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The restructuring of work in Germany

-responsible individuals, sees a mutually constitutive relationship between state and market. The intellectual tradition of Ordo-liberalism that is credited with the building of a post-war ‘Soziale Marktwirtschaft’ (social market economy), provides a set of concepts and understandings that can be invoked to bring the market into the realm of political intervention and social dialogue.5 Writing from the time of the crises of the 1930s, the Ordo-liberals sought to critique laissez-faire liberalism, arguing that a social market economy required protective social institutions to be created

in Globalisation contested

privatisation. Of course, the contemporary period of globalisation is commonly defined as a break from the logics of industrialisation, taking the form of, for example, the ‘post-industrial society’ (Castells, 1989) or ‘post-Fordism’ (Lipietz, 1987; Piore and Sabel, 1984). However, the representations of industrialisation and globalisation make common appeals to notions of technological externality, epochal newness and novelty and convergence in economic and social organisation. As devices employed to explain the human and social world, the concepts of industrialisation and

in Globalisation contested
Open Access (free)
The restructuring of work and production in the international political economy

interests which eventually ensure that the required steps be taken. (Polanyi, 1957: 46) Amoore_Global_06_Ch5 118 6/19/02, 2:05 PM The ‘contested’ firm 119 Contemporary interpretations of Polanyi’s work have, of course, imported his ideas into a new context. The problematic of The Great Transformation was to explore the historical transformation of nineteenth-century liberalism and to explain the social effects of an imposed self-regulating market economy. However, Polanyi’s ontological position has become increasingly useful in the development of critical positions

in Globalisation contested
Open Access (free)
Unheard voices and invisible agency

the globalisation of production, whether framed in terms of post-Fordism (Hirst and Zeitlin, 1989; Lipietz, 1987), transformations in competitive strategy (Strange, 1996; Porter, 1990) or grand-scale shifts in the organisation of capitalist societies (Rifkin, 1995; Toffler, 1980), all tend to emphasise the common effects of transformation in different places. The restructuring of work is presented as a unidirectional and universal outcome of restructured production, with global forces determining changes in everyday practices as though workers were simply passive

in Globalisation contested
The restructuring of work in Britain

every five years; unions lose immunity unless a secret ballot is conducted and won before strike action. • 1988 Employment Act Post-entry closed shop is made illegal and unenforceable; no strike seeking to enforce post-entry closed shop is lawful. During a lawful strike, union members who cross the picket-line cannot be disciplined. Extension of secret balloting in union elections. • • • 1989 Employment Act Various provisions which extend labour market regulation to the small firm sector are withdrawn; repeal of discriminatory provisions restricting hours of work

in Globalisation contested