This book presents new theories and international empirical evidence on the state of work and employment around the world. Changes in production systems, economic conditions and regulatory conditions are posing new questions about the growing use by employers of precarious forms of work, the contradictory approaches of governments towards employment and social policy, and the ability of trade unions to improve the distribution of decent employment conditions. Designed as a tribute to the highly influential contributions of Jill Rubery, the book proposes a ‘new labour market segmentation approach’ for the investigation of issues of job quality, employment inequalities, and precarious work. This approach is distinctive in seeking to place the changing international patterns and experiences of labour market inequalities in the wider context of shifting gender relations, regulatory regimes and production structures.
favoured insiders over outsiders.’ In Italy, the increasing dualism of the labour market has been
depicted as an insider–outsider problem, created by the ‘excessive’ protection
of standard employment relations. Consequently, the recent legislation aimed at
reducing the regulation of the labour market has been presented as a necessary
step towards greater equality. The second issue relates to the search for viable
models to address the challenges of technological change in a globalised and
competitive environment. Here again, the decade-long stagnation of Italian
and Quack, 2003). When applied to labour market organisation,
this stresses the idea that labour supply and demand are the result not of the
application of abstract economic norms, but of mutually interlocking spheres of
social structuring of the opportunities and constraints facing work organisation
and workers (see Rubery, 1992).
Essentially, societal institutionalism argues that capitalism is embedded at
a national–societal level in mutually reinforcing and interlocking ‘spheres’ of
political economy, in ways which create national ‘logics’ of employment relations
potential of the market informed the resistant strategies of the local people who were being pushed out. But, as with all instances of the carnivalesque, the attempts to recode the relations of dominance failed to do away completely with inequalities of power resulting in the painful reincorporation of racialised and gendered hierarchies.
The ideological content of the spectators’ dialogic reasoning manifested itself in their sarcastic and impassioned talk about death, suicide and its relationship to wider social structures. The imagined possibility of being pushed out
Race Talk is about racism and multilingual communication. The book draws on original, ethnographic research conducted on heterogeneous and multiethnic street markets in Napoli, southern Italy, in 2012. Here, Neapolitan street vendors worked alongside migrants from Senegal, Nigeria, Bangladesh and China as part of an ambivalent, cooperative and unequal quest to survive and prosper. A heteroglossia of different kinds of talk revealed the relations of domination and subordination between people. It showed how racialised hierarchies were enforced, as well as how ambivalent and novel transcultural solidarities emerged in everyday interaction. Street markets in Napoli provided important economic possibilities for both those born in the city, and those who had arrived more recently. However, anti-immigration politics, austerity and urban regeneration projects increasingly limited people’s ability to make a living in this way. In response, the street vendors organised politically. Their collective action was underpinned by an antihegemonic, multilingual talk through which they spoke back to power. Since that time, racism has surged in Napoli, and across the world, whilst human movement has continued unabated, because of worsening political, economic and environmental conditions. The book suggests that the edginess of multilingual talk – amongst people diversified in terms of race, legal status, religion and language, but united by an understanding of their potential disposability – offers useful insights into the kinds of imaginaries that will be needed to overcome the politics of borders and nationalism.
Bordering intimacy is a study of how borders and dominant forms of intimacy, such as family, are central to the governance of postcolonial states such as Britain. The book explores the connected history between contemporary border regimes and the policing of family with the role of borders under European and British empires. Building upon postcolonial, decolonial and black feminist theory, the investigation centres on how colonial bordering is remade in contemporary Britain through appeals to protect, sustain and make family life. Not only was family central to the making of colonial racism but claims to family continue to remake, shore up but also hide the organisation of racialised violence in liberal states. Drawing on historical investigations, the book investigates the continuity of colonial rule in numerous areas of contemporary government – family visa regimes, the policing of sham marriages, counterterror strategies, deprivation of citizenship, policing tactics, integration policy. In doing this, the book re-theorises how we think of the connection between liberal government, race, family, borders and empire. In using Britain as a case, this opens up further insights into the international/global circulations of liberal empire and its relationship to violence.
Given the significant similarities and differences between the welfare states of Northern Europe and their reactions to the perceived 'refugee crisis' of 2015, the book focuses primarily on the three main cases of Denmark, Sweden and Germany. Placed in a wider Northern European context – and illustrated by those chapters that also discuss refugee experiences in Norway and the UK – the Danish, Swedish and German cases are the largest case studies of this edited volume. Thus, the book contributes to debates on the governance of non-citizens and the meaning of displacement, mobility and seeking asylum by providing interdisciplinary analyses of a largely overlooked region of the world, with two specific aims. First, we scrutinize the construction of the 2015 crisis as a response to the large influx of refugees, paying particular attention to the disciplinary discourses and bureaucratic structures that are associated with it. Second, we investigate refugees’ encounters with these bureaucratic structures and consider how these encounters shape hopes for building a new life after displacement. This allows us to show that the mobility of specific segments of the world’s population continues to be seen as a threat and a risk that has to be governed and controlled. Focusing on the Northern European context, our volume interrogates emerging policies and discourses as well as the lived experiences of bureaucratization from the perspective of individuals who find themselves the very objects of bureaucracies.
Damian Grimshaw, Colette Fagan, Gail Hebson, and Isabel Tavora
employment and quality of work
more equal. Various fiscal, labour market and social policy reforms risk creating or increasing inequalities, expanding precarious forms of employment and
exacerbating the social exclusion of vulnerable workforce groups. Such reforms
include the marginalisation of organised labour through changes to industrial
relations, the marketisation and outsourcing of public services, the weakening
of employment rights, cuts to welfare entitlements, and the privatisation of
responsibilities for family and care provision. Moreover, employers may also
–distribution–production configuration. reflected in
the emergence of supermarket own-label products. The third raises the question of how the organisation of retail markets, and their transformation, alter
the way demand is instituted as between end consumer and retailer.
Covent Garden market provides an excellent example of the evolution of
markets as a process of reconfiguring demand–supply relations over the long
duration (Braudel, 1982), although altogether exceptional for its dominant
metropolitan position and heightened significance as an import market of
The dualist and complex role of the state in Spanish labour and employment relations in an age of ‘flexibility’
Miguel Martínez Lucio
labour and employment relations needs to be broadened. What is
more, equal opportunities approaches must be more clearly linked to systems
of labour market organisation, policy and public discourses (Fagan and Rubery,
1996; Rubery and Fagan, 1995).
While trade unions have involved groups such as migrants through various
social inclusion strategies – in some cases with the help of state resources –
the overall system of welfare and social service support has been constrained
and uneven. We need to comprehend that these economic and social regulatory characteristics