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The revolt of democratic Christianity and the rise of public opinion

for a variety of outlooks. For pro-Bourbon thinkers the notion of absolutism can be seen as a confirmation of the power and grandeur of the dynasty. For the English political class from the seventeenth to the nineteenth century, the concept of French absolutist tyranny was a useful aid to various fundamental political projects often including the bolstering of British nationalism. Finally, for some historians of the Enlightenment, French absolutism was a useful negative contrast to the ‘progressive’ philosophes fighting the old regime. Of what relevance, however, is

in The Enlightenment and religion

Italian nationalism, and a new focus, partly born of nostalgia, on what came to be called tradizioni popolari , popular or folk traditions. Italians located the source of their national identity and cultural authenticity in the Classical period, the last time the peninsula had existed as a unified entity under the aegis of the Roman Empire. Early Italian scholars sought in folklore some kind of link to that Classical past, as

in Witchcraft Continued
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The ‘defending democracy’ in Israel – a framework of analysis

nationalism’), or the national ultra-orthodox, 45 a new bloc in ultra-orthodox society in Israel consisting of two tendencies. On the one hand, there is evidence of a Haredisation of various religious Zionist groups. On the other hand, there is the adoption of a national if not ultra-nationalist identity among some Haredi elements, and this has led to an increasing convergence of the Haredi and hawkish publics in terms of their attitudes as well as in operative joint-efforts. 46 Research conducted towards the end of the 1990s demonstrates that the most hawkish

in The Israeli response to Jewish extremism and violence