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accountable in some way to their subjects. Social historians and,more recently,historians of culture,labour,gender, women, folk medicine and the like – historians of everyday people and their lives – have dodged exactly the same issues confronted by those who study living people by insisting, rather irrelevantly, on the deadness of historical subjects. They cannot, it is argued, with irrefutable but nonetheless faulty logic, sign waivers

in Male witches in early modern Europe

, seeking room and board in exchange for performing menial labour such as chopping wood or bathing household members in the sauna. Such dependent lodgers were allowed to sleep in a corner of the main farmhouse or in an outbuilding. Although they might settle on a farm for decades if treated well, most itinerant labourers, and women who wandered the countryside in the capacities of masseuse or ‘cupper’, 16 were highly mobile, and thus able to pick up all

in Witchcraft Continued
Gender and contemporary fantasies of witchcraft

used it in 1641 in order to make sense of what he imagined to be a battle of wills between himself and his wife around the issues of provision, food and sex which Rost was terrified of losing. As a day-labouring vinedresser with a small vineyard of his own to work in Rost would have been able to maintain his household on only the margins of 148 WITCHCRAFT NARRATIVES IN GERMANY subsistence at the best of times.74 That times were hard for Rost in 1641 can be seen by the fact that he felt compelled to go and work on the River Main (because, as he put it, ‘the

in Witchcraft narratives in Germany
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The ‘defending democracy’ in Israel – a framework of analysis

. Administrative and intelligence controls Contrary to legal and judicial barriers, which are distinguished by a complete adherence to the frame of the ‘rule of law’, 14 there are other more flexible measures often extending beyond the limits of state laws, in fact occasionally disregarding the basic liberties inherent to the democratic idea, such as civil liberty, the freedom of expression and the freedom of assembly. Despite the sharp contradiction between these orientations and the liberal democratic paradigm, there is abundant testimony of their use

in The Israeli response to Jewish extremism and violence

recent history of witchcraft accusations, then a flexible interdisciplinary approach is essential. This is certainly being done in the broader context of the social history of the period, but has yet to be applied to more specific cultural themes such as witchcraft. Finally, my approach to the subject is much influenced by my own work on English witchcraft in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. This introduces the puzzling

in Witchcraft Continued