Irish MPs for Sinn Fein in the post-war election who refused to go to
Westminster and promptly declared an Irish Republic. The subsequent
Anglo-Irish War lasted until 1921, when the British Government and the Irish
‘government’ agreed to the partition of the island into a
twenty-six-county Free State and a six-county Northern Ireland remaining
within the UK, but with its own ‘devolved’ government at
Dimitris N. Chryssochoou, Michael J. Tsinisizelis, Stelios Stavridis and Kostas Ifantis
German reunification presented to the European balance of power and, hence,
to Britain’s position. Britain perceived NATO as the conditio sine qua non of the
post-Cold War settlement. Britain insisted throughout the ‘2 plus 4’ negotiations that a unified Germany would have to be a NATO member and that NATO
should remain the linchpin of European security. Throughout the Cold War,
British defence policy had become so integrated with NATO policy that it was
difficult to separate the two.63 In the mid-1990s, the British view started shifting
. These thinkers and their ideas have had a considerable
influence on the development of the post-war consensus , and will no
doubt continue to influence twenty-first century politics and economics.
A general agreement on basic principles, disagreement being confined to
details. Government in Britain from 1945 to 1979 is often said to have
been ‘consensual’ since most main parties
could be adapted to a very
positive role if socialist parties acquired power by constitutional
This belief reached its apogee in
Britain during and just after the Second World War. State planning helped to
defeat Britain’s enemies and could, it was believed, win the war
against ignorance, poverty and want at home. Social reformism was the
dominant ideology throughout most of the post-war era
Conservative leaders came to
terms with the social-democratic welfare state by both accepting and
extending it. Harold Macmillan, R. A. Butler and other modernisers within
the Conservative Party ensured its post-war electoral successes. In the 1980s Mrs Thatcher
struggled with what she perceived as the hegemony of socialist and
social-democratic doctrine permeating all levels of British society. Her
conservatism sought to link the
nationalism; nationalism in the age of revolutions; twentieth-century nationalism; post- Cold War nationalism.
A term which refers to the struggle between the West and the Soviet Union
from just after the Second World War to the late 1980s. It was a
conflict that stopped short of a fullscale ‘hot war’.
Before the European Renaissance there
This very achievement created
problems for liberal parties, such as the British Liberal/Liberal Democrat
Party, as they seemed to have worked their way out of a job. The British
Liberals had been perceived by the electorate as a party of the middle
ground during the post-war era. By 2001 the Liberal Democrats were beginning
to position themselves somewhere to the left of New
Eric Hobsbawm, ‘Introduction: Inventing Traditions’, in Eric Hobsbawm and Terence Ranger (eds), The Invention of Tradition (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1983).
Randall Hansen, Citizenship and Immigration in Post-WarBritain (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000), p. 212.
Ontologies of connection, reconstruction of memory
Jeremy C.A. Smith
, while darker pasts
have to be persistently reasserted.
As part of the long process of problematising but not dissembling myths,
Australia’s post-war turn from British allegiance in foreign policy to alliance
with the United States has shaped its place in the western Pacific. Relations
with island states are imbued with an imaginary of state and capitalist power.
Australia assumed a role of regional power acting in close proximity to US
interests. In the wake of decolonisation, Australian policy cast the Pacific as a
zone of few economic prospects, heightened
social, economic, political and cultural life. Over time, and with
each wave, more and more of the world is incorporated into common dynamics.
The first wave is synonymous with the Axial Age. In the second wave (1500–
1600), Europe’s early modern empires conquered and colonised the Western
hemisphere. Indigenous peoples suffered colonial occupation as genocidal conquest and millions of Africans suffered it as the catastrophic slave trade. War
and world power were internationalised in the third wave (1750–1815), with
Britain emerging as the premier European force at