Planned Obsolescence of Medical Humanitarian Missions: An Interview with
Tony Redmond, Professor and Practitioner of International Emergency Medicine and
Co-founder of HCRI and UK-Med
economically active people. People from 18 to, let’s say, in low-income
countries, late forties, early fifties, they would be helped to some extent by
vaccines, but they will usually succumb not to infections but to injury,
road-traffic accidents, violence and, in women, complications of labour – and
there is a surgical fix to those.
I think the innovations in medicine may need to come conceptually and in the way
things are presented; in order to understand that you should really
visits. They also
enabled us to cross over from the government-controlled zone to the rebel-held
zone. We met with the leaders of the network in the home of one of these
activists in a government-controlled area of Aleppo. Although they initially
refused us permission to visit the care sites they were supporting, after a
brief negotiation, we were given the green light for the next day.
During this exploratory mission, we managed to visit the main care
Interpreting Violence on Healthcare in the Early Stage of the South
Sudanese Civil War
Xavier Crombé and Joanna Kuper
( Human Security Baseline
Assessment for Sudan and South Sudan, 2014 : 6). After partially
evacuating its team on 20 December, MSF-H adapted its operations to the new context:
the organisation deployed a new team to Bentiu State Hospital to support surgical
activities managed by the hospital’s regular staff and the International
Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC). It also set up a primary healthcare clinic inside
the local Protection of Civilians (PoC) site, run and
, lactating mothers and TB patients.’
WASH (water, sanitation and hygiene)
1. ‘Improve equitable access to at least basic and safely managed drinking water and sanitation services.’ 2. ‘Raise awareness on public health risks related to water, sanitation and hygiene and promote adequate and equitable hygiene practices at households, education institutions and health facilities paying special attention to the needs of women and girls and those in vulnerable situations.’ 3. ‘Strengthen health emergency preparedness and response capacity
A Framework for Measuring Effectiveness in Humanitarian Response
Vincenzo Bollettino and Birthe Anders
could have been more effectively managed.
13. Military actors adhere to the relevant humanitarian civil–military guidelines. (Use MCDA Guidelines for complex emergencies and Oslo Guidelines for natural disasters, or applicable country guidelines.)
a) Humanitarian and military actors intentionally adhering/attempting to adhere to applicable humanitarian civil–military coordination standards and guidelines.
b) Humanitarian and military actors are clearly not adhering to applicable humanitarian civil–military coordination concepts and principles.
c) It is
, 2015 ; Fast, 2017 ; Read et al. , 2016 ).
Digitisation – the collection, conversion, storage and sharing of data and
the use of digital technologies to collect and manage information about individuals
from affected communities – increasingly shapes understandings of need and
the response to emergencies. 2 This
use of digital technologies produces ‘digital bodies’ – images,
information, biometrics and other data stored in digital space – that
Matthew Hunt, Sharon O’Brien, Patrick Cadwell, and Dónal P. O’Mathúna
, voluntary innovation
became one where translators felt taken for granted or even exploited. If
information is a form of aid, then it comes at a cost, just like water, food,
medicine and other supplies, and the free provision of information should not be
assumed, even in a crisis. Indeed, the long-term needs of the crisis-affected
community might be served better by NGOs and other actors providing paid work to
successful networks of translation volunteers
opening for them to do this. It’s a Trojan horse’ (quoted in Priday, 2018 ).
The second priority is securing more stable funding for humanitarian journalism. This
includes, crucially, trustworthy information reaching those communities affected by disaster.
Following the work of organisations including the CDAC Network, Internews and BBC Media Action,
we know that this is a vital form of aid: people need information as they need water, food,
medicine and shelter. Information can save lives, build resilience, support livelihoods and
the social reproduction of the precariat
by substituting for an absent fixed-grid ( Jacobsen,
2015 ). Together with cash-transfer programmes ( Lavinas, 2013 ), this includes biometric registration and experimentation with
block-chain authentication as a means of managing aid and work entitlements ( Dodgson and Genc, 2017 ). Solar power lighting and charging
solutions are widely marketed together with portable ceramic water filtration systems ( Redfield, 2015 ). Replacing a need for medically-staffed
feeding centres, take-away mother
Four Decisive Challenges Confronting Humanitarian Innovation
Gerard Finnigan and Otto Farkas
innovation by type and creation of nomenclature ( Garcia and Calantone, 2002 ). The private
sector understood innovation as an imperative and priority for
‘successful’ business practice, critical for cutting costs, opening
markets, improving customer value and effectively managing competitive risk ( Keohane, 2013 ; Quitzau, 2010 ; Tidd
et al. , 2001 ).
There are many parallels between the evolution of innovation practice within the
private sector and that of the