed by the suggestion of the ‘new pessimists’ that we are instead entering a period of a

in Mapping European security after Kosovo
Israel and a Palestinian state

consisting predominantly of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP) and the Democratic Front for the Liberation of Palestine (DFLP) ( Shikaki, 1998 : 30–1). A second source of opposition to the regime consists of radical Islamists, primarily Hamas and Islamic Jihad , which also challenge its secularism and offer a competing set of legitimacy principles based upon Islamic precepts. 16 A

in Redefining security in the Middle East
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Security/ Mobility and politics of movement

beyond a divisionary and exclusive nationally oriented politics. Instead, the regulation of mobility and thus the politics of inclusion and exclusion continue apace, although perhaps in less visible and more unexpected places. Whereas the second part of the book addresses the movement of people as such and its public and political representation, the last part is dedicated to analyses of how movement is (actively) circumscribed

in Security/ Mobility

democratization is defined as ‘an expansion of political participation in such a way as to provide citizens with a degree of meaningful collective control over public policy’ ( Brynen, Korany and Noble, 1995 : 3). Many Middle Eastern states have engaged in some democratic forms, primarily focused around elections. 2 This is a Dahlian notion of democracy, however, that relies on

in Redefining security in the Middle East

possible new member. It was an effort to construct a new political spatiality which would go beyond the traditional us–them dichotomy. NATO saw itself confronted with a country which, due to unfortunate circumstances and bad leadership, had been isolated from the European democratic family of nations. Serbia (as well as Serbs) was not constructed as an outsider and made ‘foreign’. Instead, it was depicted

in Mapping European security after Kosovo

of ‘the serious political and human rights issues in Kosovo’. 8 In September, Resolution 1199 used stronger language. It spoke of the need to ‘avert the impending humanitarian catastrophe’ in the province. 9 In addition, as noted above, the UN Secretary-General had called upon member states to take action to prevent a ‘humanitarian disaster’ in Kosovo. Given the inclusion of such phrases, there is

in The Kosovo crisis and the evolution of post-Cold War European security
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Redefining security in the Middle East

between the Palestinian and Israeli sides without the glare of publicity and attention or the opportunity for hard-liners opposed to such negotiations to derail them. While the secrecy of these talks raised questions about the democratic nature of the peace process, they did manage to produce a series of agreements, namely the Oslo Accord of 13 August 1993, the Declaration of Principles signed on the White House lawn on

in Redefining security in the Middle East