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So what went wrong?
Odette Best

received training to be ‘native nurses’ who worked in hospitals on settlements In this chapter, an indigenous historical lens is applied to the status of Indigenous nurses and midwives in Australia. I explore the establishment of Australia’s nursing profession, and compare training of white nurses with training received by ‘native nurses’. I suggest that Australia failed to respond to the British Colonial Nursing Service’s agenda and argue that this failure, in part, contributed to the poor health status experienced by Indigenous Australians. I propose that four issues

in Colonial caring
Hysterical tetanus in the Victorian South Pacific
Daniel Simpson

When the Royal Navy sloop and flagship of the Australia Station HMS Pearl returned to Sydney harbour on 23 August 1875, it brought with it sad and disturbing news. On the journey home, three sailors, including the Station's popular and well-respected commodore, James Graham Goodenough, had died from wounds sustained a fortnight earlier at Nendö Island, part of the Santa Cruz group in the South Pacific Ocean. On 12 August, Goodenough and five members of his crew were shot with reputedly poisonous arrows following an unsuccessful attempt to

in Progress and pathology
Open Access (free)
Narratives of balance and moderation at the limits of human performance
Vanessa Heggie

indigenous people of the tropics, and their study was racially coded, as they were used (and are still used) as ‘proxies’ for earlier stages of human adaptation. Studies of homeostasis, of the natural balance of the human body, were marked by complicated webs of assumptions about racial science, indigenous rights and human evolution. So, for example, early twentieth-century studies of Australian Aboriginal peoples were shaped by concerns about ‘White Australia’; while some thought Aboriginal people would be the victims of racial decline, and eventually ‘die out’, others

in Balancing the self
Open Access (free)
Rima D. Apple

Afterword Rima D. Apple Nursing has been and is shaped by factors internal to the profession as well as external influences such as governmental concerns; cultural sensibilities; racism, sexism and classism; physical and geographical conditions; and economics. Viewed from the vantage point of imperialism, nurses can be seen as straddling the metropole and the periphery, or bridging the gap between Western and indigenous medicine. Nurses were both icons and actors in this world. They provided nursing care and health instruction, and in that sense their work

in Colonial caring
Open Access (free)
Contextualising colonial and post-colonial nursing
Helen Sweet and Sue Hawkins

four chapters begin to examine the embedding of Western-style nursing culture into indigenous cultures. These chapters widen our scope beyond the British Empire to include not only Australia and New Zealand, but also the Dutch East Indies and the American colonies of Puerto Rico and the Philippines. Issues such as racism and clashes of culture now come to the fore. The tensions between colonial nurses and their ‘Western’ culture of medicine and the traditional practices of indigenous trainees 3 Helen Sweet and Sue Hawkins and their patients are examined, as are

in Colonial caring
Disease, conflict and nursing in the British Empire, 1880–1914
Angharad Fletcher

, Colonel (Sir) William Williams sought her advice on the formation of an Army Nursing Service Reserve (ANSR) that was to be attached 41 Angharad Fletcher to the New South Wales Army Medical Corps (NSWAMC). Three months later, Gould had amassed twenty-six nurses and assumed the post of lady superintendent. On 17 January 1900 she, along with thirteen nursing sisters, left Australia to participate in the Second Boer War (1899–1902), serving at hospitals in Sterkstroom, Kroonstad, Johannesburg and Ermelo, often beside Buller, the Rhodesian ridgeback that had become the

in Colonial caring
Barbra Mann Wall

throughout the colonial era and for some time during decolonisation and independence, agents of biomedicine, including missionaries, marginalised indigenous medical practitioners. The 1930s were a key time for nursing and medical expansion in Nigeria. Andrew G. Onokerhoraye notes that the inter-war years witnessed an expansion of hospitals such that by 1930, seventy-one were in existence and twenty-three were mission-owned, the latter reflecting both Protestant and Catholic expansion. At this time, the British colonial government supported missions that could develop rural

in Colonial caring
Charlotte Dale

referred to by Angharad Fletcher in Chapter 2, nursing was being provided across 60 Nurses during the Anglo-Boer War (what was to become) ‘South Africa’ by a number of different agencies which have been described as ‘reflecting the disjointed course of colonial development [in South Africa]’.5 This ‘nursing’ included care by family members and traditional healers for much of the indigenous population, the basic nursing and medical knowledge of European missionaries, the presence of trained European nurses, as well as the Afrikaners’ and their servants’ own home

in Colonial caring
Colonialism and Native Health nursing in New Zealand, 1900–40
Linda Bryder

4 ‘They do what you wish; they like you; you the good nurse!’:1 colonialism and Native Health nursing in New Zealand, 1900–40 Linda Bryder Introduction In 1911 New Zealand’s Department of Public Health launched its Native Health nursing scheme, to serve the health needs of the local indigenous population, the Māori.2 At that time the Māori population numbered about 52,000; most lived in extremely isolated small communities and had much poorer health standards than non-Māori. The circular announcing the scheme explained that the appointees would be trained

in Colonial caring
Bonnie Evans

were attempting to use it to redefine conceptions of child rights and human rights. By the early 1990s, societies specifically for autistic children had been created in forty countries, among them countries as diverse as Australia, Brazil, Bulgaria, Germany, Iceland, India, Japan, Russia and Trinidad and Tobago. 40 By the early 2000s, these organisations had spread to over eighty countries

in The metamorphosis of autism