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Roberta Frank

; (syð)ðan Ingelde weallað wælniðas, ond him wiflufan æfter cearwælmum colran weorðað. (2063–6) (Then on both sides the oaths of men will be broken; then deadly hostility will boil up in Ingeld, and his love for the woman will become cooler after the seething of sorrow.) The

in Dating Beowulf
Open Access (free)
What lovers want
Arlyn Diamond

love. There are clandestine meetings in Melidor’s chamber, a higher-ranking suitor who is defeated at a grand tournament, a spying steward, a helpful maid and numerous battles. In the end Melidor and her mother convince the earl that he has no choice but to accept Degrevant. They live long and prosper, and after his wife’s death Degrevant returns to the Holy Land, to die on crusade. Although the distinction is far too neat, it is possible to divide our attention between the plot, with its focus on the actions and motivations of the main characters, and the poem

in Pulp fictions of medieval England
Open Access (free)
Donna Beth Ellard

and literary evidence, in 1991 Kuefler argued that although ‘life was generally harsh, both physically and psychologically … at least some Anglo-Saxon children enjoyed great affection … and were treated in some instances with great love, in particular by their parents’. 10 Several years later, Sally Crawford's landmark survey, Childhood in Anglo-Saxon England , extended Kuefler's rebuttal of Ariès and other social historians by including visual

in Dating Beowulf
Open Access (free)
Nonreading in late-medieval England
Heather Blatt

outside the covers of manuscripts through other engagements with textuality, from wall texts and subtleties to documents. The first example of nonreading to consider comes from Troilus and Criseyde. Pandarus and Troilus have begun to collaborate in their efforts to persuade Criseyde to acknowledge and respond to Troilus’s professed love for her, although Criseyde proves hesitant. Abandoned by her father who has left Troy to join the Conclusion 197 Greeks encamped outside its walls, Criseyde lives isolated from the nominal power structures of the city even as she also

in Participatory reading in late-medieval England
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Coding same-sex union in Amis and Amiloun
Sheila Delany

, impulsively violent duke, Belisant’s father, who tries to kill the offending Amis rather than investigate the steward’s charge of fornication. In the Niarchos–Polyeuct legend, Polyeuct, ‘joined to Nearchos by boundless love, was prepared, he said, to subordinate everything to his absolute love for Nearchos – injury, death, or anything else, to such an extent that he would not even spare his children for the sake of Nearchos, since he counted them, too, as less important than his love for the latter’.24 This sentiment – paternal love superseded by the bond of friendship – is

in Pulp fictions of medieval England
Animal language and the return of loss in Beowulf
Mo Pareles

-avian intimacy denigrates not only the slain human body, the fighting and agential body reduced here to morsels of warm meat for the pleasure of birds, but also the intimate human relations that, in the oral culture of the poem, provide the conduit for human knowledge production. Homosociality and knowledge In elite homosocial cultures, including both the warrior culture of Beowulf and the monasticism that probably produced the text, love and knowledge are transmitted through the same intimate bonds. 12

in Dating Beowulf
Open Access (free)
Daniel C. Remein and Erica Weaver

. 21 Accordingly, intimacy provides the scene for the perniciously normative way that ‘happiness makes its own horizon’, in that love, which is supposed to make us happy, ‘becomes an intimacy with what the other likes (rather than simply liking what the other likes) and is given on condition that such likes do not take us outside a shared horizon’. 22 Because happiness orients, as a promise, towards the future, Ahmed even figures intimacy as one crucial avenue for happiness itself: ‘if

in Dating Beowulf
Suzanne Conklin Akbari

tested in the fire, Rainald pays for his faith with his life. The emir, ‘in a towering rage because he could not make Rainald turn apostate’, causes all the Christians within his grasp in Antioch to be stripped naked and bound together in a circle: He then had chaff, firewood, and hay piled around them, and … ordered them put to the torch. The Christians, those knights of Christ, shrieked and screamed so that their voices resounded in heaven to God for whose love their flesh and bones were cremated.24 In the Siege of Melayne, the appearance of the ‘still’ and ‘colde

in Pulp fictions of medieval England
Open Access (free)
Emotional connections to the young hero in Beowulf
Mary Dockray-Miller

as they mutually achieve a costly victory’, even as (in Hill's analysis) their biological kinship remains relatively remote. 11 It is the only sib - (kin-) compound in the poetic corpus that includes connotations of aristocratic social class (contrast with sib(be)gedriht [kin-band], sib(b)lufan [kin-love], or the redundant compound sibgemagas [kin-relatives]). As such, sibæðelingas unites Wiglaf and Beowulf, even somewhat eliding their differences in age and fame, by emphasizing instead their shared

in Dating Beowulf
Le Bone Florence of Rome and bourgeois self-making
Felicity Riddy

apparently assembled to order in the 1440s, and which includes a range of courtly poems, especially love complaints and dream visions by Chaucer, Gower and Lydgate. Oxford, Bodleian Library, MS Tanner 346, we are told, ‘forms an MUP_McDonald_10_Chap9 198 11/18/03, 17:06 Le Bone Florence of Rome 199 anthology of poetry that “reflects the social and literary refinements of the ‘lettered chivalry’ of the time”’.7 ‘Modest intellectual accomplishments’ and ‘social and literary refinements’: it is clear which is the approved group. But, of course, bourgeois romances in

in Pulp fictions of medieval England