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The Algerian war and the ‘emancipation’ of Muslim women, 1954–62
Author: Neil Macmaster

In May 1958, and four years into the Algerian War of Independence, a revolt again appropriated the revolutionary and republican symbolism of the French Revolution by seizing power through a Committee of Public Safety. This book explores why a repressive colonial system that had for over a century maintained the material and intellectual backwardness of Algerian women now turned to an extensive programme of 'emancipation'. After a brief background sketch of the situation of Algerian women during the post-war decade, it discusses the various factors contributed to the emergence of the first significant women's organisations in the main urban centres. It was only after the outbreak of the rebellion in 1954 and the arrival of many hundreds of wives of army officers that the model of female interventionism became dramatically activated. The French military intervention in Algeria during 1954-1962 derived its force from the Orientalist current in European colonialism and also seemed to foreshadow the revival of global Islamophobia after 1979 and the eventual moves to 'liberate' Muslim societies by US-led neo-imperialism in Afghanistan and Iraq. For the women of Bordj Okhriss, as throughout Algeria, the French army represented a dangerous and powerful force associated with mass destruction, brutality and rape. The central contradiction facing the mobile socio-medical teams teams was how to gain the trust of Algerian women and to bring them social progress and emancipation when they themselves were part of an army that had destroyed their villages and driven them into refugee camps.

Simha Goldin

Jews in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries a polemical literature intended for internal purposes, a special section of which is devoted to the matter of apostates. It was clear to the authors of this polemical literature that at that time Goldin, Apostasy and Jewish identity.indd 37 20/08/2014 12:34:43 38 Apostasy and Jewish identity there were apostate Jews among the Christians, and that it was they who taught the Christians the arguments of the Jews. The polemical books fulfill a three-fold function: to strengthen Jews against Christian arguments, to serve

in Apostasy and Jewish identity in High Middle Ages Northern Europe
John Marriott

troops of the abolition movement. As one of the most powerful groups to emerge from the sectarianism of the seventeenth century, Quakers retained internal unity and identity against an intolerant religious order, and directed spiritual energies to the practical alleviation of social problems. Commerce was one of the few spheres from which they were not excluded, and through extensive, mutually

in The other empire
Neil Macmaster

internal dynamic of the country is far more decisive’.1 The scale of SAS, EMSI and MSF operations was so thin on the ground, under-funded and fragile that they barely scratched the surface of the enormous weight of social and economic problems faced by a desperately poor and traumatised population. The key ideological and M1822 - MACMASTER TEXT.indd 348 21/7/09 12:16:31 Women’s radical nationalism 349 transformative intention of the army, to win Algerian women over to a French model of civilisation, had little impact since it was associated with the occupying power

in Burning the veil
Open Access (free)
John Marriott

against others beyond and within the territorial boundaries of the imagined community, internal class divisions came to be seen as racial. 54 Racialization in this sense, therefore, refers to the appropriation and subsequent reproduction of a particular conception of race within hegemonic structures. It can take two co-existent forms. In one, the racialized groups are incorporated within the

in The other empire
Open Access (free)
Imposters, legislators and civil religion
Justin Champion

away from completing. Toland applauded Moses’ political prudence, especially his ‘plan’ of government, which if it had been successfully established in Judea ‘cou’d never have been afterwards destroy’d, either by the internal sedition of subjects, or the external violence of enemies, but should have lasted as long as mankind; which is to make a Government Immortal, tho it be reckon’d one of the things in nature the most subject to revolutions’. Toland proposed to discuss whether this immutability was based on ‘any promise and miraculous concurrence of God; or on the

in Republican learning
Open Access (free)
The French human sciences and the crafting of modern subjectivity, 1794–1816
Laurens Schlicht

these leaders still used a medical vocabulary to interpret the shock of the Revolution and to suggest a means of pacifying France, they no longer believed in the universal goodness of human beings and suggested avoiding immoderate affects. 14 After Napoleon's coup d’état the idea of the shock was again transformed. 15 Within the new interpretative scheme, which redefined the ‘mind’ and subjects’ relation to it, a relegitimation of moral shock became possible in the

in Progress and pathology
Elizabeth Vandiver and Ralph Keen

hope of attacking me by force. These men request that I at least honor Your Holiness’s rank, and that I excuse both your innocence and mine in letters of humility: the matter is not yet at the final pitch of desperation, if Leo X, through his innate goodness, will set his hand to it.’ And a little later, the rebel monk dared to prescribe the laws of peace to the highest Pontiff. He added, ‘No one should assume, Most Holy Father, that I will hereafter make a recantation, unless he wishes to involve his cause in a still greater storm. Furthermore, I will not endure laws

in Luther’s lives