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Louise Zamparutti

This essay analyses the literature on the foibe to illustrate a political use of human remains. The foibe are the deep karstic pits in Istria and around Trieste where Yugoslavian Communist troops disposed of Italians they executed en masse during World War II. By comparing contemporary literature on the foibe to a selection of archival reports of foibe exhumation processes it will be argued that the foibe literature popular in Italy today serves a political rather than informational purpose. Counterpublic theory will be applied to examine how the recent increase in popular foibe literature brought the identity of the esuli, one of Italy‘s subaltern counterpublics, to the national stage. The paper argues that by employing the narrative structure of the Holocaust, contemporary literature on the foibe attempts to recast Italy as a counterpublic in the wider European public sphere, presenting Italy as an unrecognised victim in World War II.

Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal
Open Access (free)
The first Dutch excavation in Italy, 1952–58
Arthur Weststeijn and Laurien de Gelder

Dutch collectors, antiquarians, academics and (museum) archaeologists have explored the ancient heritage of the Mediterranean for over four centuries. Nevertheless, the institutionalised practice of archaeology in these areas is a relatively young discipline. This chapter deals specifically with the birth of Dutch archaeology in Italy. The first Dutch excavations, under the aegis of the Royal Netherlands Institute in Rome (KNIR), started in the 1950s and continued for more than a decade. This chapter examines the disciplinary infrastructure and the social, political and intellectual contexts of the first Dutch dig in Italy. Two issues are central in this research. One is to understand better the changing social, intellectual and political networks that commence and evolve during the process of an archaeological fieldwork project in a foreign country. The second is to place the many narratives produced by these academic networks in their contemporary contexts. This chapter deals with the questions: In which political context did foreign archaeological practice in Italy emerge? Who were the Dutch scholars that started the first excavation project? Which institutional context made the first Dutch excavation in Italy possible? Why dig beneath the Santa Prisca church?

in Communities and knowledge production in archaeology
The case of Oscar Montelius and Italy
Anna Gustavsson

like to underline the importance of placing the work of Montelius and other scholars in a wider geographical, historical and political context. To add further depth to an analysis of both individual and general perspectives on a scholars’ work, I suggest always consulting and combining a variety of sources and archives. Studying a famous person who has already been a subject of research can be complex, though. The archaeologist Oscar Moro Abadía (2013) provides a good example of how multiple sources can be used, and how a national narrative can be challenged by

in Communities and knowledge production in archaeology
Re-thinking Ludwik Fleck’s concept of the thought-collective according to the case of Serbian archaeology
Monika Milosavljević

, Fleck’s concepts are better fitted to taking into account nuances within change ROBERTS 9781526134554 PRINT.indd 14 03/12/2019 08:56 How archaeological communities think15 that do not correspond to overarching paradigms within larger narrative scopes. Fleck accounts for change as a continual process rather than a single event, and incorporates the social group’s role in such changes (Brorson and Anderson, 2001). That said, Fleck’s theories by themselves are not theoretically sufficient to cover all issues arising when examining shifts in thought. This chapter

in Communities and knowledge production in archaeology
Open Access (free)
Clusters of knowledge
Julia Roberts and Kathleen Sheppard

frameworks available to bring about new angles of inspection, such as feminist history, queer theory, science and technology studies, and political history. In turn, these new approaches have been adopted and utilised by archaeologists who now define themselves as historians of archaeology rather than simply archaeologists interested in the discipline’s history. These alternative perspectives utilise new research agendas, theoretical foundations and critical approaches that incorporate archaeological practice into the narratives of political, economic, social and cultural

in Communities and knowledge production in archaeology
Felix Kanitz and Balkan archaeology
Vladimir V. Mihajlović

, as indicated above, essentially contains Erinnerungen, or memoirs, of Kanitz’s Serbian years. Unlike his previous books, which are more or less scholarly in their essence, Das Königreich Serbien is a travelogue, and in accordance with the rules of the genre its narrative is unbounded, sometimes even intimate. This gives us an insight into Kanitz’s network, his personal relations with the people who helped him during the decades he spent in the Balkans. The list includes people whom Kanitz met in Vienna while still preparing for his journeys, as well as those he met

in Communities and knowledge production in archaeology
The permeable clusters of Hanna Rydh
Elisabeth Arwill-Nordbladh

’s degree. She was now ready to take a place in the archaeological world. Soon she was linked to The National Heritage Board for temporary excavation projects such as a research project connected to the emergence of the Kingdom of Sweden. The research questions were of significance for the national historical narrative, and at various intervals the project went on for almost a decade. Being given charge of the prehistoric section is a clear indication that Hanna was a respected and trusted colleague within the research community. After graduating, Hanna registered as a

in Communities and knowledge production in archaeology