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Humanitarianism in a Post-Liberal World Order

survive this transition, but maybe other forms of humanitarian action will emerge, or thrive where they already exist, especially once the canopy is opened up because the eco-system’s tallest trees have been felled. Of course, what comes next might not meet the hopes of today’s humanitarians, especially because the degree to which it can be truly a global humanitarian system must be doubted if no international consensus can be forged to support it. The humanitarian alliance with liberalism is no accident, and if the world is less liberal, its

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Editor’s Introduction

worst of its rippling social consequences rebelled against systemic injustices. Left-leaning protest movements of indignados took to the streets. They rejected economic austerity and promoted progressive social reform. But they soon became marginal to the spreading politics of anger. In the main, the global backlash is now directed against progressive neoliberalism – the dominant ideological variant of late liberalism – with its ‘flexibilisation’ of everything in the economic sphere and its disintegration of tradition in the social sphere

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs

in the structures of the global system. But in making this claim, all they have really said is that their politics are those of liberal internationalism, whether in its American imperial form or its somewhat more egalitarian European iteration. And the great genius of liberalism is that it is the only political ideology in the history of the world that insists that it is not an ideology at all. But the politics of relief organisations has often been exposed, as in the 1980s when many effectively supported the Afghan mujahedeen in its fight against

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs

state, which, after the Cold War, would sign up to the international institutions and regulations created following the Second World War. Indeed, this is one of the reasons that, in the 1990s, American commentators referred to the ‘end of history’, the emergence of a unipolar world, the victory of Western liberalism and the universalisation of Western values. And they were right, to the extent that the US achieved a global power without precedent in human history, accelerating the globalisation of the inter-state capitalist system and the rules and

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
An Interview with Celso Amorim, Former Brazilian Foreign Minister

: Well, it is a difficult moment for international cooperation. It is possible to argue that the liberalism of the old order was a veneer that permitted a form of capitalist domination. But, regardless, many people benefited from this veneer. There were opportunities for organisations like UNICEF and Save the Children. And for Brazil, too. When I was foreign minister, I was able to establish triangular cooperation programmes with the US in Africa and in the Caribbean. In my recent book [ Acting Globally ], there is a photo of me with Condoleezza Rice

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Problematising the normative connection

’ realism and liberalism as opposed to neo-realism and neo-liberalism. 20 An example is C. Douzinas and R. Warrington, Justice Miscarried: Ethics and Aesthetics in Law (New York: Harvester Wheatsheaf, 1994). While postmodernism is usually presented as being irreconcilable with ethics, Bauman notes that as

in The United Nations, intra-state peacekeeping and normative change
Israel and a Palestinian state

powerful explanations. Dissatisfaction with realism and liberalism led to the development of alternative approaches to conceptualizing national security (see Walt, 1998 ; Katzenstein, 1996 ). 4 One of these third approaches has been favoured by scholars of developing-world international politics, who are aware of the inadequacies of the

in Redefining security in the Middle East
Journalism practice, risk and humanitarian communication

, H. Grover and C. Miller , ‘ Vulnerability and Capacity: Explaining Local Commitment to Climate-Change Policy ’, Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy , 26 : 3 ( 2008 ), pp. 544 – 62 . 13 D. Losurdo , Liberalism: A Counter-History , trans. G. Elliott ( London : Verso Books , 2014

in Global humanitarianism and media culture
New threats, institutional adaptations

. The openness of the European states to external influences, the free movement of peoples and goods, and domestic political liberalism have made these states soft targets. The international system described by Mackinder remains operative in the still-important military sense: states remain defined by their territoriality and the existential threat posed to them by a direct military attack by another state. At the same time, however, the European states are less concerned about territoriality (and the threat of war) and more 3 2504Introduction 7/4/03 12:37 pm Page

in Limiting institutions?
Open Access (free)
Redefining security in the Middle East

Studies , Minneapolis : University of Minnesota Press , 3–31 . Doyle , Michael W. ( 1986 ), ‘ Kant: Liberalism and World Politics ’, American Political Science Review , 80 : 4 (December), 1151–69 . Elshtain , Jean Bethke. ( 1987 ), Women and War , New York : Basic Books . Enloe , Cynthia. ( 1989 ), Bananas, Beaches, and Bases , Berkeley

in Redefining security in the Middle East