Search results

You are looking at 1 - 10 of 10 items for :

  • identification technologies x
  • Manchester International Relations x
Clear All

exception was Iran’s larger more mobilised society where the Shah had to construct a more elaborate technology of control, heavily dependent on clientalism, repression and external backing. In the authoritarian-nationalist republics , where regimes originated in middle-class overthrow of Western client elites by nationalist officers, state formation meant the wholesale reconstruction of states against the opposition of the displaced upper classes and amidst Western hostility, requiring, therefore, a measure of mobilised popular support. Charismatic

in The international politics of the Middle East
Open Access (free)
Recognition, Vulnerability and the International

fosters identification with other lives through Aristotelian empathic engagement, claiming our common vulnerability means we can imagine ‘what it is like to be in that person's place’ (Nussbaum 1997 : 91). However, the empathy Nussbaum promotes is a ‘passive empathy’ (Boler 1999 : 158–61) based on pity, which mobilizes the fear that ‘[this] could happen to me’ and makes ourselves

in Recognition and Global Politics
Open Access (free)
The international system and the Middle East

usually little popular identification with them. Rather, people identified themselves as Muslims (or members of a minority ‘millet’), and as inhabitants of some sub-state ‘little community’. They were regarded by the rulers as ra′aya (flocks) to be both protected and fleeced, not politically active citizens ready to defend a nation. Foreign policy was ‘imperial’: the Ottomans regarded the West as Dar al-harb – the sphere of war – against which the Sultan waged jihad (holy war) in continual expansion. However, once a balance of power was established with the West

in The international politics of the Middle East
Open Access (free)

by the state (or the majority) on the individual’s proper exercise of his or her freedoms and interests. Thus rights protect both the individual from incursions by the state and the individual’s interests in the context of the state. This way of conceptualising human rights has been fundamental to the evolution and the project of the modern free-market liberal democratic state. It has provided a remarkably powerful framework for the characterisation of both the individual and political community and for the identification of abuse. Moreover it has to a significant

in Human rights and the borders of suffering

. Among the thirty-member strong Islamic Conference, Turkey is the only professed secular and democratic country. However, in time, Turkey has learnt that its secularity, its democracy, its identification with the West and its ideological distance from the Islamic states are of no avail in moments of need. The Cuban missile crisis of 1962 is a good example. It appeared to Ankara that the United States was ignoring Turkey’s security: in an apparent quid pro quo deal with Moscow, Washington agreed to remove its Jupiter missiles from its bases on Turkish territory. In

in Turkey: facing a new millennium
Open Access (free)

unparalleled [number] of spheres – nuclear strategy, disarmament, multilateral alliance, weapons technology, intelligence, and arms sales and purchases’. The connections were closest ‘in the fields of nuclear weaponry and intelligence. Each government provides the other with material and information that it makes available to no-one else.’ 30 During the Second World War, Britain and the United States collaborated on the production of the atomic

in A ‘special relationship’?
Open Access (free)

Turkey. Religion and socialism – to name but two although far apart from each other – were among schools of thought and ideologies that were affected by Turkish nationalism. Still, there are Muslim Turks – they prefer to be called Turkish Muslims – who, although colored by patriotism, do challenge the secularist component and European identification of their society and of their country’s Kemalist nationalism. These people question the intentions of the Turkish state when it comes to religious freedoms. Mete Tuncay, a leading Turkish intellectual, asserts that Turkish

in Turkey: facing a new millennium

evasion (since the donations had improperly escaped taxation) and fines were imposed. A series of constitutional court cases on party financing and reforms of the Party Law relating to donations were direct consequences of the Flick Affair. floating voter Voters who do not admit to long-term identification with a particular political party, and who are prepared to assess their likely voting decision at every

in The politics today companion to West European Politics
A view from below

, but only to turn them upside down. Both Scott and Certeau see themselves as doing an anatomy of the technologies of resistance in the same way that Foucault does of the technologies of power (Certeau 1984: 96; Scott 1990: xv and 20). Foucault, after all, speaks of resistance as a means to conceptualise power. For Foucault, to look at resistance serves ‘as a chemical catalyst so as to bring to light power relations, locate their position, find out their point of application and the methods used’ (2002: 329). And thus, as Banu Bargu states, ‘we lack a convincing

in Everyday resistance, peacebuilding and state-making

-colonial version, used those repositories for the purpose of producing wealth and infrastructure for the enjoyment of the majority of residents in Congo, Zaire or the later DRC (cf. Turner 2007; Young 1994). Modernity has made the DRC a low-income country that exports copper, petrol and ore at low value and imports refined oil, technology, medicines, iron and meat at high prices (Observatory of Economic Complexity 2014). There is an outward flow of resources and debt repayments, and an inward reception of manufactured goods and aid. Similarly, as will become apparent in the next

in Everyday resistance, peacebuilding and state-making