Search results

Open Access (free)
Governing Precarity through Adaptive Design
Mark Duffield

called post-humanism ( Braidotti, 2013 ) brings several contemporary positivist stands together. These include the new empiricism, speculative realism and actor network theory. Post-humanist thought draws on process-oriented behavioural ontologies of becoming. These privilege individuals understood as cognitively limited by their unmediated relationship with their enfolding environments ( Galloway, 2013 ; Chandler, 2015 ). An individual’s ‘world’ reduces to the immediate who, where and when of their changing network connections and

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Why Building Back Better Means More than Structural Safety
Bill Flinn

affected number from the EM-DAT database includes injured and homeless Although the overall figures provide a persuasive argument for questioning the dominance of structural safety as the central focus of post-disaster reconstruction, closer examination suggests that a contextual nuance is needed. The figures show that rebuilding houses that are strong and safe in an earthquake-prone region is more important than storm-proof housing in the Philippines or the Caribbean. This should come as no surprise: earthquakes happen without warning and with catastrophic

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Editor’s Introduction
Juliano Fiori

, provided particularly American inspiration for the post-war development of liberal global governance. 1 But the principles of great-power trusteeship and balancing, reflected in the Dumbarton Oaks proposals in 1944, were decisive in the creation of the United Nations. 2 Despite the early proliferation of liberal institutions under the aegis of the UN, Cold War prerogatives undermined cosmopolitan aspirations for world government. Cancelling each other out in the Security Council, the US and the Soviet Union prioritised bilateral negotiations. UN

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Four Decisive Challenges Confronting Humanitarian Innovation
Gerard Finnigan and Otto Farkas

current structural, technical or resource capacity of the humanitarian system to respond to people in crisis with any proven efficacy ( Checchi et al. , 2016 ; Colombo and Pavignani, 2017 ; Spiegel, 2017 ). The most confronting factor is the magnitude of threat faced by communities from the deterioration of the physical environment and destruction of natural ecosystems on which their lives depend. The biological systems required to sustain human health and life are not recovering from

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Humanitarianism in a Post-Liberal World Order
Stephen Hopgood

Introduction The modern global humanitarian system takes the form it does because it is underpinned by liberal world order, the post-1945 successor to the imperial world of the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries and the global political and economic system the European empires created. Humanitarian space, as we have come to know it in the late twentieth century, is liberal space, even if many of those engaged in humanitarian action would rather not see themselves as liberals. To the extent that there is something constitutively liberal about

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Digital Bodies, Data and Gifts
Kristin Bergtora Sandvik

knowledge gap regarding the development and deployment of wearables in emergencies, where there are deep, extra-democratic power differences between beneficiaries and structurally unaccountable humanitarian actors, donors and private-sector actors. This article suggests that humanitarian wearables have a structural dimension that risks being overlooked when the deployment of ‘wearables for good’ is framed as ‘technical’ and/or ‘good – rather than political. Most scholarship on

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
José Luís Fiori

liberal humanitarian institutions, which have depended on the financial and political capital of the US. Far from promoting a final and permanent peace, the new security strategy situates the US in an inter-state system in which war is possible at any time, in any location, with any rival, enemy or former ally. How might we explain this apparent shift in American strategy? A growing number of analysts, particularly North Americans, consider that we are seeing the end of the post-war liberal order. And they attribute liberal crisis to two fundamental factors

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
A Focus on Community Engagement
Frédéric Le Marcis, Luisa Enria, Sharon Abramowitz, Almudena-Mari Saez and Sylvain Landry B. Faye

’ (individuals in a position of power because of their rank, regardless of their age). The word ‘sociaux’ implies that they are young and therefore without power, but not necessarily because of their age. Their status (and lack of authority) is defined by their structural location in society: they may be youths, or old but second-born, or women or foreigners with no rights. Focusing on intermediaries, mediation and in particular on the role of the cadets sociaux enables us to

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Nazanin Zadeh-Cummings and Lauren Harris

measures to minimise its adverse consequences’. The long-term, structural backdrop of the DPRK’s post-famine humanitarian need is not compatible with understandings of humanitarian emergencies. Instead, there is a situation of protracted humanitarian need underpinned not by armed conflict, as in some other contexts, but by political choices. The DPRK’s Humanitarian Country Team (HCT), comprised of UN and other resident humanitarian agencies, releases an annual ‘Needs and Priorities’ document. While the data and methodology behind the figures in the document are subject

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Architecture, Building and Humanitarian Innovation
Tom Scott-Smith

shelter’ proposals has emerged over the last few years, particularly in response to the widespread media coverage of migration during the summer of 2015: designs that have included villages made from shipping containers ( Hill, 2015 ), new generations of tents in the desert made from ‘structural fabric’ ( Nolen, 2015 ), hexagonal refugee shelters ( Gander, 2016 ) and stackable homes ( McEachran, 2014 ), as well as a series of still more fantastical ideas such as the ‘Wearable Habitation Coat

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs