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Theoretical approaches
Finn Stepputat

2 Governing the dead? Theoretical approaches Finn Stepputat Following a trend of emerging interest in carnal fetishism1 and the politics of dead bodies (Verdery 1999), this volume focuses on the particular relationship between sovereignty on the one hand and (dead) bodies and human remains on the other, arguing that this analysis can help us understand fundamental ways in which sovereignty is claimed and performed. We see sovereignty as an effect of practices that are fundamentally related to the body and to issues of life and death, and pertaining to the state

in Governing the dead
José López Mazz

4 The concealment of bodies during the military dictatorship in Uruguay (1973–84)1 José López Mazz The political violence that occurred in Latin America during the second half of the twentieth century was deeply rooted in historic and prehistoric cultural traditions. To study it in a scientific way accordingly requires both the development of a specific set of cultural and historical methodologies and a leading role to be played by archaeological techniques and forensic anthropology. Our focus is in part on apprehending and understanding violent practices

in Human remains and identification
Chowra Makaremi

7 State violence and death politics in post-revolutionary Iran 1 Chowra Makaremi 2 From 9 January to 19 July 2012, the Iranian daily Gooya News, one of the Iranian diaspora’s main information sites, published a series of forty-one articles, entitled ‘Interviews with a torture and rape witness’. The tortures and rapes in question were from the period of violent state repression that gripped the Islamic Republic throughout the 1980s. The interviews give voice to the anonymous testimony of an official involved in the penitentiary and judicial sphere of that period

in Destruction and human remains
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Corpse-work in the prehistory of political boundaries
Richard Kernaghan

10 Time as weather: corpse-work in the prehistory of political boundaries Richard Kernaghan Insurgent law, an afterlife ‘These things are the mirror’, said the Shining Path leader, who in Wilson’s accounts always stayed unnamed. ‘They are the mirror so the people and masses will know not to commit such errors.’ That, Wilson told me, was the answer one guerrillero gave to his question of why the Party left dead bodies in public places to rot … always with a sign tossed nearby announcing the crime of which the victim had in life been accused. The mistakes the

in Governing the dead
The violent pursuit of cultural sovereignty during authoritarian rule in Argentina
Antonius C.G.M. Robben

or ERP (Ejército Revolucionario del Pueblo) and a host of other guerrilla organisations had equally contributed to Perón’s political rebirth through armed operations against the reigning military dictatorship of Lieutenant-General Lanusse. Free elections were held in March 1973, and Perón became president of Argentina in July 1973. Soon, a violent factionalism developed between left-wing and rightwing Peronists about the administrative control of national, provincial and local governments, while the ERP continued to attack the armed forces and dreamt of a Cuban

in Governing the dead
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Death, landscape and power among the Duha Tuvinians of northern Mongolia
Benedikte Møller Kristensen

3 The proper funeral: death, landscape and power among the Duha Tuvinians of northern Mongolia Benedikte Møller Kristensen The traditional funeral practice of the Duha reindeer nomads of northern Mongolia consists in placing corpses on the open ground in the wild forest (xer) to be eaten by wild animals. Under socialism, the Mongolian government issued a ban on open-air (il tavah) funerals and imposed compulsory burial of the dead in cemeteries (Delaplace 2006). This ban was a part of the Mongolian People’s Republic’s ‘dead-body politics’ (Verdery 1999) aimed

in Governing the dead
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Tracing relatedness and diversity in the Albanian–Montenegrin borderland
Jelena Tošić

practically all local ethno-national, religious and ideological/political ‘categories’. Here, people declaring themselves to be Albanians, Montenegrins, Serbs, Yugoslavs, Christians and Muslims, democrats or socialists – allegiances that entailed tensions and conflicts in other parts of the Balkans – were not merely relatives, but respected the individual freedom of self-denomination. In this chapter I use episodes from my journey along the Sarapa genealogical pathway to explore the interrelatedness of human and border mobility and inclusivity of diverse population patterns

in Migrating borders and moving times
Time and space in family migrant networks between Kosovo and western Europe
Carolin Leutloff-Grandits

abroad, often for decades. This ‘culture of migration’ has changed through the years, in response to external and policy transformations. These have been drastic, including starkly modified European border and migration regimes as well as Kosovo’s own changing societal and political situation, particularly after the end of war in Kosovo in 1999. All of these changes have affected not only experiences of border crossing but also household and family relations within the village. Male labour migration has formed the basis of the household economy throughout rural Kosovo

in Migrating borders and moving times
Integrative concepts for a criminology of mass violence
Jon Shute

4 Moral discourse and action in relation to the corpse: integrative concepts for a criminology of mass violence Jon Shute Introduction: the moral–emotional ‘work’ of serious crime in peacetime and in conflict In stable, late-modern societies, crimes are adjudicated breaches of morality formally defined in law. They are variable in content across place and time, and do not always have a readily identifiable victim or definitions that have the informal moral support of the population; however, many of the most serious offences against the person and property

in Human remains and mass violence