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Olivia Umurerwa Rutazibwa

-year undergraduate students reading International Development Studies and International Relations at the University of Portsmouth. My module on ‘Rethinking Aid and Development’ explores the implications of decolonial engagement with ideas and practices of international solidarity. Students have said: ‘We should be assigned readings like this from year one.’ So I ask the question here: ‘What if we were to start our humanitarian conversation with Sabaratnam?’ Of course, other works have questioned the value of international intervention. But it is necessary to

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
David Rieff

Introduction Citing the celebrated opening sentence of the Communist Manifesto may seem an odd way to begin these modest reflections on the challenges the relief world is confronting, and the graver ones it is likely to confront over the course of the next decade. But just as the spectre of communism was haunting Europe in 1848, a spectre haunts the humanitarian international in 2018 – the spectre of illegitimacy. A disclaimer is immediately necessary: if you believe that the importance of the changes that are taxing the established global order

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
An Interview with Celso Amorim, Former Brazilian Foreign Minister
Juliano Fiori

former president should be allowed to run in the forthcoming election. ‘We have conditions to do great things,’ he said to me when we met, ‘but of course we need a legitimate government.’ It is far from clear that the election, only weeks away, can deliver this. Juliano Fiori: You first served as Brazilian foreign minister in the early 1990s. Between then and now, what has been the principal change in the conduct of international relations? Celso Amorim: For me, the most important change to note is that, for the first time in modern history, the

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
José Luís Fiori

the myth of Babel. 3 Set in an imaginary context, it describes a universal ‘syndrome’ of the struggle for power. It is suggestive for those who seek to explain recent changes in international relations and in the security strategy of the US. According to the myth of the Tower of Babel, humanity, after the Great Flood, was united and spoke just one language and had just one system of values. It sought to build a tower to reach heaven. But God, taking this as a challenge to his exclusive authority, divided humanity, scattering people and giving each

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
A Framework for Measuring Effectiveness in Humanitarian Response
Vincenzo Bollettino and Birthe Anders

. Fast , L. and O’Neill , M. ( 2010 ), ‘A Closer Look at Acceptance’ Humanitarian Exchange Magazine , 47 , 4 – 6 . Forestier , C. , Cox , A. T. and Horne , S. ( 2016 ), ‘Coordination and Relationships between Organizations during the Civil–Military International Response against Ebola in Sierra Leone: An Observational Discussion’ Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps , 162 : 3 , doi: 10.1136/jramc-2015-000612 . Greenwood , L. and Balachandran , G. ( 2014 ), ‘The Search for Common Ground: Civil-Military Relations in Pakistan

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
A Focus on Community Engagement
Frédéric Le Marcis, Luisa Enria, Sharon Abramowitz, Almudena-Mari Saez and Sylvain Landry B. Faye

Introduction During the 2014 West African Ebola epidemic, an estimated US$ 10 billion was spent to contain the disease in the region and globally. The response brought together multilateral agencies, bilateral partnerships, private enterprises and foundations, local governments and communities. Social mobilisation efforts were pivotal components of the response architecture ( Gillespie et al. , 2016 ; Laverack and Manoncourt, 2015 ; Oxfam International, 2015 ). They relied on grassroots

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Humanitarianism in a Post-Liberal World Order
Stephen Hopgood

disillusioned with the truncated horizons of the New Left and resigned to the triumph, for a generation or two, of welfare capitalism ( Meiksins Wood, 1995 ). Before this, global humanitarianism had been a largely religious exercise, an extension of Christian ministry ( Barnett, 2011 ), while human rights barely registered on the world stage ( Moyn, 2010 ). From the 1970s on, the humanist international became a place where disillusioned rebels could continue to work, albeit in a new idiom, for those who suffered. They ceased working to any great extent on their

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Nazanin Zadeh-Cummings and Lauren Harris

international relations ( Habib, 2016 ). This study does not aim to evaluate the effectiveness of the sanctions in achieving their intended goals, nor does it strive to analyse geopolitical factors that resulted in the sanctions. Instead, this paper investigates the effect of sanctions on humanitarian actors in their attempts to respond to the humanitarian imperative and the need of North Korean people. While some research has suggested that the UNSC 1718 Sanctions Committee has taken adequate steps to enable humanitarian aid ( Do, 2018 ), other sources have posited that

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
From the Global to the Local
Elena Fiddian-Qasmiyeh

, Humanitarianism and Development: Views from the Caribbean, North Africa and the Middle East ( Oxford : Routledge ). Fiddian-Qasmiyeh , E. ( 2016a ), ‘ Repressentations of Displacement in the Middle East ’, Public Culture , 28 : 3 , 457 – 73 , doi: 10.1215/08992363-3511586 . Fiddian-Qasmiyeh , E. ( 2016b ), ‘ Refugee–Refugee Relations in Contexts of Overlapping Displacement ’, International Journal of Urban and Regional Research , www.ijurr.org/spotlight-on-overview/spotlight-urban-refugee-crisis/refugee-refugee-relations

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Governing Precarity through Adaptive Design
Mark Duffield

Introduction Drawing its energy from the wave of New Left and counter-cultural radicalism of the 1960s ( Boltanski and Chiapello, 2005 ), an NGO-led direct humanitarian action pushed onto the international stage during the 1970s. The radicalism of this new anti-establishment sans frontières humanitarianism lay in its political challenge to the conventions of Cold War sovereignty. By being there on the ground it sought to hold sovereign power to account, witnessing its excesses while professing a face-to-face humanitarian solidarity with its

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs