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Staff Security and Civilian Protection in the Humanitarian Sector

stopping short of comparing staff and other civilians. Larissa Fast, for example, laments the differential treatment accorded to refugees compared with the internally displaced, and to international staff compared with national staff, but says nothing of the differential treatment accorded to displaced persons on the one hand and staff on the other ( Fast, 2015 : 119, 127). The comparison in this article serves two purposes. First, comparing two phenomena helps us to better understand each phenomenon individually, and foregrounding the differences between them serves

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
From the Global to the Local

with no externally-provided support, rather than in public health or educational institutions. For instance, on 29 March 2018 UNRWA’s Beirut office issued an internal circular to UNRWA staff in Lebanon entitled ‘Clarification on the Coverage of Specific Health Services’. The national-level circular announced that UNRWA’s limited financial resources in 2018 mean that the agency ‘finds itself compelled to suspend the coverage of normal deliveries from normal pregnancies starting the end of March 2018’. It also announced the suspension of a

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
What contribution to regional security?

include specific security measures to accomplish this main goal. Promotion of economic cooperation received the most attention as the vehicle for attaining prosperity and long-term stability. The Bosphorus Statement, also signed on 25 June 1992 in Istanbul, restated the commitment of the heads of state and government ‘to act in a spirit of friendship and good neighbourliness and enhance mutual respect and benefit, cooperation and dialogue in the relations between them’. The Bosphorus Statement deals with the settlement of disputes, emphasising ‘the need for the peaceful

in Limiting institutions?
Open Access (free)
Redefining security in the Middle East

West and elsewhere) that have been excluded from mainstream analysis. Moreover, our intention is not simply to transport concepts and debates emanating from mainstream IR to the Middle Eastern context, but to capture the complex interface of global and local dialogues as they pertain to the changing circumstances and indigenous understandings of conflict in this region. Our focus is squarely on the

in Redefining security in the Middle East

2504Chap3 7/4/03 3:53 pm Page 48 3 Ethnic conflict and Eurasian security Stuart Kaufman What role does ethnic conflict play in Eurasian security affairs? Just breaking this question down into its component parts uncovers a vast array of apparent influences. Ethnic conflict is, first of all, clearly a cause of internal conflict and insecurity, as demonstrated by the problems in Bosnia, Kosovo, Macedonia, Cyprus, Georgia, Chechnya and Mountainous Karabagh. Furthermore, it is a key cause of international security problems, as the above list of ethnic civil

in Limiting institutions?

after, a civil war broke out between Lon Nol’s forces and the Khmer Rouge, which the latter eventually won in April 1975. 5 The Khmer Rouge regime, led by Pol Pot and named Democratic Kampuchea in early 1976, pursued a determined campaign to eradicate all internal opposition to its Maoist programme in Cambodia. 6 The actual toll of the radical Khmer Rouge attempt to forcefully

in The United Nations, intra-state peacekeeping and normative change
Impact of structural tensions and thresholds

powers. What seemed ‘internal’ conflicts to the old colonialists (meaning internal to their colonial empires, as in Algeria or Rhodesia) were considered ‘international’ by the superpowers (meaning that the other superpower might intrude into that conflict at any moment). In this sense, the UN’s response to intra-state conflicts could not but reflect an overwhelming preoccupation with international

in The United Nations, intra-state peacekeeping and normative change

place since 1996, and the ongoing conflict in the eastern provinces, defy a single causal explanation, although these explanations have been the tendency rather than the exception, as the standard recourse to the failed state shows. An analysis of resistance brings out different aspects of the history and present of the conflict. The war that started in 1996 was seen by popular classes as an opportunity to realise their long-awaited dreams of change. In addition to the multi-state wars, coups and internal military revolts, there was a popular uprising. The violence

in Everyday resistance, peacebuilding and state-making

are understood. Although internal conflict is raging in the Israeli–Palestinian context, inter-state war in the Middle East is no longer regarded as a legitimate political mechanism, and this has resulted in new constraints on and opportunities for social groups struggling for change, whether through violent or non-violent means. Women have played a significant part in ongoing political

in Redefining security in the Middle East
Open Access (free)
A bounded security role in a greater Europe

Middle Eastern power. The Euro-Atlantic dialogue about Turkey and its place in Europe points to an ironic reversal of roles between an America that thinks in geopolitical terms and a Europe that responds with semi-formulated cultural or ethnic arguments. Geography, as well as history, explains Europe’s (and America’s) position. Turkey is a pivot state for nearly every issue of importance to the United States (and its EU allies) on the Eurasian continent, including but not limited to the needed transit routes for Central Asian oil and gas.27 For the wars of 9/11, it is

in Limiting institutions?