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Open Access (free)

Barbara Prainsack and Sabina Leonelli

, 2016). Social inequalities have been reified; even most left-wing progressive movements no longer see them as something that needs to be abolished but instead as something to be managed. Within this political economy, openness – particularly when interpreted as an appeal to transparency as means to unmask inequalities and corruption – assumes the role that gallantry had in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries: while seemingly easing the relationship between women and men, but not also between the rich and the poor, it can also be associated with a system that

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Playing God

Religious influences on the depictions of science in mainstream movies

David A. Kirby and Amy C. Chambers

16 Playing God: religious influences on the depictions of science in mainstream movies David A. Kirby, Amy C. Chambers Research on public attitudes towards science has revealed that individuals’ personal values and belief system are crucial factors in determining how they respond to new developments in science, technology and medicine, such as nanotechnology (Brossard et al., 2009; Nisbet and Scheufele, 2009; Scheufele et al., 2009; Toumey, 2011). Few cultural institutions have more influence on personal values and belief systems than religion, and few cultural

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M. Anne Brown

EAST TIMOR WAS forcibly incorporated into Indonesia in 1975 and managed, through a confluence of circumstances that was at once remarkable and yet another example of a suppressed people snapping back like bent but unbroken twigs (to use Isaiah Berlin’s phrase), to become independent almost twenty-five years later. Now the territory, poised on the edge of statehood, is undergoing transition, but also flux and confusion. At the time of writing the United Nations Transitional Authority for East Timor (UNTAET) is effectively the Government of

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Open access

The beast that no-one could – or should – control?

Stephen Curry

because academics are largely ignorant of the cost of journal subscriptions, which are Open access 41 normally managed on their behalf by university librarians. Although the direction of travel is away from subscription models towards a totally open-access world, the details of the transition remain obscure and mired in enduring arguments between various stakeholders. Economic modelling suggests that a fully open-access publishing system could deliver savings by creating a market where there is genuine competition for publishing services (Swan and Houghton, 2012

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Monstrous regiment versus Monsters Inc.

Competing imaginaries of science and social order in responsible (research and) innovation

Stevienna de Saille and Paul Martin

200805. Beal, T. K. (2014). Religion and Its Monsters. New York: Routledge. Berg, P. (2008). Meetings that changed the world: Asilomar 1975 – DNA modification secured. Nature, 455(7211), 290–291. Botting, F. (2003). Metaphors and monsters. Journal for Cultural Research, 7(4), 339–365. Braidotti, R. (1996). Signs of wonder and traces of doubt: On teratology and embodied differences. In N. Lykke and R. Braidotti (eds), Between Monsters, Goddesses and Cyborgs: Feminist Confrontations with Science, Medicine and Cyberspace (pp. 135–152). London: Zed. Bruening, G., and Lyons

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The meaning of modernisation

New Labour and public sector reform

Eric Shaw

, crucial roles were performed by the three key (and interlinked) elements of the so-called ‘quasi-market’, choice, competition and commercial involvement in supply. Choice Labour’s 1945 settlement was (in Tony Blair’s words) ‘largely statedirected and managed, built on a paternalist relationship between state and individual, one of donor and recipient [one in which] personal preferences were a low or non-existent priority’ (Blair 2002). The outcome was an asymmetrical power relationship in which user needs and preferences were often neglected. There were two available

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M. Anne Brown

see that the extent to which people incorporate medical advice is not the responsibility of the patient alone. It’s a problem of the doctor–patient relationship’. For Anderson, a Koori medical practitioner trained in conventional Western medicine, health practices in a community of both Indigenous and non-Indigenous people must involve processes of mutual recognition and negotiation of ‘healing strategies’ (1994: 42). In this context the operation of the community-managed Aboriginal Medical Service is particularly important. A loose national

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Assuaging fears of monstrousness

UK and Swiss initiatives to open up animal laboratory research

Carmen M. McLeod

boundaries of openness and secrecy. They argue that, in the Swedish context, AR openness initiatives are often carefully stage-managed so as to allow what they term ‘selective openness’ in order to control (and preserve) existing power relations between science and the public. McLeod and Hobson-West (2015) suggest that, in contrast, openness initiatives in the UK, at least, are allied towards ‘cautious openness’, potentially allowing for greater input from interested members of the public. However, their research also highlights the variation in the discursive framing of

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‘Science Matters’ and the public interest

The role of minority engagement

Sujatha Raman, Pru Hobson-West, Mimi E. Lam and Kate Millar

expected to happen? Our response explains why engagement is a process not merely for opening up but also potentially for renegotiating the substantive question of what is in the public interest (see also chapter 1). For instance, renegotiating a social contract for ethical fisheries has been promoted as a way of managing and protecting fishery resources and other public goods (Lam and Pauly, 2010). In practice, both engagement and renegotiation may happen only rarely and cannot substitute for socially attuned forms of expertise, as Jasanoff (2003) has argued. But the

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Amikam Nachmani

Lebanon; the loss of British and French influence in the Middle East and North Africa. Only the dispatch of American and British forces to Jordan and Lebanon managed to reassure Turkey. The country collaborated fully by providing bases on its territory (Adana) from which these forces could take off. 2 It is significant to note the declaration of then US Secretary of State John Foster Dulles in the autumn of 1957. It was just few months before Syria and Egypt united (February 1958), and before the marines landed in Beirut, but Egyptian troops were