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Order and security in post-Cold War Europe

Cold War, Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1992, p. vii. 31 Robert O. Keohane and Stanley Hoffmann, ‘The Diplomacy of Structural Change: Multilateral Institutions and State Strategies’, in Hoftendorn and Tuschhoff (eds), America and Europe, pp. 44–5. 32 Stephen J. Cimbala, US Military Strategy and the Cold War Endgame, London: Frank Cass, 1995, p. 127. 33 Robert E. Hunter, ‘Starting at Zero: US Foreign Policy for the 1990s’, in Roberts (ed.), US Foreign Policy, p. 15. 34 David P. Calleo, ‘America’s Federal Nation State: A Crisis of Post-imperial Viability’, Political

in Theory and reform in the European Union

problematic in ways that have not proved possible for post-​colonial studies in the humanities. But metropolitan social science is also implicated in post-​imperial political, economic and structural forms of domination (Connell, 2007). By invoking a macro-​sociological level of analysis of global inequalities, post-​colonial sociology pinpoints the problematics of power that figure in a challenge to the epistemological foundation of metropolitan sociology. The field also claims considerable critical purchase in critiques of power at the meso-​sociological and micro

in Debating civilisations
Open Access (free)
Entanglements and ambiguities

ruptures of functionalist and structural-functionalist anthropology with evolutionist (and diffusionist) principles on the grounds of their speculative procedures had wider consequences. They entailed a wider suspicion toward, the placing of a question mark on, history as such within the discipline. 1 Now the practice of anthropology could proceed in contradistinction to the writing of history. Second

in Subjects of modernity

, like the neo-Marxist accounts, neglects the fact that its preferred model (the post-war social democratic welfare state) was tied to a specific social formation which has been radically altered. Specifically, the institutions of the Keynesian welfare state presumed a greater degree of national economic sovereignty, a largely homogenous working class based on the male bread

in The Third Way and beyond
Perspectives on civilisation in Latin America

dissonances of civilisations. Furthermore, I argue that problems of authenticity and of historical continuity and discontinuity have been central to cultural and political thought of movement engaging international currents. Latin America in the cross-​currents of history Cultural and political engagement began in earnest for independent Latin American societies in the 1880s. Perspectives in culture and politics in post-​ colonial Latin America speak to an ‘Americanism’ expressed in the phrase nuestra América, first popularised by Cuban nationalist José Martí. In reaction

in Debating civilisations
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structures: a deep-rooted structural crisis which prompted them to look above the nation-state itself as a means of resolving its acute legitimation problems. Underlying these criticisms is a belief that ‘new loyalties will arise in direct conflict with the nation-state’,57 opening up much wider horizons than those afforded by the latter. This is exactly what European federalists had in mind: that these multiple pressures on the nation-state would lead to the recognition that new democratic arrangements would have to be devised so as to meet the challenges of the post-1945

in Theory and reform in the European Union

exists between the commitment made to plurality and the a priori premise that the West’s cultural programme is pre-​eminent. Post-​colonial sociologists believe this to be an unacknowledged Eurocentrism that structurally conceals the inter-​ connectedness of social formations (Bhambra, 2007: 56–​79; Boatcă and Costa, 2010; Patel, 2013). They pinpoint the isolation of the units of analysis, as others have also. The a priori assumption of geo-​cultural unities characteristic of area studies scholarship is a very clear difficulty for theorising multiple modernities. The

in Debating civilisations
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not all the same thing . Finally, to make matters even more interesting, political theory is now engaged with theorisations of gender drawn from very recent developments, such as cultural studies, media studies, multiculturalism, post-structuralism and post-modernisms. These ideas and interests are not necessarily aligned with all, or indeed any, of contemporary feminisms in terms of subject matter or inspiration. On the

in Political concepts
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Theorising Arctic hierarchies

of public goods were provided by the United States and the Soviet Union in their respective spheres of influence. In the post-​ Cold War period, the question of whether the USA can act as a fully global hegemon in delivering global public goods is actively debated. At the same time, US dominance in the international system has not been replaced by another power, however unevenly enacted or contested this American hegemonic position has become. This incomplete/​partial hegemony thus ties back into broader debates discussed in the introduction to this volume about

in Arctic governance
Open Access (free)
A power perspective on Arctic governance

regional multilateralism. The region must be on the brink of a new cold war (a common media representation) or saturated with warm, comprehensive cooperation (a counter-​representation by Arctic states, including Russia). This book avoids testing the outer extremes of these ‘either/​or’ dichotomies about the cross-​border politics of the Arctic. Rather, the volume seeks to pose and explore a question that sheds light on the contested, but largely cooperative, nature of Arctic governance in the post-​Cold War period: how have and how do relations of power matter in

in Arctic governance