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they should not be compromised, there is no guarantee that they can be universalised through the expansion of markets and democracy; all foreign-policy decisions of the US government must be based on national interest and taken from a position of power – the US must not be an arbiter of conflicts around the world; to maintain its position of power, the US must reassume global leadership in processes of technological innovation, particularly in relation to war technologies; economic prosperity is an instrument for the projection of the global power

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
A Focus on Community Engagement

-based organisations and the NGO in charge of opening a new Ebola Treatment Unit at the SKD 3 Stadium in Monrovia. In the final case, from Sierra Leone, Luisa Enria discusses the role of chiefs through the confrontation between the police and young Sierra Leoneans in Bamoi Luma when authorities violently imposed the closure of a market in order to avoid a resurgence of the epidemic. Despite their heterogeneity, the cases constitute what can be termed comparables , in reference to

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Governing Precarity through Adaptive Design

. Global Precarity A characteristic of late-modernity, at least in relation to the global North, 3 is what Nikolas Rose has called the ‘death of the social’ ( Rose, 1996 ). This demise is usually equated with the roll-back of the welfare state. Originally meant as a collective insurance-based shield against market forces, since the 1980s the welfare state has been residualised through means-testing, privatisation, cuts and the politics of austerity. Companies and businesses, however, have also shed their former social-democratic responsibilities

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Digital Bodies, Data and Gifts

sensor technologies and self-tracking devices focuses on data collected voluntarily by individuals, for their own purposes. In contrast, my concern is how data collected in a setting where there are enormous power differences may be monetised by combining it with other people’s data to make population-wide correlations and inferences that have market value ( Nissenbaum and Patterson, 2016 ). No attention has been paid so far to the ‘gift’ element of data production and its

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs

public-relations and legal responses. More importantly, they can feed into and foster an anti-migrant climate and increase mistrust towards NGOs and their interventions. In addition to these short-term consequences, disinformation may have a profound long-term impact by undermining the trust that citizens place in all sources of information. Research shows that audiences are confused and concerned about disinformation, and they struggle to know which sources of news to trust. A 2018 Pew Centre study found that 42 per cent of Americans believe

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Interpreting Violence on Healthcare in the Early Stage of the South Sudanese Civil War

photographs gathered by UNMISS showed that the capture of Leer had been immediately followed by the destruction of large parts of the town, primarily by fire, including public infrastructure, markets, churches and local housing ( UNMISS, 2014 : 47). In the days that followed, government armed forces pursued the population in the surrounding areas, forcing the displaced, including MSF staff, to retreat deeper and deeper into the bush. After trying to hide the cars, which were quickly stolen by

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
From the Global to the Local

report, UNRWA noted that ‘[t]he largest driver of costs – the Agency’s service delivery and the staff required for that – is also the Agency’s biggest asset’ (2016: 57). Circa 95 per cent of all UNRWA employees are Palestinian refugees, with UNRWA being one of the main employers for Palestinians across the Middle East. Indeed, UNRWA is seen as having an obligation to employ Palestinians as part of the effort to uphold their rights; this is particularly important in contexts where Palestinians are excluded from the national labour market, as is

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Humanitarianism in a Post-Liberal World Order

image of liberal freedom. Resistance was often futile or at least hugely costly (think of Vietnam). Wars were waged for decades to ensure no part of the system could harbour an economic model or an ideological commitment that was antithetical to the liberal capitalist consensus or refuse to open up its resources to the needs of the international market ( Robinson, 1996 ). Take, for example, Henri Dunant, the patron saint of modern humanitarianism, who was actually at Solferino to beg for Emperor Louis Napoleon’s help in saving his colonial

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs

This text aims to fill a gap in the field of Middle Eastern political studies by combining international relations theory with concrete case studies. It begins with an overview of the rules and features of the Middle East regional system—the arena in which the local states, including Egypt, Turkey, Iran, Israel and the Arab states of Syria, Jordan and Iraq, operate. The book goes on to analyse foreign-policy-making in key states, illustrating how systemic determinants constrain this policy-making, and how these constraints are dealt with in distinctive ways depending on the particular domestic features of the individual states. Finally, it goes on to look at the outcomes of state policies by examining several major conflicts including the Arab-Israeli conflict and the Gulf War, and the system of regional alignment. The study assesses the impact of international penetration in the region, including the historic reasons behind the formation of the regional state system. It also analyses the continued role of external great powers, such as the United States and the former Soviet Union, and explains the process by which the region has become incorporated into the global capitalist market.

in the philosophy of Hegel, I will show that there are resources within a theory of recognition which point to important questions of international political theory often ignored by liberal political theory. In what follows I will develop an understanding of recognition as a ‘hinge concept’ – one which links economic relations, the juridical form, moral claims and political

in Recognition and Global Politics