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an economic ‘Subject’ appropriate to external imperatives such as economic globalisation and labour market flexibility. Paul Cammack undertakes a similarly close reading of the language of the Third Way, focusing on the work of Giddens in particular. Like Morrison, he sees Third Way discourse as reflecting a definite and coherent project. For Morrison, that project is the

in The Third Way and beyond

predicated; for example, the limitations of the nation state, the inevitability of capitalist deregulation, flexible labour markets and privatisation. 30 The ‘modern world’, or ‘global economy’, is presented as a reality and is posited as the central process that necessitates the development of a new notion of citizenship. 31 This has two notable effects. Firstly, the responsibility

in The Third Way and beyond
Open Access (free)
Welfare reform and the ‘Third Way’ politics of New Labour and the New Democrats

-old unemployed people nevertheless places overriding emphasis on assisting transitions into paid employment.’ 26 This reinforces what they see as the neo-liberal policy orthodoxy on flexible labour markets, and it erodes, not builds, the stock of human capital. Such programmes run against the grain of traditional approaches to welfare provision

in The Third Way and beyond

in human and social capital, and sound public finance. Ferrera et al . 24 list ‘elements of an optimal policy mix’ that consists of a robust macro-economic strategy; wage moderation; employer-friendly and efficient tax and social policy; labour market flexibility and flexicurity; investment in education, training and mobility; and new forms of fighting poverty and social

in The Third Way and beyond
Continuities and contradictions underpinning Amitai Etzioni’s communitarian influence on New Labour

retraining principles that encapsulate the New Deal scenarios can have disastrous consequences. New Labour’s call for education to go beyond the realms of academia and re-equip the British workforce to be more flexible (geographically as well as socially) and globally competitive 76 completely overlooks the problems surrounding job availability. While such innovations could well lead to the

in The Third Way and beyond

When, in February 2002, Tony McWalter, an obscure Labour backbencher, 1 asked Tony Blair, at Prime Minister’s Questions, to ‘provide the House with a brief characterisation of the political philosophy that he espouses and which underlies his policies’, 2 it was in the apparent belief that he was asking his leader an easy question. However, Blair

in The Third Way and beyond
The Third Way and the case of the Private Finance Initiative

of the PFI for Labour in Britain. Notes 1 George 1967: 13; March 1994: 14. 2 I use the terms PFI and PPP as synonyms. ‘PPP is a generic term used to describe partnerships, which involve more flexible methods of

in The Third Way and beyond
Open Access (free)
Partial offsets and unfinished business

Interim Report of August 1995,7 and the Final Report of December 1995.8 The reports of the Reflection Group The Final Report was submitted to the December 1995 Madrid European Council.9 In it, the Group had defined its tasks as being the improvement of the workings of the Union, and the expansion of the capabilities of the Union to enable it to rise to both internal and external challenges (including the new rounds of enlargement towards the countries of Central and Eastern Europe (CEE)). The Final Report was structured around three dimensions, namely flexibility

in Theory and reform in the European Union
New polity dynamics

priority status, too, with emphasis on the exchange of personnel. The third area related to the modernisation of employment systems. Labour market and employment policies were to achieve maximum flexibility for the enterprises and maximum security for individuals in conjunction with the new Title on Employment in the AMT. Issues such as investment in the skills of the existing workforce, increase in participation rates, encouragement of mobility and dialogues between the workforce and management in anticipation of restructuring of the enterprises receive added currency

in Theory and reform in the European Union

, capital and labour markets must all be flexible for an economy today to be competitive’; that ‘third-sector groups can offer choice and responsiveness in the delivery of public services’; and that ‘social democrats should continue to move away from heavy reliance on taxes that might inhibit effort or enterprise, including income and corporate taxes’. 45 He then calls at the global

in The Third Way and beyond