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Open Access (free)
Governing Precarity through Adaptive Design
Mark Duffield

invest in communal reciprocity? Relentless hard choices ‘in effect tax an individual’s bandwidth, or mental resources. This cognitive tax, in turn, can lead to economic decisions that perpetuate poverty ( ibid .: 81, emphasis added). As off-grid environments, slums typically lack regular water, electricity, sanitation and other infrastructural services. This absence also increases the cognitive levy. A high mental tax creates poor frames of thought and makes for impaired decision making. For the World Bank, thinking has become a calculative

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Neutrality, discrimination and common carriage
Christopher T. Marsden

Throttling: broadband providers may not impair or degrade lawful Internet traffic on the basis of content, applications, services, or non-harmful devices. No Paid Prioritization: broadband providers may not favor some lawful Internet traffic over other lawful traffic in exchange for consideration of any kind – in other words, no ‘fast lanes.’ This rule also bans IAPs from prioritizing content

in Network neutrality