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The dualist and complex role of the state in Spanish labour and employment relations in an age of ‘flexibility’

much depends on how you define numerical flexibility and what the legal framework for temporary contracting is. 5 It is beyond the scope of this chapter to review the importance of the Basque state in its ability to inculcate stronger forms of social engagement and dialogue; greater attention in future is needed in terms of internal comparative analysis within Spain. 6 To be able to open a more systematic debate on this key period, the nature of industrial policy in the 1980s and early 1990s would have to be studied carefully and the financial accounts of key

in Making work more equal

contention that one is faced with a complex legal problem 39 which may or may not be resolved on an ad hoc basis. A second question is where to place the threshold for intervening with or without UN authorization: on systematic human rights violations (such as systematic discrimination akin to apartheid or ‘internal colonialism’), on something more grave, such as so-called egregious crimes (i.e. ethnic cleansing, war crimes, crimes against humanity), or only at the level of mass

in Humanitarian intervention in the long nineteenth century

53 3 Counterpoints, critiques, dialogues A challenge for the field of contemporary civilisational analysis is to rethink heterogeneity, plurality and differentiation in terms of porosity. Interaction between permeable civilisations on different scales and across different dimensions invigorates heterogeneity. If anything, civilisational analysis has yet to benefit from efforts to unearth regular patterns of interaction and gauge the results from long-​term rhythms of engagement on the endogenous dynamics of civilisations. The relational model proves to be the

in Debating civilisations
Lessons for critical security studies?

very particular European context, starting with the loosening of the internal borders in the then European Community as a result of the Schengen accords largely contributed to the development of reflections on security, circulation, and mobility. Largely informed by this political context, the medium- and long-term impact of enlargement processes on issues of external and internal security, especially

in Security/ Mobility
Open Access (free)
Security/ Mobility and politics of movement

geography in order to provide a more comprehensive perspective on security and mobility. To be concise: there are no clear-cut boundaries to be found between those two strands of research, and scholars have already started to transcend the permeable membranes between different layers of movement, as is detailed below. And yet we feel that intensified dialogue between mobilities and immobilities can in fact yield additional benefits

in Security/ Mobility

more disorganised in a race to accumulate, then raising the statutory minimum wage may bolster support for (or subdue resistance against) the liberalisation project (Koçer and Visser, 2009). Unlike the crowding out frame, the thesis of legitimation is (in our interpretation) ambivalent about the procedure for raising the minimum wage: it may be achieved through trusting, tripartite forms of social dialogue – deliberative negotiation rather than stringent state control – since the distributive result is what matters for legitimation. There is a limit to redistribution

in Making work more equal
Perspectives on civilisation in Latin America

were fostered in multiple dialogues with foreign currents in philosophy, literature, politics and art and with Latin America’s own multi-​civilisational past. Modernists made careful study of foreign trends. However, they also routinely tempered engagement of international currents with the struggle to find a place for them in cultural life. Writers, poets, philosophers and activists often turned to traditions they saw as their own when looking to place themselves in the world. They were at their most creative when unapologetically synthesising southern experiences

in Debating civilisations
Introduction and overview

for women’s wage penalties over the life course. Furthermore, employers’ exploitative practices towards female workers who are assumed to be locked into local labour markets are found to hinder wage prospects and the exercise of autonomy at work (Cooke and Xiao, 2014; Figart et al., 2005; Korpi et al., 2013; Lewis et al., 2008; Merluzzi and Dobrev, 2015; Rubery et al., 1999; Tavora and Rubery, 2013; Ugarte, 2017; Weinkopf, 2014). i) Labour market segmentation – Employers’ pay and ­employment practices (e.g. internal labour markets versus periphery ­segments

in Making work more equal

: We must control our borders – it’s the duty and right of each country […]. If over the five years or the decade the country is flooded with hundreds of thousands of illegal refugees, then there will be a real threat to our internal system, to the character of the state and its very future. (Prime Minister Netanyahu 2012b

in Security/ Mobility
Open Access (free)
Piercing the politics of silencing

police and educational establishments. The attitude of the police to the EDL is ‘shut your mouth or you’ll get a slap’ (Matt). This is echoed by Ray, who notes that the officers policing the Bristol demonstration had said ‘as long as we kept our noise down they wouldn’t arrest us’. The response to such silencing is often external compliance but internal defiance: ‘I don’t care if the coppers batter us basically. I’m standing there as an English patriot. I’m allowed to stand there. I’m allowed to say my views. He can’t shut me up’ (Connor). Piercing the politics of

in Loud and proud