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Open Access (free)
Planned Obsolescence of Medical Humanitarian Missions: An Interview with Tony Redmond, Professor and Practitioner of International Emergency Medicine and Co-founder of HCRI and UK-Med

economically active people. People from 18 to, let’s say, in low-income countries, late forties, early fifties, they would be helped to some extent by vaccines, but they will usually succumb not to infections but to injury, road-traffic accidents, violence and, in women, complications of labour – and there is a surgical fix to those. I think the innovations in medicine may need to come conceptually and in the way things are presented; in order to understand that you should really

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Hakim Khaldi

visits. They also enabled us to cross over from the government-controlled zone to the rebel-held zone. We met with the leaders of the network in the home of one of these activists in a government-controlled area of Aleppo. Although they initially refused us permission to visit the care sites they were supporting, after a brief negotiation, we were given the green light for the next day. During this exploratory mission, we managed to visit the main care

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Interpreting Violence on Healthcare in the Early Stage of the South Sudanese Civil War
Xavier Crombé and Joanna Kuper

( Human Security Baseline Assessment for Sudan and South Sudan, 2014 : 6). After partially evacuating its team on 20 December, MSF-H adapted its operations to the new context: the organisation deployed a new team to Bentiu State Hospital to support surgical activities managed by the hospital’s regular staff and the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC). It also set up a primary healthcare clinic inside the local Protection of Civilians (PoC) site, run and

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Nazanin Zadeh-Cummings and Lauren Harris

, lactating mothers and TB patients.’ WASH (water, sanitation and hygiene) 8.4 million 307,000 1. ‘Improve equitable access to at least basic and safely managed drinking water and sanitation services.’ 2. ‘Raise awareness on public health risks related to water, sanitation and hygiene and promote adequate and equitable hygiene practices at households, education institutions and health facilities paying special attention to the needs of women and girls and those in vulnerable situations.’ 3. ‘Strengthen health emergency preparedness and response capacity

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
A Framework for Measuring Effectiveness in Humanitarian Response
Vincenzo Bollettino and Birthe Anders

could have been more effectively managed. 13. Military actors adhere to the relevant humanitarian civil–military guidelines. (Use MCDA Guidelines for complex emergencies and Oslo Guidelines for natural disasters, or applicable country guidelines.) a) Humanitarian and military actors intentionally adhering/attempting to adhere to applicable humanitarian civil–military coordination standards and guidelines. b) Humanitarian and military actors are clearly not adhering to applicable humanitarian civil–military coordination concepts and principles. c) It is

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Digital Bodies, Data and Gifts
Kristin Bergtora Sandvik

, 2015 ; Fast, 2017 ; Read et al. , 2016 ). Digitisation – the collection, conversion, storage and sharing of data and the use of digital technologies to collect and manage information about individuals from affected communities – increasingly shapes understandings of need and the response to emergencies. 2 This use of digital technologies produces ‘digital bodies’ – images, information, biometrics and other data stored in digital space – that represent

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Matthew Hunt, Sharon O’Brien, Patrick Cadwell, and Dónal P. O’Mathúna

, voluntary innovation became one where translators felt taken for granted or even exploited. If information is a form of aid, then it comes at a cost, just like water, food, medicine and other supplies, and the free provision of information should not be assumed, even in a crisis. Indeed, the long-term needs of the crisis-affected community might be served better by NGOs and other actors providing paid work to successful networks of translation volunteers

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Mel Bunce

opening for them to do this. It’s a Trojan horse’ (quoted in Priday, 2018 ). The second priority is securing more stable funding for humanitarian journalism. This includes, crucially, trustworthy information reaching those communities affected by disaster. Following the work of organisations including the CDAC Network, Internews and BBC Media Action, we know that this is a vital form of aid: people need information as they need water, food, medicine and shelter. Information can save lives, build resilience, support livelihoods and empower

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Governing Precarity through Adaptive Design
Mark Duffield

the social reproduction of the precariat by substituting for an absent fixed-grid ( Jacobsen, 2015 ). Together with cash-transfer programmes ( Lavinas, 2013 ), this includes biometric registration and experimentation with block-chain authentication as a means of managing aid and work entitlements ( Dodgson and Genc, 2017 ). Solar power lighting and charging solutions are widely marketed together with portable ceramic water filtration systems ( Redfield, 2015 ). Replacing a need for medically-staffed feeding centres, take-away mother

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Four Decisive Challenges Confronting Humanitarian Innovation
Gerard Finnigan and Otto Farkas

innovation by type and creation of nomenclature ( Garcia and Calantone, 2002 ). The private sector understood innovation as an imperative and priority for ‘successful’ business practice, critical for cutting costs, opening markets, improving customer value and effectively managing competitive risk ( Keohane, 2013 ; Quitzau, 2010 ; Tidd et al. , 2001 ). There are many parallels between the evolution of innovation practice within the private sector and that of the

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs