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Open Access (free)
Governing Precarity through Adaptive Design
Mark Duffield

. Global Precarity A characteristic of late-modernity, at least in relation to the global North, 3 is what Nikolas Rose has called the ‘death of the social’ ( Rose, 1996 ). This demise is usually equated with the roll-back of the welfare state. Originally meant as a collective insurance-based shield against market forces, since the 1980s the welfare state has been residualised through means-testing, privatisation, cuts and the politics of austerity. Companies and businesses, however, have also shed their former social-democratic responsibilities

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
A Focus on Community Engagement
Frédéric Le Marcis, Luisa Enria, Sharon Abramowitz, Almudena-Mari Saez and Sylvain Landry B. Faye

had no colonial connection with the Mano River countries (Guinea, Sierra Leone and Liberia). But MSF Belgium’s expertise of Ebola is strongly correlated with the Democratic Republic of Congo, a former Belgium colony and which in 1976 experienced the first Ebola outbreak. 5 Sylvain Landry B. Faye did fieldwork in Mali as well, as part of the WHO response team. 6 A writing seminar entitled Ebola in Comparison was convened at the ENS de Lyon on

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Staff Security and Civilian Protection in the Humanitarian Sector
Miriam Bradley

understand each phenomenon individually, and foregrounding the differences between them serves to illuminate the inclusions and exclusions in each field of practice. Second, in drawing attention to a distinction that is mostly uncritically accepted, the comparison aims to stimulate a conversation about its appropriateness. A small body of literature asks why each of these fields of practice – staff security and civilian protection – is the way it is, with some work seeking to

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Four Decisive Challenges Confronting Humanitarian Innovation
Gerard Finnigan and Otto Farkas

interventions, or to create radical programmatic solutions, which, despite their uniqueness, adhere to strict programme ethical standards. One recent example of such a breakthrough occurred with the emergency response to the Ebola crisis and the development of a vaccine against the Zaire ebolavirus and implementation of a vaccination programme. The vaccine was developed within a fractional time envelope and administered to 27,000 people in the Democratic Republic of Congo

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
A dialogue with Islam as a pattern of conflict resolution and a security approach vis-à-vis Islamism
Bassam Tibi

view Islam as a ‘threat’, a view which they qualify as perpetuating a myth ( Esposito, 1992 ). They also deal with the question of the compatibility of Islam and democracy, and give a positive answer. In light of these answers we may doubt any inclusion of Islam in a study concerned with redefining security in the Middle East. But then we are intrigued by the rise of fundamentalist and rejectionist

in Redefining security in the Middle East
New threats, institutional adaptations
James Sperling

or as a staging ground for its eradication, and may become transformed into a region defined by weak state structures and ethnic irredentism or by strong states with democratic institutions. Perhaps as important, the evolution of Islam in this region – whether it will assume a relatively non-intrusive secular role as in Turkey or a radical variant of Islamic fundamentalism as in the Taliban’s Afghanistan – will have important implications for the security of Europe’s southern flank, the prospect for deep and secure economic ties between Eurasia and Europe, and the

in Limiting institutions?
Oliver Turner

frontiers of the American Pacific. In a 2015 statement on the main economic pillar of the Pivot, the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP), Obama argued that ‘we can’t let countries like China write the rules of the global economy. We should write those rules.’ 35 Whatever the normative arguments around the merits or dangers of a Chinese-led global economy, ‘countries like China’ was code for those who still lack a full display of civilised values. The planned inclusion in the TPP of non-democratic Vietnam and Brunei demonstrates that China’s physical contours were not

in The United States in the Indo-Pacific
Raymond Hinnebusch

policy has been relatively free of irredentist revisionism. (b) Because primitive state formation always involves some degree of inclusion and exclusion, whether the specific social forces incorporated at the founding of regimes were largely satisfied (privileged) or dissatisfied (plebeian) also tends to set states on opposing status quo or revisionist tangents. Specifically, those, often monarchies, forged around traditional satisfied classes implanted, penetrated and supported by the Western ‘core’ were biased toward status quo policies, while the wave of revolt

in The international politics of the Middle East
What contribution to regional security?
Panagiota Manoli

in Black Sea affairs, it has supported engagement in soft security issues, but has been less encouraging on the inclusion of hard security. The European Commission, in its 1997 report to the Council, suggested that cooperative efforts could constructively focus on the promotion of political dialogue, the strengthening of human rights, democracy and the rule of law, as well as on the reduction of drug trafficking, smuggling and illegal immigration throughout the region.12 From within the region, stronger calls 211 2504Chap11 7/4/03 12:41 pm Page 212

in Limiting institutions?
Israel and a Palestinian state
Lenore G. Martin

consisting predominantly of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP) and the Democratic Front for the Liberation of Palestine (DFLP) ( Shikaki, 1998 : 30–1). A second source of opposition to the regime consists of radical Islamists, primarily Hamas and Islamic Jihad , which also challenge its secularism and offer a competing set of legitimacy principles based upon Islamic precepts. 16 A

in Redefining security in the Middle East